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[国内外] 2020年12月12日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写

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发表于 2020-12-7 15:44:06 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2020年12月12日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)请进入http://bbs.ieltstofelglobal.com/thread-251706-1-1.html(每一场北美、欧洲雅思考区期待更多的考生来回忆:A类,G类,UKVI,听说读写,最好能回忆英文题目。只有大家积极回忆,才能分享到更全面的考试回忆信息,请加微信504918228或者ieltstofel3,QQ504918228积极回忆吧,谢谢。)

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2020年12月12日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)
回忆1:
大作文: Nowadays celebrities are more famous for their glamour and wealth than for their achievements, and this sets a bad example to young people. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
小作文 柱图  四个国家的renewable energy占比
回忆2:
阅读
第一个是social media news什么的
第二是个plant对indoor pollution的作用
第三个是看比赛观众为什么会兴奋
回忆3:
阅读
第一个是 信息传播的发展
第二个能减轻室内污染的植物
第三个是Inside the mind of a fan

How watching sport affects the brain

A
Atabout the same time that the poet Homer invented the epic hero, the ancientGreeks started a festival in which men competed in a single race, about 200metres long. The winner received a branch of wild olives. The Greeks calledthis celebration the Olympics. Through the ancient sprint remains, today theOlympics are far more than that. Indeed, the Games seem to celebrate the dreamof progress as embodied in the human form. That the Games are intoxicating towatch is beyond question. During the Athens Olympics in 2004, 3.4 billionpeople, half the world, watched them on television. Certainly, being aspectator is a thrilling experience: but why?
B
In1996, three Italian neuroscientists, Giacomo Rizzolatti, Leonardo Fogassi andVittorio Gallese, examined the premotor cortex of monkeys. They discovered thatinside these primate brains there were groups of cells that ‘store vocabularies of motor actions’. Just as there are grammars of movement. Thesenetworks of cells are the bodily ‘sentences’ we use every day, the ones our brain has chosen toretain and refine. Think,for example,about a golf swing. To those who have only watched theMasters’ Tournament on TV, golfing seemseasy. To the novice, however, the skill of casting a smooth arc with a lop-sidemetal stick is virtually impossible. This is because most novices swing withtheir consciousness, using an area of brain next to the premotor cortex. To theexpert, on the other hand, a perfectly balanced stroke is second nature. Forhim, the motor action has become memorized, and the movements are embedded inthe neurons of his premotor cortex. He hits the ball with the tranquility ofhis perfected autopilot.
C
Theseneurons in the premotor cortex, besides explaining why certain athletes seem topossess almost unbelievable levels of skill, have an even more amazingcharacteristic, one that caused Rizzolatti, Fogassi and Gallese to give themthe lofty title ‘mirror neurons’. They note. The main functional characteristic ofmirror neurons is that they become active both when the monkey performs aparticular action (for example, grasping an object or holding it) and,astonishingly, when it sees another individual performing a similar action.’ Humans have an even more elaborate mirror neuronsystem. These peculiar cells mirror,inside the brain, the outside world: they enable us to internalise the actionsof another. In order to be activated, though, these cells require what thescientists call ‘goal-orientated movements’. If we are staring at a photograph, a fixed image of arunner mid-stride, our mirror neurons are totally silent. They only fire whenthe runner is active: running, moving or sprinting.
D
Whatthese electrophysiological studies indicate is that when we watch a golfer or arunner in action, the mirror neurons in our own premotor cortex light up as ifwe were the ones ccompeting. This phenomenon of neural mirror was firstdiscovered in 1954, when two French physiologists, Gastaut and Berf, found thatthe brains of humans vibrate with two distinct wavelengths, alpha and mu. Themu system is involved in neural mirroring. It is active when your bodies arestill, and disappears whenever we do something active, like playing sport orchanging the TV channel. The suprising fact is that the mu signal is also quietwhen we watch someone else being active, as on TV, these results are the effectof mirror neurons.
E
Rizzolatti,Fogassi and Gallese call the idea of mirror neurons the ‘direct matching hypothesis’.They believe that we only understand the movement of sports stars when we ‘map the visual representation of the observed actiononto our motor representation of the same action’.According to this theory, watching an Olympic athlete ’causesthe motor system of the observer to resonate. The “motorknowledge” of the observer is used tounderstand the observed action. ‘ Butmirror neurons are more than just the neural basis for our attitude to sport.It turns out that watching a great golfer makes us better golfers, and watchinga great sprinter actually makes us run faster. This ability to learn bywatching is a crucial skill. From the acquisition of language as infants tolearning facial expressions, mimesis (copying) is an essential part of beingconscious. The best athletes are those with a premotor cortex capable ofimagining the movements of victory, together with the physical properties tomake those movements real.
F
Buthow many of us regularly watch sports in order to be a better athlete? Rather,we watch sport for the feeling, the human drama. This feeling also derives frommirror neurons. By letting spectators share in the motions of victory, theyalso allow us to share in its feelings. This is because they are directlyconnected to the amygdale, one of the main brain regions involved in emotion.During the Olympics, the mirror neurons of whole nations will be electricallyidentical, their athletes causing spectators to feel, just for a second or two,the same thing. Watching sports brings people together. Most of us will neverrun a mile in under four minutes, or hit a home run. Our consolation comes inwatching, when we gather around the TV, we all feel, just for a moment, what itis to do something perfectly.
QQ图片20201212160853.png
QQ图片20201212160906.png
答案解析:

  27 利用题目细节信息定位于F段, This feeling also derives from mirror neurons. By letting spectators share in the motions of victory, they also allow us to share in its feelings. This is because they are directly connected to the amygdale, one of the main brain regions involved in emotion.因此,正确答案为F。

  28 利用题目细节信息定位于B段,They discovered that inside these primate brains there were groups of cells that 'store vocabularies of motor actions’. Just as there are grammars of movement. These networks of cells are the bodily ‘sentences’ we use every day, the ones our brain has chosen to retain and refine. 因此,正确答案为B。

  28 利用题目细节信息定位于E段,According to this theory, watching an Olympic athlete 'causes the motor system of the observer to resonate. The "motor knowledge" of the observer is used to understand the observed action.’因此,正确答案为E。

  30 利用题目细节信息定位于C段,The main functional characteristic of mirror neurons is that they become active both when the monkey performs a particular action (for example, grasping an object or holding it) and, astonishingly, when it sees another individual performing a similar action.' Humans have an even more elaborate mirror neuron system.因此,正确答案为C。

  31 利用题目细节信息定位于D段,This phenomenon of neural mirror was first discovered in 1954, when two French physiologists, Gastaut and Berf, found that the brains of humans vibrate with two distinct wavelengths, alpha and mu. 因此,正确答案为D。

  32 利用题目细节信息定位于E段, It turns out that watching a great golfer makes us better golfers, and watching a great sprinter actually makes us run faster. This ability to learn by watching is a crucial skill. From the acquisition of language as infants to learning facial expressions, mimesis (copying) is an essential part of being conscious. The best athletes are those with a premotor cortex capable of imagining the movements of victory, together with the physical properties to make those movements real.因此,正确答案为E。

  33 C 利用题目细节信息定位于B段,the discovered that inside these primate brains there were groups of cells that‘store vocabularies of motor actions’ .just as there are grammars of movement.these networks of cells are the bodily'sentences' we use every day,the ones our brain has chosen to retain and refine.

  34 A 利用顺序原则定位于E段,The best athletes are those with a premotor cortex capable of imagining the movements of victory,together with the physical properties to make those movements real.

  35 C 利用顺序原则定位于F段,This feeling also derives from mirror neurons of whole nations will be electrically identical....what it is to do something perfectly

  36 YES

  37 NO

  38 NO

  39 NOT GIVEN

  40 YES

回忆4:
小作文:柱状图
大作文:同意与否
Nowadays celebrities are more famous for their glamour and wealth than for their achievements, and this sets a bad example to young people. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
回忆5:
阅读部分
第一篇:信息传播的发展

第二篇:能减轻室内污染的植物
14 - 22 匹配
14. 待回忆
15. D
16. G
17. B
18. 待回忆
19. B
20. E
21. D
22. A
23 - 26 填空
23. building materials
24. small pores
25. ventilation
26. perfect ornamentals

第三篇:人会从运动比赛中得到满足
回忆6:
听力
Part 1暑期兼职
1. come from Omerama
需要的技能
2. can use a ladder
3. can work under hot condition
4. must have good concentration
摘果子的工作
5. salary: 4.5 per bucket
6. cannot work if it is raining
关于打包的工作
7. salary: 13.75 per hour
8. 最忙的时候:January
9. 住宿的地方会提供laundry
10. transport: 即使没有car,也要有bike

Part 2趣味铁人三项
11-15 填空
11. expected number of people: 340 this year
12. park in field
13. contact college
14. cycling 25 laps
15. old airport
16-18 匹配
16. section 1: through the town/farmland
17. section 2: uphill
18. section 3: through the woodland
19-20 填空
19. prize cup
20. chairman

Part 3新西兰古老工艺品
21-25 选择题
21. Why does the shape of Hei-tiki look unusual?
B. difficulty in carving stones
22. Very few Hei-tiki are found in the archaeological site because
C. the villagers look after them carefully
23. What was Hei-tiki regarded by Moris people as
B. a communicating way to their ancestors
24. What are the distinctions between two types of Hei-tiki?
C. the position of hands to leg
25. What are the characteristics of a new type of Hei-tiki?
A. it has a metal setting
26-30 匹配题
各种物品的用途
26. sand: E. form the shape
27. stitch and string: A. used for cave details
28. bark: C. end
29. wax: B polish stone eyes
30. stone: G bond it together

Part 4轮船公司
31. where did he get ship experience?
C. first job
32. the company experienced
A. immediately profitable
33. why did he want to use mail contact to buy steam ship?
C. more reliable
34. what did he do when he won the bid?
B. opened a new company
35. why did he choose Boston?
A. once he worked there
36. what could be revealed about the 1844 event
B. Boston was not a good port location
37-40 填空
37. radio技术的出现使得航行中的communication更为方便
38. Newspapers were provided on board, so the passengers would not feel uneasy during the journey.
39. before 1912, people paid more attention to the speed of the ships
40. afterwards, poured more in the decoration, compared to hotels
回忆7:
听力
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QQ图片20201212161047.png
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QQ图片20201212161018.png
回忆8:
小作文:柱状图
可再生能源在四个国家总能源的占比

大作文:
Nowadays, there are many celebrities who are famous for their glamour and wealth rather than achievements. This is a bad example for young people. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

参考思路:partly disagree,可以把名人分类讲。

Body1:有些名人靠的是贡献和成就,如elon musk、体育明星刘翔…可以鼓励年轻人多学习,发扬坚持精神等。

Body2:也有一些明星成名靠的是魅力或财富。问题:传播错误的价值导向,使青少年过分注重外表和金钱……

反驳: 大部分名人还是因为特殊技能和贡献或突出成就,不能因为他们的财富和个人魅力而忽略自身的努力。得出结论:partly disagree。
回忆9:
回忆10:



2020年12月5日雅思考试总体反馈:重磅!12月5日雅思考试IRP命中三部分听力(3 Sections)原文原题原答案!命中A类G类大小作文题目!命中口语绝大部分真题原题!命中至少两篇阅读原文原题原答案!总体稍难。2020年12月5日雅思听说读写全面大中,全面开花!(疫情期间,全球不同考区时差、A类、G类考生回忆数据比较少、收集不够齐全,待补充,还在不断更新中…)祝贺IRP会员将出现不少雅思高分人才!总体反馈请(复制链接)进入
特别提醒:雅思考试20多年来,有非常严格的规律性和出题思路。全世界有6大考区,而只有一个剑桥考试中心几个人在出题,每个考区一周平均要出一份考卷,一个月很多考区平均出24份考卷。(尤其是2019-2020年以来,全世界各考区和众多城市开始增加雅思机考的选择,机考的城市几乎每天都有雅思考试,一个月考官要出20几份雅思机考卷子,机考跟传统纸质考试的区别只是纸质和电脑上考试的区别,考试内容、评分标准、难度等级、考试题型、考试安全设置等方面均与现行的纸笔模式完全一致。)雅思考试如此频繁,如何保证达到难度一样呢,如何保证新题难度、准确度和评价机制公平呢,所以只能是20几年来的题库旧题目的有效组合,新题不能超出5%-10%,每份雅思卷子都是90%-99%以上旧题。每一份雅思考试试题其实是大部分旧题原题真题+个别新题目的重新组合,多年雅思考官和专家Edward老师非常熟悉雅思出题规律和听说读写题库出题组合卷子的秘诀,IRP资料因此而诞生!具体请阅读http://bbs.ieltstofelglobal.com/thread-32-1-1.html

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