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高考英语热点话题及词汇、短语、句型

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发表于 2021-9-29 11:19:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
高考英语热点话题及词汇、短语、句型

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9个热点话题:
1. Traffic and Protecting Environment(交通与环保);
2. The Popular Science Knowledge and Science Technology(科普知识与科学技术);
3. Reduce Pressure(减压);
4. Shopping(购物)
人们的生活节奏越来越快,网上购物已经成为了大众生活中不可缺少的一部分;
5. Travelling(旅游)
现代人的生活压力都很大,所以人们喜欢通过旅游来缓解压力;
6. Network(网络)
现在很多,让学生正反两个方面谈论一下在业余时间该不该上网, 并说出原因;
7. Safety awareness(安全意识)
为了进一步增强中学生的安全意识,提高自我保护能力;
8. Save Food and Eat Healthily(节约食物与健康饮食 )
目前,我国政府号召全民“拒绝浪费,文明用餐”;
9. Nature(自然)
在我们身边,经常有自然灾害发生。

30个话题常用单词:
1. brand品牌
2. economy经济
3. democracy民主
4. hurricane飓风
5. earthquake地震
6. flood洪水
7. typhoon台风
8. volcano火山
9. afford 负担得起
10. subprime crisis次贷危机
11. apply申请
12. fashion时尚
13. in debt欠债
14. cash wireless无线
15. household appliance家用电器
16. surf the Internet上网
17. achievements of China中国的成就
18. natural disaster自然灾害
19. flu (influenza)流感
20. financial crisis经济危机
21. credit card信用卡
22. Beijing Olympics北京奥运会
23. IT (information technology )信息科技
24. pollution污染
25. global warming全球变暖
26. Korean wave/trend韩流
27. private cars私家车
28. TV shopping电视购物
29. influence影响
30. the reform and opening-up policy改革开放政策

60个话题常用短语:

1.express service快递服务
2. online payment网络支付
3. scientific invention科学发明
4. double-edged sword双刃剑
5. energy crisis能源危机
6. unprecedented前所未有的
7. aggravate使恶化
8. technical innovation科技创新
9. antithetical与…背道而驰的
10. exhaust gas废气
11. potential hazards潜在危险
12. scientific exploration科学探索
13. milestone里程碑
14. speedy and comfortable快捷舒适
15.convenient and efficient方便快捷
16. promote relative industries促进相关产业发展
17. a sense of national pride民族自豪感
18. pose a threat to…对… 有威胁
19. collect / impose / levy tax 增税
20. means of transportation交通手段
21. environment-friendly resources 环保资源
22.green energy环保能源
23. human civilization人类文明
24.mainstream culture主流文化
25. local customs and practices风土人情
26. carry forward 继承,发扬…
27. artistic reflection艺术反映
28. artistic standards艺术水准
29. cultural diversity文化多元化
30. place of interest名胜
31. spiritual civilization精神文明
32. national identity and value民族特性和价值观
33. be closely interrelated with…与…有密切关系
34. cross-cultural communication跨文化交流
35. achievements of art艺术成就
36. preserve the cultural relics保护文化遗产
37.settle down effective laws制定出积极有效的法律
38. impose restrictions on …对…实施限制
39. popularization of cars汽车普及
40. observe (break) traffic regulations遵守 (违反) 交通规则
41. get stuck in traffic遇上堵车 (get stuck in a traffic jam)
42. rush hour上下班高峰时段
43. ease the traffic pressure缓解交通压力
44. pedestrian行人  
45. pavement人行道
46. zebra crossing斑马线
47. overspeed超速行驶
48. speed limits限速
49. make full use of …充分利用
50. road networks公路网
51. bottleneck瓶颈
52. automobile industry汽车工业
53. pollution-free fuel无污染燃料
54. pay a heavy price付出惨痛的代价
55. settle down effective laws 制定出积极有效的法律
56. enhance the quality of life提高生活质量
57. make rapid progress取得快速的进步
58. see dramatic breakthroughs取得突破性进展
59. give a great push to the economic growth促进经济发展
60. earth-shaking changes翻天覆地的改变
61. pave the way for the future development 为未来的发展铺平道路
62. lay a solid foundation for…为……打下坚实的基础
63. depletion of resources能源消耗
64. boost / promote the economic development极大地推动了经济发展
65. make people’s life easier (more convenient) 使人们生活更便捷

20个话题常用句型:

1. Proper measures must be taken to limit the number of foreign tourists and the great efforts should be made to protect local environment and history from the harmful effects of international tourism.应该采取适当的措施限制外国旅游者的数量,努力保护当地环境和历史不受国际旅游业的不利影响。
2 An increasing number of experts believe that migrants will exert positive effects on construction of city. 越来越多的专家相信移民对城市的建设起到积极作用。
3.However, this opinion is now being questioned by more and more city residents, who complain that the migrants have brought many serious problems like crime and drug.然而,越来越多的城市居民却怀疑这种说法,他们抱怨民工给城市带来了许多严重的问题,像犯罪和吸毒。
4. Many city residents complain that it is so few buses in their city that they have to spend much more time waiting for a bus, which is usually crowded with a large number of passengers.许多市民抱怨城市的公交车太少,以至于他们要花很长时间等一辆公交车,而车上可能已满载乘客。
5. There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extremely serious problem: the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的问题:城市当局应该采取有力措施来解决它。
6. An investigation shows that female workers tend to have a favorable attitude toward retirement.一项调查显示妇女欢迎退休。
7. According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.依照最近的一项调查,每年有4 000 000人死于与吸烟有关的疾病。
8. Any government, which is blind to this point, may pay a heavy price.任何政府忽视这一点都将付出巨大的代价。
9. In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures should be taken before things get worse.考虑到问题的严重性,在事态进一步恶化之前,必须采取有效的措施。
10. It is indisputable that there are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure.无可争辩,现在有成千上万的人仍过着挨饿受冻的痛苦生活。
11. In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past.在过去的几十年,先进的医疗技术已经使得人们比过去活得时间更长成为可能。
12. In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself.事实上,我们必须承认生命的质量和生命本身一样重要。
13. This is a matter of life and death—a matter no country can afford to ignore.这是一个关系到生死的问题,任何国家都不能忽视。
14. This view is now being questioned by more and more people.这一观点正受到越来越多的人的质疑。
15. Environmental experts point out that the increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet.环境学家指出:持续增加的污染不仅会导致像全球变暖这样严重的问题,而且还将威胁到人类在这个星球的生存。
16. Despite many obvious advantages of bicycle, it is not without its problem.尽管自行车有许多明显的优点,它仍然存在一些问题。
17. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that advantages of bicycle far outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play essential roles in modern society.通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论:自行车的优点远大于缺点,并且在现代社会它仍将发挥重要作用。
18. These days, people in growing numbers are beginning to complain that work is more stressful and less leisurely than in past. 现在,越来越多的人们开始抱怨工作比以前更有压力。
19.Many experts point out that, along with the development of modern society, it is an inevitable result and there is no way to avoid it.许多专家指出这是现代社会发展的必然结果,无法避免。
20. No invention has received more praise and abuse than Internet.没有一项发明像互联网一样同时受到如此多的赞扬和批评。




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