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[国内外] 2021年1月23日、1月21日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总...

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发表于 2021-1-19 11:29:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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2021年1月23日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)
回忆1:
小作文:地图题
大作文:同意与否
When you learn a foreign language, all four skills (listening, reading, speaking, writing) are equally important. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
回忆2:
雅思阅读部分
第一篇:草药
第二篇;环境保护
第三篇:儿童符号行为研究
回忆3:
雅思听力部分
Part 1 求职场景
题型:填空
1. act as a leader
2. sport: tennis
3. last for 8 weeks with a chance to travel
4. start of June
5. need training in the first week
6. age: above 18
7. salary: 985
8. need to pay his own insurance
9. register with the police in the UK
10. have a discount

Part 2 航海Lutta船的历史
题型:选择+匹配
11-15 选择
11. 1901年Lutta船有什么变化?
A. add sail
12. 最终船的航行计划
B. around the world (global trip)
13. 航行过程中出了什么问题?
A. loss of an instrument
14. 船开到一个叫做***的地方去做什么?
B. let people see it
15. 船最终去了哪里?
C. Victoria
16-20 匹配
16. 第一艘船:A. help steer the boat
17. 第二艘船:B. observe marine animals
18. 第三艘船:C. observe bird life
19. 第四艘船:E. take vehicles with them
20. 第五艘船:F. learn about marine history

Part 3 医药课程讨论
题型:填空+选择
21-24 填空
21. teacher asked why they did not choose nursing/clinic. The man said the diploma course is too difficult
22. choosing operation need to firstly learn biology
23. if they choose health course, they will work together with young people
24. one course later on work specializing in disability/disabled people
25-30 选择
25. What Mr. Fraser suppose them to do
B. focusing on one subject
26. Millie thinks the professor of the course
B. international/worldwide reputation
27. the textbook of the course
A. written by this school
28. the university has recently spent money on
A. upgrading the buildings for medical school
29. the most important thing is to
C. ask it by yourself and know about the tutor
30. in the end, they decided to
C. remain uncertain

Part 4 人类记忆
题型:填空(答案缺失,欢迎大家留言回忆)
31. write
32. artificial
回忆4:
小作文地图
大作文When you learn a foreign language, all four skills(listening,reading,speaking,writing)is equal importan. To extent you agree or dissagree 题目应该是这样
回忆5:
阅读
1是herb?草药。2是一个环境保护的问题。3是symbol 儿童
回忆6:
小作文:地图;大作文:学外语听说读写是不是一样重要?
回忆7:
小作文:地图
对比2004年和2014年同一地点的古建筑变化和特点

大作文:
同意与否
When you learn a foreign language, all four skills (listening, reading, speaking, writing) are equally important. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

【参考思路】
同样重要的原因:
Complementary one another 互补关系,学好其中一种技能,另一种也能提升。比如阅读技能好,吸收了许多词汇和表达以及思路,那么写作也可以收益。相反,一种不好,其他技能也会受影响,比如口语发音错误,听力也难以准确辨音。所以在一般语言培训和测试中四项技能都被视为同等重要。

不一样重要的原因:
Variance in learning context 由于不同学习的场景,四项技能的重要性不一样,比如在针对高等教育的语言技能培养中,往往阅读和写作更加重要,因为大学和研究生乃至博士阶段对于学生的能够阅读大量晦涩的文献, 以及写作长篇学术文章两项能力要求非常高。再比如在空乘人员语言技能培养课程中,口语和听力更加重要。

结论:
是否同样重要是基于不同的学习场景而言。
回忆8:
阅读
Passage 1: 药草的文献记录演变史

Passage 2:
Pollution in the Bay(海湾污染)
原文:
A
Pouring water into the sea soundsharmless enough. But in Florida Bay, alarge and shallow section of the Gulf ofMexico that lies between the southern end of the Everglades (n.沼泽地)and the Florida Keys,it is proving highly controversial. That is because researchers are dividedover whether it will help or hinder the plants and animals that live in thebay.
B
What is at risk is the future of the bay’s extensive beds of sea grasses.These grow on the bay’s muddy floor and act as nurseries for the larvae (n.幼虫)of shrimps, lobstersand fish—many of them important sport and commercial fishing species. Also indanger is an impressive range of coral reefs that run the length of the FloridaKeys and form the third-largest barrier reef in the world. Since the 1980s,coral cover has dropped by 40%, and a third of the coral species have gone.This has had a damaging effect on the animals that depend on the reef, such ascrabs, turtles and nearly 600 species of fish.
C
What is causing such ecological change is a matter of much debate. And theanswer is of no small consequence. This is because the American government isplanning to devote $8 billion over the next 30 years to revitalizing theEverglades. Seasonal freshwater flows into the Everglades are to be restored inorder to improve the region’s health. But they will then run off into the bay.
D
Joseph Zeeman, a marine ecologist at the University of Virginia, thinks this isa good idea. He believes that a lack of freshwater in the bay is its mainproblem. The blame, he says, lies with a century of drainage (n.排水系统 in the Everglades aimed at turning the marshes intofarmland and areas for development. This has caused the flow of freshwater intoFlorida Bay to dwindle, making the water in the bay, overall, more saline.This, he argues, kills the sea grasses, and as these rot, nutrients arereleased that feed the microscopic plants and animals that live in the water.This, he says, is why the bay’s once crystal-clear waters often resemble a peasoup. And in a vicious circle, these turbid blooms block out sunlight, causingmore sea grasses to die and yet more turbidity.
E
Brian Lapointe, a marine scientist at the Harbour Branch Oceanographic Institutionat Fort Pierce in Florida, disagrees. He thinks sea grasses can tolerate much  higher  levels  of  salinity  than the  bay  actually  displays. Furthermore, he notes that, whenfreshwater flows through the Everglades were increased experimentally in the1990s, it led to massive plankton blooms. Freshwater running off fromwell-fertilized ( 肥沃 farmlands, he says,caused a fivefold rise in nitrogen levels in the bay. This was like pouringfuel on a fire. The result was mass mortality of sea grasses because ofincreased turbidity (n. 浑池度)from the plankton. Dr Lapointe adds that, because coralsthrive only in waters where nutrient levels are low, restoring freshwater richin nitrogen will do more damage to the reef.
F
It is a plausible theory. The water flowing off crops that are grown onthe750,000 acres of heavily fertilized farmland on the northern edge of theEverglades is rich in nitrogen, half of which ends up in the bay. But BillKruczynski, of  Amir ice’s  Envier on mental Protection Agency, isconvinced that nitrogen from farmlands is not the chief problem. Some coralreefs well away from any nitrogen pollution are dying and, curiously, a few arethriving. Dr Kruczynski thinks that increased nutrients arriving from localsewage discharges from the thousands of cesspits (污水坑)along the Florida Keysare part of the problem.
G  
Suchclaims and counterclaims make the impact of the restoration plandifficultto predict. If increased salinity is the main problem, the bay’secology will benefit from the Everglades restoration project. If, however,nitrogen is the problem, increasing the flow of freshwater could mate mattersmuch worse.
H
If this second hypothesis proves correct, the cure is to remove nitrogen fromfarmland or sewage discharges (n.卸下, , or perhaps both. Neither will be easy. Man-made wetlands,at present being built to reduce phosphate (磷化物) run off into the bay—also from fertilisers—would need analgal culture (a sort of contained algal bloom) added to them to deal withdischarges from farmlands. That would be costly. So too would be the replacementof cesspits with proper sewerage—one estimate puts the cost at $650m. Eitherway, it is clear that when, on December 1st, 3,000 square miles of sea aroundthe reef are designated as a “protective zone”by the deputy secretary ofcommerce, Sam Bodman, this will do nothing to protect the reef from pollution.
I
Some argue, though, that there is a more fundamental flaw in the plans forthe bay: the very idea of returning it to a Utopian ideal before man wroughthis damage. Nobody knows what Florida Bay was like before the 1950s, whenengineers cut the largest canals in the Everglades and took most of the wateraway. Dr Kruczynski suspects it was more like an estuary (江海口)The bay that manypeople wish to re-create could have been nothing more than a changing phase inthe bay’s history.
J
These  arguments  do  not  merely  threaten to  create  ecological  problems but economic ones as well. Theeconomy of the Florida Keys depends on tourism—the local tourist industry hasan annual turnover of $2.5 billion. People come for fishing-boat trips, formanatee watching, or for scuba diving and snorkeling (浮潜)to view the exoticallycoloured corals. If the plan to restore the Everglades makes problems in thebay and the reef worse, it could prove a very expensive mistake.

Questions 1-4.................................................................................
The reading Passage has seven paragraphs A-J.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter A-J, in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once.
1 See grass turned to be more resistant to the saline water level in the Bay.
2 Mentioned of a costly project which may be futile.
3 Financial problems raised upon de-phosphate from fertilizer.
4 An alarming fact that both the coral area and species greatly dropped inFlorida
keys
Questions 5-8.................................................................................
Use the information in the passage to match the people (listed A-C) withopinions ordeeds below. Write the appropriate letters A-C in boxes 5-8 on youranswer sheet.
A Bill Kruczynski
B Brian Lapointe
C Joseph Zieman
5  Drainage system in everglades actually results in high salty water inthe bay.
6 Restoring water high in nitrogen level will make more ecological side effect
7  High nitrogen levels may be caused by the nearby farmland.
8 Released sewage instead of agricultural area increase the level of Nitrogen.
Questions 9-13...............................................................................
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage2
In boxes 9-13 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE  if the sataement agrees with the information
FALSE  if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN  if there is no information on this
9 Everyone agree with “pouring water into sea is harmless enough”even in
Florida Bay area.
10  Nitrogen was poured in from different types of crops as water flowsthrough.
11   Everglade restoration project can be effective regardless thecause of the pollution.
12 Human has changed Florida Bay where old image is unrecalled.
13 Tourism contributes fundamentally to the Florida Bay area.

参考答案:
1 .E   2. C   3. H   4. B     5.C          6.B   
7 .B     8 .A   9 .FALSE    10. NOT GIVEN   
11. FALSE      12 .TRUE     13 .TRUE

Passage 3:儿童符号行为研究
文章大意:
  小孩刚刚开始学习的时候和symbolpicture密切相关
  小孩对于symbol的感知是与生俱来的,人类开始学习是从符号和图画开始的
  举例证明作者的观点
  重申观点 题目类型 M
  MC 参考答案 MC
  作者是怎样用实验来证明picture与小孩的感知学习有关? Chair 那项
  在什么情况下婴儿想触碰图片? 在图片颜色亮的情况下
  为什么研究标志? 因为历史上都有 很重要
  为什么用彩色标志引导孩子们学数学? 因为数学理论对他们可能太难了
回忆9:
回忆10:



2021年1月21日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)
回忆1:
1月21日
作文:
一个学校男女生分别花在各种活动上的时间
大作文:长寿对个人和社会的影响

A recent survey shows that in many countries across the world people are generally living longer. But an increased life expectancy has many implications for the aging individuals and for the society as a whole. What are the possible effects of a longer life expectancy on individuals and the society?
回忆2:
阅读部分
Passage 1 花园
Passage 2 贸易
Passage 3 地图
回忆3:
听力
Part 4:橡胶的制作工艺
Primitive rubber is collected from coconut shell.
Then it`s transferred with mould in acid.
It`s pressed by hand to drain water.
A special machinery is used in the process.
Then it`s dried and smoked in a special room.
The finished product then was sold to traders
Brazilians made rubber for producing balls
Europeans invented vulcanization to make rubber smooth,strong and elastic
Until the invention of car tyres,the rubber industry was boosted.
Synthetic rubber was made and firstly applied in germany



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