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[国内外] 2021年11月27日中国大陆雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总

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发表于 2021-11-22 10:00:39 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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2021年11月27日中国大陆雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)
回忆1:
阅读
第一篇是澳大利亚的糖厂
第二篇placebo
第三篇大概是讲人类思维能力的发展
回忆2:
机考
小作文地图题 两张图 一个城镇的发展
大作文 讨论 有些人认为广告能带来积极的经济效益 有些人认为会造成消极社会影响 如个人会对他们拥有的不满
回忆3:
小作文:柱形图人们不去上班的原因 分为三个年份,五种不同原因
大作文:送孩子上学是家长的责任还是政府的责任。Discuss both view.
回忆4:
小作文:柱状图
大家不去上班的5种原因在三个年份所占人数比例

大作文:
Some people believe it is the responsibility of government to transport children to school. While others believe parents should transport their children to school. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
回忆5:
阅读
Passage1:澳大利亚糖厂
题型:配对+选择+判断
1-8 配对+选择
待回忆
9-13 判断
9.NOT GIVEN
10.FALSE
11.NOT GIVEN
12.TRUE
13.FALSE
(答案和顺序可能有出入,欢迎来留言区讨论~)

Passage2: Placebo Effect_The Power of Nothing
题型:匹配+选择+判断
14-17 匹配
14.F
15.H
16.B
17.G
18-20 选择
18.D
19.A
20.C
21-26 判断
21.NO
22.NOT GIVEN
23.YES
24.YES
25.NOT GIVEN
26.YES
(答案可能略有出入,欢迎来留言区讨论~)

Passage3:人类思维能力的发展
回忆6:
听力
P1:女子咨询旅游
题型:填空
1.Rosie
2.65
3.40
4.museum
5.Saturday
6.discount
7-10 待回忆
(答案和顺序可能有出入,欢迎来留言区讨论~)

P2:关于垃圾回收的介绍
题型: 填空
11.waterproof
12.wood
13.overfill
14.heavy
15.open
16.traffic
17.4 weeks
18.stones
19.business district
20.plastic

P3:讨论关于运动员受伤治疗相关问题

P4:公司咨询
回忆7:
听力
PART 1 博物馆问卷调查题型:填空关键词:museum ocean

PART 2  
11 waterproof
12 building materials such as wood
13 do not overfill blue/ green bin
14 The other one can't be loaded with heavy stuff
15 when dustbin in the garden is open
16 Garbage would not be collected in some places due to the traffic, thus someone will empty dustbins.
17 4 weeks
18 Do not recycle dirt and stones
19 in the business district
20 plastic bag

PART 3  关于治疗的论文探讨题型:匹配+选择关键词
treatmentinjuryheal

PART 4  消费者的产品选择题型:选择+填空关键词:
robot consumerorder
回忆8:
阅读
第二篇:安慰剂的效应ThePower of Nothing
原文:
A
Want todevise a new form of alternative medicine? No problem. Here is the recipe. Bewarm, sympathetic, reassuring and enthusiastic. Your treatment should involve physicalcontact, and each session with your patients should last at least half an hour.Encourage your patients to take an active part in their treatment andunderstand how their disorders relate to the rest of their lives. Tell themthat their own bodies possess the true power to heal. Make them pay you out oftheir own pockets. Describe your treatment in familiar words, but embroideredwith a hint of mysticism: energy fields, energy flows, energy blocks,meridians, forces, auras, rhythms and the like. Refer to the knowledge of anearlier age: wisdom carelessly swept aside by the rise and rise of blind,mechanistic science. Oh, come off it, you are saying. Something invented offthe top of your head could not possibly work, could it?
B
Wellyes, it could – and often well enough to earn you a living. A good living ifyou are sufficiently convincing, or, better still, really believe in yourtherapy. Many illnesses get better on their own, so if you are lucky andadminister your treatment at just the right time you will get the credit. Butthat's only part of it. Some of the improvement really would be down to you.Your healing power would be the outcome of a paradoxical force thatconventional medicine recognizes but remains oddly ambivalent about: the placeboeffect.
C
Placebosare treatments that have no direct effect on the body, yet still work becausethe patient has faith in their power to heal. Most often the term refers to adummy pill, but it applies just as much to any device or procedure, from asticking plaster to a crystal to an operation. The existence of the placeboeffect implies that even quackery may confer real benefits, which is why anymention of placebo is a touchy subject for many practitioners of complementaryand alternative medicine, who are likely to regard it as tantamount to a chargeof charlatanism. In fact, the placebo effect is a powerful part of all medicalcare, orthodox or otherwise, though its role is often neglected ormisunderstood.
D
One ofthe great strengths of CAM may be its practioners' skill in deploying theplacebo effect to accomplish real healing."Complementary practitioners aremiles better at producing non-specific effects and good therapeuticrelationships,"says Edzard Ernst, professor of CAM at Exeter University.The question is whether CAM could be integrated into conventional medicine, assome would like, without losing much of this power.
E
At onelevel, it should come as no surprise that our state of mind can influence ourphysiology: anger opens the superficial blood vessels of the face; sadnesspumps the tear glands. But exactly how placebos work their medical magic isstill largely unknown. Most of the scant research done so far has focused onthe control of pain, because it's one of the commonest compaints and lendsitself to experimental study. Here, attention has turned to the dndorphins,morphine-like neurochemicals known to help control pain. 'Any of theneurochrmicals involved in transmitting pain impulses or modulating them mightalso be involved in generating the placebo response,' says Don Price, an oralsurgeon at the University of Florida who studies the placebo effect in dentalpain.
F
"Butendorphins are still out in front."That case has been strengthened by therecent work of Fabroizio Benedettil of the University of Turin, who showed thatthe placebo effect can be abolished by a drug, naloxone, which blocks theeffects of endorphins. Benedetti induced pain in human volunteers by inflatinga blood-pressure cuff on the forearm. He did this several times a day forseveral days, without saying anything, he replaced the morphine with a salinesolution. This still relieved the subjects' pain: a placebo effect. But when headded naloxone to the saline the pain relief disappeared. Here was direct proofthat placebo analgesia is mediated, at least in part, by these natural opiates.
G
Still,no one knows how belief triggers endorphin release, or why most people cannotachieve placebo pain relief simply by willing it. Though scientists do not knowhow exactly how placebos work, they have accumulated a fair bit of knowledgeabout how to trigger the effect. A London rheumatologist found, for example,that red dummy capsules made more effective painkillers than blue, green oryellow ones. Research on American students revealed that blue pills make bettersedatives than pink, a colour more suitable for stimulants. Even branding canmake a difference: if Aspro or Tylenol are what you like to take for aheadache, their chemically identical generic equivalents may be less effective.
H
Itmatters, too, how the treatment is delivered. Decades ago, when the majortranquillizer chlorpromazine was being introduced, a doctor in Kansascategorised his colleagues according to whether they were keen on it, openlyskeptical of its benefits, or took a "let's try and see" attitude.His conclusion: the more enthusiastic the doctor, the better the drugperformed. And this year Ernst surveyed published studies that compareddoctors' bedside manners. The studies turned up one consistent finding:"Physicians who adopt a warm, friendly and reassuring manner," hereported, "are more effective than those whose consultations are formaland do not offer reassurance."
I
Warm,friendly and reassuring are precisely CAM's strong suits, of course. Many ofthe ingredients of that opening recipe - the physical contact, the generousswathes of time, the strong hints of supernormal healing power - are just thekind of thing likely to impress patients. It's hardly surprising, then, thatcomplementary practitioners are generally best at mobilising the placeboeffect, says Arthur Kleinman, professor of social anthropology at HarvardUniversity.
QQ图片20211127160701.png
QQ图片20211127160723.png
QQ图片20211127160738.png

1-6 matching配对题
1. D【原文参考依据——A段第3行】each session with your patients = appointments,minimum length of time = at least half an hour.
2. A【原文参考依据——A段第6行】description of treatment = describe your treatment,easy to understand = familiar words.
3. G【原文参考依据——B段第二句】believe in your therapy = has faith in what he does,a good living = earn high income.
4. B【原文参考依据——B段第三行】get better on their own = improve by itself.
5. H【原文参考依据——B段第四行】B段第4行开始,(down to you 后面加上Not necessarily because you’d recommended ginseng rather than camomile tea or used this crystal as opposed to that pressure point.Nothing so specific)病人改善不是因为什么秘方,一切改善来自安慰剂效应。
6. F【原文参考依据——B段末句】conventional medicine = conventional medical doctors
7-9 选择题
7. A【原文参考依据——E段首句】At one level, it should come as no surprise that our state of mind can influence our physiology:anger opens the superficial blood vessels of the face; sadness pumps the tear glands.
8. D【原文参考依据——F段第二句】Most of the scant research to date has focused on the control of pain, because it’s one of the commonest complaints and lends itself to experimental study.
9. C【原文参考依据——G段第三行】the placebo effect can be abolished by a drug, naloxone, which blocks the effects of endorphins. block = neutralize抵消
10-14 判断题
10. FALSE【原文参考依据——H段第二句】Though scientists don’t know exactly how placebos work, they have accumulated a fair bit of knowledge about how to trigger the effect.
11. NOT GIVEN【原文参考依据——无】H段中间提到的是红假胶囊(red dummy capsules)比蓝色、绿色或黄色有更好的止痛效果。但是并没有提到红色药丸(red pills)的问题
12. TRUE【原文参考依据——H段末句】Even branding can make a difference: if Aspro or Tylenol are what you like to take for a headache, their chemically identical generic equicalents may be less effective.
13. TRUE【原文参考依据——I段第三行】I段开头定位到那个药被引进,然后往下看就是医生们一系列的观点。whether they were keen on it, openly sceptical of its benefits,or took a “let’s try and see” attitude。
14. FALSE【原文参考依据——J段倒数第三行】It’s hardly surprising, then, that complementary practitioners are generally best at mobilising the placebo effect. 文中说的是辅助医生通常都很擅长激发安慰剂效应。mobilising调动,激发。
回忆9:
回忆10:



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