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[国内外] 2021年10月16日中国大陆雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总

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发表于 2021-10-16 15:29:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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2021年10月16日中国大陆雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)
回忆1:
小作文:饼状图
大作文:讨论双方观点
Developing countries require help offered by international organizations to ensure healthy and sustainable development. Some people think that financial aid is important. Others, however, believe practical aid and advice is more important Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
回忆2:
雅思阅读部分
第一篇:贸易船竞争

第二篇:IQ
题型:匹配+填空
14-18 人物匹配
14.对应James
15.对应 Robert H
16.对应Thomas
17.对应John R
18.对应John R
19-22 段落匹配
19.E
20.A
21.B
22.F
23-26 填空
23.mid-1980s
24.Raven's matrices
25.language
26.countries
(答案和顺序可能不正确,欢迎来留言区讨论~)

版本二智力测验智商 IQ

About an IQ test for human. About ahuula (feather cape)
14-18) matching List of people 人物-观点配对题
14科技对于人类智商的某些方面产生了影响 答案是James
15 IQ scores 也许达到了它本质的极限 答案是 Robert H
16 饮食 diet 的改善对于智力能力是有积极影响的 答案是Thomas
17 超凡的个体会对collective intelligence 集体智力产生影响 答案是John R
18随着社会变得越来越进步,对于解决问题能力的需求就随之上升 答案是 John R
Question 19-22 段落细节包含题
19哪一段出现对一组特定人群进行挑选的过程叙述 答案是E
20 哪一段出现针对智商分数不同解决等趋势和概述 答案是A
21 哪一段出现对于一个视觉空间测试的组成测试的描述答案是B
22 哪一段出现一个 对于智商分数负面作用的影响的例子答案是F
Question 23-26 填空题
23科学家弗林在mid-1980s进行的研究表明,人类智商不断提高。
24弗林发现一种测量视觉空间技能的被称为 Raven's matrices
25弗林他发现而在IQ分数在数字和 language 部分的增长相对不那么剧烈。
26 弗林在最新的研究的在其他 countries 研究结果,都与他早期的发现一致。

第三篇:旅游业的发展
回忆3:
雅思听力部分
Part 1 游客调查
题型:填空
1. original reason: conference
2. present reason: wedding
3. 出行是by coach
4. 住宿:small camp/apartment
5. 不满意的地方:meat太少了,只有鸡肉
6. 有没有推荐的优点:no insect
7. 周围环境:noisy
8. nice to have a cinema
9. occupation: cook
10. dream place: India

Part 2 图书馆和图书摆放介绍
题型:地图+匹配
11-16 地图
QQ图片20211016154909.jpg
11. Gardening book: H
12. art books: I
13. cookery: C
14. biography: F
15. children’s reading area: E
16. self-helping book: A
17-20 匹配题
书的内容和评价
17. penny’s: 选has good illustration
18. the hidden: 选a real story
19. orange moon: 选come from a part of a series
20. running boy: 选award-winning

Part 3 慢时尚
题型:选择+匹配
21-24 选择
21. how did Jay and Becky select the clothes they have chosen to discuss?
A. they picked some items from a catalogue
22. Jay and Becky learned that the … was introduced
B. to oppose mass production
23. what do they agree would be the best way
C. focus on financial savings
24. what do they say they have learned from the project
A. the influence that it is having now
25-30 匹配
25. boots: E. high-quality material
26. women’s jacket: A. only for formal wear
27. coat: B. following a colour trend
28. women’s shirt: C. easy to clean
29. trainers: D. not well made
30. skirt: G. reasonably price

Part 4 海豚介绍
题型:填空
31. advantage: live in clean water
32. advantage: hunting is not allowed
33. disadvantage: severe weather
34. habitat
35. find out if the two dolphins are related
36. human activities can contribute to population declines
37. the population of the two dolphins
38. colors of the fins
39. water pollution
40. noisy disturbances
回忆4:
阅读
第一篇:
贸易船竞争

第二篇:
Does An IQ Test Prove Creativity? (IQ智商测试)
Everyone has creativity, some a lot more than others. The development of humans, and possibly the universe, depends on it. Yet creativity is an elusive creature. What do we mean by it? What is going on in our brains when ideas form? Does it feel the same for artists and scientists? We asked writers and neuroscientists, pop stars and AI gurus ( 人工智能专家)to try to deconstruct the creative process-and learn how we can all ignite the spark within.
A
In the early 1970s, creativity was still seen as a type of intelligence. But when more subtle tests of IQ and creative skills were developed in the 1970s, particularly by the father of creativity testing, Paul Torrance, it became clear that the link was not so simple. Creative people are intelligent, in terms of IQ tests at least, but only averagely or just above. While it depends on the discipline, in general beyond a certain level IQ does not help boost creativity; it is necessary but not sufficient to make someone creative.
B
Because of the difficulty of studying the actual process, most early attempts to study creativity concentrated on personality. According to creativity specialist Mark Runco of California State University, Fullerton, the “creative personality” tends to place a high value on aesthetic ( 审美的)qualities and to have broad interests, providing lots of resources to draw on and knowledge to recombine into novel solutions. “Creatives” have an attraction to complexity and an ability to handle conflict. They are also usually highly self-motivated, perhaps even a little obsessive. Less creative people, on the other hand, tend to become irritated ( 被激怒的)if they cannot immediately fit all the pieces together. They are less tolerant of confusion. Creativity comes to those who wait, but only to those who are happy to do so in a bit of a fog.
C
But there may be a price to pay for having a creative personality. For centuries, a link has been made between creativity and mental illness ( 精神病).Psychiatrist ( 精神病学家)Jamison of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, found that established artists are significantly more likely to have mood disorders. But she also suggests that a change of mood state might be the key to triggering a creative event, rather than the negative mood itself. Intelligence can help channel this thought style into great creativity, but when combined with emotional problems, lateral ( 侧向的), divergent ( 发散的)or open thinking can lead to mental illness instead.
D
Jordan Peterson, a psychologist at the University of Toronto, Canada, believes he has identified a mechanism ( 机理)that could help explain this. He says that the brains of creative people seem more open to incoming stimuli ( 刺激) than less creative types. Our senses are continuously feeding a mass of information into our brains, which have to block or ignore most of it to save us from being snowed under. Peterson calls this process latent inhibition, and argues that people who have less of it, and who have a reasonably high IQ with a good working memory can juggle more of the data, and so may be open to more possibilities and ideas. The downside of extremely low latent inhibition may be a confused thought style that predisposes people to mental illness. So for Peterson, mental illness is not a prerequisite for creativity, but it shares some cognitive traits.
E
But what of the creative act itself? One of the first studies of the creative brain at work was by Colin Martindale, a psychologist from the University of Maine in Orono. Back in 1978, he used a network of scalp electrodes to record an electroencephalogram ( 脑电图),a record of the pattern of brain waves, as people made up stories. Creativity has two stages: inspiration and elaboration, each characterised by very different states of mind. While people were dreaming up their stories, he found their brains were surprisingly quiet. The dominant activity was alpha waves, indicating a very low level of cortical ( 大脑皮层的)arousal: a relaxed state, as though the conscious mind was quiet while the brain was making connections behind the scenes. It’s the same sort of brain activity as in some stages of sleep, dreaming or rest, which could explain why sleep and relaxation can help people be creative. However, when these quietminded people were asked to work on their stories, the alpha wave activity dropped off and the brain became busier, revealing increased cortical arousal, more corralling of activity and more organised thinking. Strikingly, it was the people who showed the biggest difference in brain activity between the inspiration and development stages who produced the most creative storylines. Nothing in their background brain activity marked them as creative or uncreative. “It’s as if the less creative person can’t shift gear,” says Guy Claxton, a psychologist at the University of Bristol, UK. “Creativity requires
different kinds of thinking. Very creative people move between these states intuitively.” Creativity, it seems, is about mental flexibility: perhaps not a twostep process, but a toggling between two states. In a later study, Martindale found that communication between the sides of the brain is also important.
F
Paul Howard-Jones, who works with Claxton at Bristol, believes he has found another aspect of creativity. He asked people to make up a story based on three words and scanned ( 扫描)their brains using functional magnetic resonance imaging. In one trial, people were asked not to try too hard and just report the most obvious story suggested by the words. In another, they were asked to be inventive. He also varied the words so it was easier or harder to link them. As people tried harder and came up with more creative tales, there was a lot more activity in a particular prefrontal brain ( 脑前额叶)region on the right-hand side. These regions are probably important in monitoring for conflict, helping us to filter out many of of combining the words and allowing us to pull out just the desirable connections, Howard-Jones suggests. It shows that there is another side to creativity, he says. The story-making task, particularly when we are stretched, produces many options which we have to assess. So part of creativity is a conscious ( 有意识的)process of evaluating and analysing ideas. The test also shows that the more we try and are stretched, the more creative our minds can be.
G
And creativity need not always be a solitary ( 孤独的, 独 立的), tortured affair, according to Teresa Amabile of Harvard Business School. Though there is a slight association between solitary writing or painting and negative moods or emotional disturbances, scientific creativity and workplace creativity seem much more likely to occur when people are positive and buoyant ( 轻快的).In a decade-long study of real businesses, to be published soon, Amabile found that positive moods relate positively to creativity in organisations, and that the relationship is a simple linear one. Creative thought also improves people’s moods, her team found, so the process is circular ( 循环传递的).Time pressures, financial pressures and hard-earned bonus schemes on the other
hand, do not boost workplace creativity: internal motivation, not coercion, produces the best work.
H
Another often forgotten aspect of creativity is social. Vera John-Steiner of the University of New Mexico says that to be really creative you need strong social networks and trusting relationships, not just active neural networks. One vital characteristic of a highly creative person, she says, is that they have at least one other person in their life who doesn’t think they are completely nuts ( 疯子).

参考答案:
28.   FALSE:题干guarantee错;原文二not necessarily
29.   NOT GIVEN:
30.   TRUE:原文见B段第5行
30题C段4-6段a wider range of= lots of   recombine to=integrate into
31.   TRUE:原文见D段最后两行
D段的最后一句话: mental illness不是creativity的先决条件,所以not necessarily suffer
32.   A  原文见C段
C段倒数第五行是mood state trigger creative , rather than negative mood itself creative thinking(activity,practice)=creative event
33.   E原文见G段
34.   F原文见H段social networks人脉关系
35.   C原文见E段最后4行
35:demand=require
36.    D原文见F段前半段
37.     scalpel ectrodes
38.     Inspiration and elaboration
39.     alpha wave activity/alpha waves
定位词:quiet-minded F段15行。
原文dropped off与选项went down同义替换
E段正数第九行“the dominant activity was alpha waves'.定义很清晰,alpha waves =activity, alpha wave activity
40.   difference  (P11倒数第5-6行)
40 F段11页倒数6行biggest=more   two stages=inspiration
and development stages

第三篇:
旅游业的发展
回忆5:
小作文:饼图
1991~2000年人们去英国图书馆的原因对比

大作文:
Some people think financial aid from international organizations is important for developing conutries. Others believe that practical aid and advice is more important. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
回忆6:
听力
Part 1:旅游经历
题型:填空
1. conference
2. wedding
3. coach
4. camp
5. meat
6. insects
7. noisy
8. cinema
9. cook
10. India

Part2:图书馆布局和书籍介绍
题型:地图+配对

11. H
12. J
13. C
14. F
15. E
16. A

匹配
17. has good illustrations
18. based on a real story
19. come from and part of a series
20. award-winning

Part 3:慢时尚
题型:单选+配对
选择
21. how did Jay and Becky select the clothes they have chosen to discuss?
——A. they picked some items from a catalogue
22. Jay and Becky learned that the … was introduced
——B. to oppose mass production
23. what do they agree would be the best way
——C. focus on financial savings
24. what do they say they have learned from the project
——A. the influence that it is having now

匹配
25. boots —— E. high-quality material
26. women’s jacket —— A. only for formal wear
27. coat —— B. following a colour trend
28. women’s shirt —— C. easy to clean
29. trainers —— D. not well made
30. skirt —— G. reasonably price

Part 4:海豚的介绍
题型:填空
31. clean
32. hunting
33. weather
34. related
35. environment
36. human
37. colors
38. population
39. pollution
40. noise
回忆7:
听力
QQ图片20211016154758.png

QQ图片20211016154818.png

QQ图片20211016154836.png
回忆8:
回忆9:
回忆10:



2021109雅思考试总体反馈:重磅!2021109雅思考试IRP在最重点命中三部分听力3 sections原文原题原答案!命中阅读原文原题原答案!精准命中大小作文原题范文!命中口语绝大部分真题原题答案!总体难度适中2021109雅思听说读写全面大中,全面开花!(疫情期间,全球不同考区时差、A类、G类考生回忆数据比较少、收集不够齐全,待补充,还在不断更新中…)祝贺IRP会员将出现不少雅思高分人才!总体反馈请(复制链接)进入
特别提醒:雅思考试20多年来,有非常严格的规律性和出题思路。全世界有6大考区,而只有一个剑桥考试中心几个人在出题,每个考区一周平均要出一份考卷,一个月很多考区平均出24份考卷。(尤其是2019-2021年以来,全世界各考区和众多城市开始增加雅思机考的选择,机考的城市几乎每天都有雅思考试,一个月考官要出20几份雅思机考卷子,机考跟传统纸质考试的区别只是纸质和电脑上考试的区别,考试内容、评分标准、难度等级、考试题型、考试安全设置等方面均与现行的纸笔模式完全一致。)雅思考试如此频繁,如何保证达到难度一样呢,如何保证新题难度、准确度和评价机制公平呢,所以只能是20几年来的题库旧题目的有效组合,新题不能超出5%-10%,每份雅思卷子都是90%-99%以上旧题。每一份雅思考试试题其实是大部分旧题原题真题+个别新题目的重新组合,多年雅思考官和专家Edward老师非常熟悉雅思出题规律和听说读写题库出题组合卷子的秘诀,IRP资料因此而诞生!紧跟考情雅思真题预测答案!IRP听说读写全套!场场命中90%-100%!精准小范围!

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