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[国内外] 2021年8月21日中国大陆雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说

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发表于 2021-8-17 10:37:43 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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2021年8月21日中国大陆雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)
回忆1:
小作文:typical Japanese office 和American office比较,两个layout 图  
大作文:scientific research should be carried out and controlled by governments rather than private companies
回忆2:
T1是美日的办公室
T2是科研由国家管控而不是私企,同意或不同意
回忆3:
阅读
第一个好像是tunnels under Thames
第二个是children的advertisement
第三个是travelling plants
回忆4:
小作文:布局图(地图题)
layout of Japanese office and American office

大作文:
Scientific research should be carried out and controlled by governments rather than private companies. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
回忆5:
阅读
Passage1 Tunnels under Thames
文章大意:英国有必要建造一条连接南北的地下管道,一个叫Trevithick的专家在没有前人的经验下领队动工,但是由于现有技术的局限性导致终止了工程。之后,另一个叫Brunel的专家也尝试建造,但是由于他的设计催在空气污染等问题,并且他在建造过程中缺少资金,最后这个隧道停工了。之后,基于这些经验,描述了泰晤士河下地下管道建设的现状。

TheTunnel Under the Thames
   At the beginning of the 19th century, theport of London was the busiest in the world. Cargoes that had traveledthousands of miles, and survived all the hazards of the sea, piled up on thewharves of Rotherhitheonly for their owners to discoverthat the slowest, most frustrating portion of their journey often lay ahead ofthem. Consignments intended for the southern (and most heavily populated) partsof Britain had to be heaved onto creaking ox carts and hauled through thedocklands and across London Bridge, which had been built in the 12th centuryand was as cramped and impractical as its early date implied. By 1820, it hadbecome the center of the worlds largest traffic jam.
  It was a situation intolerable to a citywith London s pride, and it was clear that if privateenterprise could build another crossing closer to the docks, there would be atidy profit to be made in tolls. Another bridge was out of the questionit would deny sailing ships access to the Pool of Londonand ambitious men turned their thoughts to driving a tunnel beneath theThames instead. This was not such an obvious idea as it might appear. Althoughdemand for coal was growing fast as the industrial revolution hit high gear,working methods remained primitive. Tunnels were dug by men wielding picks insputtering candlelight.
  No engineers had tunneled under a majorriver, and the Thames was an especially tricky river. To the north, London wasbuilt on a solid bed of clay, ideal tunneling material. To the south and east,however, lay deeper strata of water-bearing sand, gravel and oozing quicksand,all broken up by layers of gravel, silt, petrified trees and the debris ofancient oyster beds. The ground was semi-liquid, and at depth it became highlypressurized, threatening to burst into any construction site.
  The chief engineer of this first tunnelproject was a muscular giant named Richard Trevithick, a self-educated man whohad progressed from youthful fame as a Cornish wrestler by displaying adazzling talent for invention. Trevithick had harnessed steam power to drivethe first self-propelled engine to run on rails and designed the world s first high-pressure steam engine. He was convinced that a tunnel could behacked out under the Thames relatively easily. It did not take long for him torealize he was wrong. Trevithicks men made fine progress whiletunneling through London clay, but once they got under the Thames they hadconstant trouble. Their pilot tunnel was just five feet high and three feetwide, and sewage-laden water seeped in from the river, thirty feet above theirheads, at the rate of 20 gallons a minute. Within this narrow space threeminers worked on their knees, one hewing at the face with his pick, anotherclearing away the sodden earth, the third shoring up the drift with timbers.Working conditions during the six-hour shifts were appalling; the men weresoaked with sweat and river water, no one could stand or stretch, and thetunnel was so poorly ventilated that the fetid air sometimes extinguished thecandles.
  At that time, the only machines used inmines were pumps. It took a man of genius to recognize that a different sort ofmachine was needed a machine that could both preventthe roof and walls from collapsing and hold back any quicksand or water at thetunnel face. This man was Marc Brunel, an emigré who had fled his nativeFrance during the Revolution and quickly made a name for himself as one of themost prominent engineers in Britain. Not long after the failure of the ThamesArchway Company, Brunel happened to be wandering through the Royal Dockyard atChatham when he noticed a rotten piece of ships timber lying on the quay.Examining the wood through a magnifying glass, he observed that it had beeninfested with the dreaded teredo, or shipworm, whose rasping jaws can riddle a woodenship with holes. As it burrows, this worm (it is actually a mollusk) shoves pulped wood into its mouth anddigests it, excreting a hard, brittle residue that lines the tunnel it hasexcavated and renders it safe from predators.
  From then on the project proved ever moredifficult. Brunel s machine could cope with thesodden mud and dry gravel that his miners encountered nearly as well as clay,but he ran short of funds. The economies that followed left the shaft waspoorly drained and ventilated, and miners were poisoned by the polluted riverwater or afflicted by illnesses ranging from diarrhea and constant headaches totemporary blindness. Most of Brunels workers complained of feelingsuffocated and tormented by temperatures that could plunge or rise by as muchas 30 degrees Fahrenheit within an hour. One miner died of disease.
  Brunel s triumph was only partial. Onceagain his companys funds were at a low ebb, and the tens ofthousands of penny-a-head visitors hardly paid the interest on the governmentloan There was never enough to complete the approaches to the tunnel and makeit accessible to horse-drawn vehicles, as intended. Instead, the passagewayswere filled with souvenir-sellers by day and by the citys homeless at night. For a penny toll, vagrants could bed down under Brunels arches in what became known as the Hades Hotel.
  It was only when the underground railwaycame to London in the 1860s that the Thames Tunnel achieved a measure of realusefulness. Purchased by the East London Railway in 1869, it was found to be insuch excellent condition that it was immediately be pressed into servicecarrying steam-driven trains at first along the Brighton lineand later from Wapping to New Cross. The tunnel became, and remains, part ofthe London Underground network. It is a tribute to Trevithick and Bruneland mute testimony to the difficulties of tunneling in London
that it remained the only subway line so far to the east until the openingof the Jubilee Line Extension in 1999.

题型:判断+填空
1 -8 判断
1. NOT GIVEN
2. TRUE
3. TURE
4. FALSE
5. TURE
6. NOT GIVEN
7. 待补充
8. FALSE

9-13  Summary填空
9. technique
10. solidarity
11. headaches
12. accidents
13. government
(答案和顺序可能会不对,欢迎来留言区讨论~)

Passage2: 儿童广告
题型:匹配+填空+选择
14-20 匹配
待回忆

21-23 填空
21.role-play
22.selling
23.persuasive intend

24-25 选择
24.E
25.B
(答案和顺序可能会不对,欢迎来留言区讨论~)

Passage3:植物传播种子的方式
回忆6:
听力
P1:找工作
题型:填空
1.Meehan
2.recruitment
3.29 October
4.weekends
5.math
6.vision
7.awareness
8.customers
9.food
10. 6 months

P2:海边小岛的流行项目
题型:单选+填空+多选
11 - 13 单选
11. A reception
12. B water-skiing
13. C safety helmet

14 - 17 填空
14. families
15. person
16.  50

18-20 多选
18.C
19.D
20. E

P3:两个学生讨论用塑料做的case study
题型:选择+匹配
待回忆

P4:关于大猩猩行为的研究
题型:填空+选择
31- 38 填空
31. genetic
32. tools
33. stone
34. river
35. open
36. observation
37. skills
38. density
39 -40 选择
39. C
40. A
回忆7:
雅思听力部分
Part 1 求职场景
题型:填空
1. contact: Sara Meehan
2. department: recruitment
3. occasional night shifts
4. basic requirement: English and maths/math/mathematics
5. date: 29 October
6. good vision
7. helping customers
8. preparing food
9. cultural awareness
10. the man’s working experience in café: 6 months

Part 2 景点介绍
题型:单选+填空+多选
11-13 单选
11. where is the information board?
A. reception desk
12. which sport you must book in advance?
B. water-skiing
13. ticket includes?
B. a map of cave
14-17 填空
14. be recommended for families outside traveling to safari park
15. children are permitted to feed animals
16. red kangaroo is larger than a person
17. crocodile can live at least 50 years
18-20 多选
18-20. What can tourists do in the inland region?
B. buy some souvenirs
C. visit farms
E. visit cheese production


Part 3 塑料案例研究
答案缺失

Part 4 大猩猩研究
题型:填空+选择
31-38 填空
31. Rule out genetic and biological factors
32. Chimpanzee knows how to make tools
33. use a stone hammer to crash nuts
34. on the other side of the river
35. can open shell/hull of a …
36. learn through observation of each other’s behaviors
37. considerable skills
38. alarmingly decreased population density
39-40 选择
39. Chimpanzees learn things by
C. chimpanzee has very strong ability of logical thinking
40. other conclusion of this passage
A. developed behavior over some generations
回忆8:
小作文:布局图(地图题)
layout of Japanese office and American office

大作文:
Scientific research should be carried out and controlled by governments rather than private companies. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

建议思路:同意

政府控制:
1. 科学研究方向更能符合国家的经济发展需求。国家可以根据大数据确定国民和国家更需要哪方面的研究,比如医疗,生活等。不至于造成过多的浪费。
2. 环境安全更有保障。政府同意管控科学研究可以避免很多非法的污染,从而减少对环境的破坏

私人公司搞研究:
有人认为符合公司发展方向的研究公司也可以自主研究,不过最好还是在政府的同意监管下进行,这样有利于保障研究的合法性和安全性。
回忆9:
回忆10:



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特别提醒:雅思考试20多年来,有非常严格的规律性和出题思路。全世界有6大考区,而只有一个剑桥考试中心几个人在出题,每个考区一周平均要出一份考卷,一个月很多考区平均出24份考卷。(尤其是2019-2021年以来,全世界各考区和众多城市开始增加雅思机考的选择,机考的城市几乎每天都有雅思考试,一个月考官要出20几份雅思机考卷子,机考跟传统纸质考试的区别只是纸质和电脑上考试的区别,考试内容、评分标准、难度等级、考试题型、考试安全设置等方面均与现行的纸笔模式完全一致。)雅思考试如此频繁,如何保证达到难度一样呢,如何保证新题难度、准确度和评价机制公平呢,所以只能是20几年来的题库旧题目的有效组合,新题不能超出5%-10%,每份雅思卷子都是90%-99%以上旧题。每一份雅思考试试题其实是大部分旧题原题真题+个别新题目的重新组合,多年雅思考官和专家Edward老师非常熟悉雅思出题规律和听说读写题库出题组合卷子的秘诀,IRP资料因此而诞生!紧跟考情雅思真题预测答案!IRP听说读写全套!场场命中90%-100%!精准小范围!

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