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[国内外] 2020年11月21日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写

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发表于 2020-11-16 19:55:47 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2020年11月21日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)请进入http://bbs.ieltstofelglobal.com/thread-251444-1-1.html(每一场北美、欧洲雅思考区期待更多的考生来回忆:A类,G类,UKVI,听说读写,最好能回忆英文题目。只有大家积极回忆,才能分享到更全面的考试回忆信息,请加微信504918228或者ieltstofel3,QQ504918228积极回忆吧,谢谢。)

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2020年11月21日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)
回忆1:
小作文 三个饼图,第一个生产咖啡第二个消费咖啡,第三个利润
作文是年轻人在十八岁之前要上全天的课程 同意与否
回忆2:
大作文是否同意18岁以下的应该上full-time education,
小作文关于coffee的三个饼图(where is coffee produced, where coffee is consumed, where the profits go)
回忆3:
阅读
第一篇 新旧公园
145309yhhh00mnoeop7vmc.png
第二篇 珊瑚礁  (Coral reefs
Coral reefs areunderwater structures made from calcium carbonate secreted by corals.Coral reefs are colonies of tiny living animals found in marine waters thatcontain few nutrients. Most coral reefs are built from stony corals, which inturn consist of polyps that cluster in groups.
Coral reefs
A
Coral reefs areestimated to cover 284,300 km2 just under 0.1% of the oceans' surface area,about half the area of France. The Indo-Pacific region accounts for 91.9% ofthis total area.Southeast Asia accounts for 32.3% of that figure, while thePacific including Australia accounts for 40.8%. Atlantic and Caribbean coralreefs account for 7.6%. Yet often called rainforests of the sea", coral reefsform some of the most diverse ecosystems on Earth. They provide a home for 25%of all marine species, including fish, mollusks (软体动物), worms, crustaceans(甲壳类动物),echinoderms(棘皮动物),sponges, tunicates and other cnidarians. Paradoxically, coral reefsflourish even though they are surrounded by ocean waters that provide fewnutrients. They are most commonly found at shallow depths in tropical waters,but deep water and cold water corals also exist on smaller scales in otherareas. Although corals exist both in temperate and tropical waters,shallow-water reefs form only in a zone extending from 30° N to 30° S of theequator. Deep water coral can exist at greater depths and colder temperaturesat much higher latitudes, as far north as Norway. Coral reefs are rare alongthe American and African west coasts. This is due primarily to upwelling andstrong cold coastal currents that reduce water temperatures in these areas(respectively the Peru, Benguela and Canary streams). Corals are seldom foundalong the coastline of South Asia from the eastern tip of India (Madras) to theBangladesh(孟加拉国)and Myanmar borders. They are also rare along the coast aroundnortheastern South America and Bangladesh due to the freshwater release fromthe Amazon and Ganges Rivers(恒河), respectively.
B
Coral reefs deliverecosystem services to tourism, fisheries and coastline protection. Theglobal economic value of coral reefs has been estimated at asmuch as $US375 billion per year. Coral reefs protect shorelines by absorbingwave energy(潮汐能), and many small islands would not exist without their reef to protectthem.
C
The value of reefsin biodiverse (生物多样的) regions can be even higher. In parts of Indonesia and the Caribbean wheretourism is the main use, reefs are estimated to be worth US$1 million persquare kilometer, based on the cost of maintaining sandy beaches and the valueof attracting snorkelers (浮潜者)and scuba divers (水肺潜水).Meanwhile, a recent study of the Great Barrier Reef in Australia found that thereef is worth more to the country as an intact ecosystem than an extractivereserve for fishing. Each year more than 1.8 million tourists visit the reef,spending an estimated AU$4.3 billion (Australian dollars) on reef-relatedindustries from diving to boat rental to posh island resort stays. In theCaribbean, says UNEP, the net annual benefits from diver tourism was US$2billion in 2000 with US$625 million spent directly on diving on reefs. Further,reef tourism is important source of employment, especially for some of theworld's poorest people. UNEP says that of the estimated 30 million small-scalefishers in the developing world, most are dependent to a greater or lesserextent on coral reefs. In the Philippines, for example, more than one millionsmall-scale fishers depend directly on coral reefs for their livelihoods. Thereport estimates that reef fisheries (渔场) were worth between $15,000 and $150,000per square kilometer a year, while fish caught for aquariums (水族馆) wereworth $500 a kilogram against $6 for fish caught as food. The aquarium fishexport industry supports around 50,000 people and generates some US$5.5 milliona year in Sri Lanka along.
D
Unfortunately,coral reefs are dying around the world. In particular, coral mining,agricultural and urban runoff(入水), pollution (organic and inorganic),disease, and the digging of canals and access into islands and bays arelocalized threats to coral ecosystems(生态系统). Broader threats are sea temperature rise,sea level rise and pH changes from ocean acidification (酸化) , allassociated with greenhouse gas emissions. Some current fishing practices aredestructive and unsustainable. These include cyanide fishing, overfishing andblast fishing. Although cyanide (氰化物毒)fishing supplies live reef fish for thetropical aquarium market, most fish caught using this method are sold inrestaurants, primarily in Asia, where live fish are prized for their freshness.To catch fish with cyanide, fishers dive down to the reef and squirt cyanide incoral crevices and on the fast-moving fish, to stun the fish making them easyto catch. Overfishing is another leading cause for coral reef degradation.Often, too many fish are taken from one reef to sustain a population in that area.Poor fishing practices, such as banging on the reef with sticks (muro-ami),destroy coral formations that normally function as fish habitat. In someinstances, people fish with explosives (爆炸物) (blast fishing), which blast apart thesurrounding coral.
E
Tourist resortsthat empty their sewage directly into the water surrounding coral reefscontribute to coral reef degradation. Wastes kept in poorly maintained septictanks can also leak into surrounding ground water, eventually seeping out tothe reefs. Careless boating, diving, snorkeling and fishing can also damagecoral reefs. Whenever people grab, kick, and walk on, or stir up sediment (沉淀物) in thereefs, they contribute to coral reef destruction. Corals are also harmed orkilled when people drop anchors on them or when people collect coral.
F
To find answers forthese problems, scientists and researchers study the various factors thatimpact reefs. The list includes the ocean's role as a carbon dioxide sink,atmospheric changes, ultraviolet light (紫外线光) , ocean acidification, viruses, impacts ofdust storms carrying agents to far flung reefs, pollutants, algal blooms andothers. Reefs are threatened well beyond coastal areas. General estimates showapproximately 10% of the worlds coral reefs are dead. About 60% of theworld's reefs are at risk due to destructive, human-related activities. Thethreat to the health of reefs is particularly strong in Southeast Asia, where80% of reefs are endangered.
G
In Australia,the Great Barrier Reef(大堡礁) is protected by the Great Barrier ReefMarine Park Authority, and is the subject of much legislation, including abiodiversity action plan. Inhabitants of Ahus Island, Manus Province, Papua NewGuinea, have followed a generations-old practice of restricting fishing in sixareas of their reef lagoon(环礁湖). Their cultural traditions allow linefishing, but not net or spear fishing. The result is both the biomass andindividual fish sizes are significantly larger than in places where fishing isunrestricted.
Questions 14-19
Reading Passage 1has seven paragraphs A-G.
Which paragraphcontains the following information?
Write the correctletter A-G, in boxes 14-19 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use anyletter more than once.
14 Geographicallocation of worlds coral reef
15 How does coralreef benefit economy locally
16 The statisticsof coral reefs economic significance
17 The listedreasons for declining number of coral reef
18 Physical approach tocoral reef by people
19 Unsustainablefishing methods are applied in regions of the world
Questions 20-25
Do the followingstatement agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2?
TRUE if thestatement is true
FALSE if thestatement is false
NOT GIVEN if theinformation is not given in the passage
20 Coral reefsprovide habitat to variety of marine life.
21 Coral reefdistribute around the ocean disproportionally.
22 Coral reef isincreasingly important for scientific purpose.
23 Coral reefs aregreatly exchanged among and exported to other counties.
24 Reef tourism isof economic essence generally for some poor people.
25 As with otherfishing business, coral fishery is not suitable to women and
children
Questions 26
Choose the correctletter. A, B, C or D.
Write your answersin boxes 26 on your answer sheet.
What is the mainpurpose of the this passage
A Demonstrate howcoral reef grow in the ocean
B To tell thatcoral reef is widely used as a scientific project
C Present thegeneral benefits and an alarming situation of coral reef
D To show the vitalefforts made to protect coral reef in Australia
答案:
  
14
  
A
15
C
16
C
17
D
18
E
19
D
20
TRUE
21
TRUE
22
NOT GIVEN
23
NOT GIVEN
24
TRUE
25
NOT GIVEN
26
C

第三篇油轮泄漏
文章大意:
主题为海洋石油污染的治理。一次油轮事故导致1万吨原油泄漏入大海,造成严重的污染。之后采取的一系列措施,由于不当反而导致了比污染本身更严重的损害。继而列举了=西班牙、英国、法国、美国等地的相关举措及影响,并总结到政府的作用比环保人士的要大。
回忆4:
小作文
Pie Charts (topic: coffee)

大作文
Do you agree with the following statement:  young people should be required to have full-time education before the age of eighteen.
回忆5:
阅读
Passage1
新旧公园
段落A 搭配 公园可供参观&可以到达
段落B 搭配 公园的数量剧增
段落C 搭配 关于公园受欢迎程度下降的一些原因
段落D 搭配 公园设计重要性
段落E 搭配  对于公园所扮演的角色观点不一
段落F 搭配 公园的不同功能
David 搭配 公园可以重塑社区感
James 搭配 人们宁愿去其他地方而不是公园
Doctor Wilson 公园的设施应该更周全一些
William 公园改变了很多
选 the functions of parks have changed much
选 people are more willing to communicate with others in parks
选 importance of park design and layout

Passage2
珊瑚礁

Passage3
油轮泄漏
回忆6:
听力
section 1 旅游咨询  
13 July
Temple
Ferry
Moderate
Dancing
Castle
Breakfast
House
45 days

section 2 关于网课的讨论

section 3 orchestra

Section4 气候与建筑 Climate and Architecture
31Experts investigated places in both rural areas and in cities
32They received funding of a city bank
33Skyscrapers lower levels of acid in damaging pollutants
34The influence of humidity and dryness has great impact on buildings, In recent years Alter Project focuses on the buildings made of concrete(stone)
35 Glass was used to reduce pollution in skyscrapers buildings
36The base of the buildings can be affected by the increased amount of rainfall
37Humidity affects the constructions made of wood
38Archeologists are worried about the soil that protect the foundation of buildings
39Architects monitor the evidence of the movement of buildings
40Government should make some guidance for the architects(guidelines)
回忆7:
小作文:咖啡生产与销售
大作文:同意与否
Some people think that all young people should be required to stay in full-time education until they are at least 18 years old. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
回忆8:
TASK 1  :
类型:三个饼图
描述:世界上四个国家地区咖啡的产量销售量利润

TASK 2:
Some people think that all young people should be required to stay in full-time education until they are at least 18 years old. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
回忆9:
阅读
PASSAGE 1   :新旧公园
题型:匹配+选择
1-6 段落匹配
1.配 visibility and accessibility of parks
2.配 park numbers increased
3.配 reasons why park popularity declined
4.配 importance of park design
5.配 different opinions in the park roles
6.配 different functions of parks
7-10 人名匹配
7.David
8.James
9.Doctor Wilson
10.William
11-13 选择
11. 选 the functions of parks have changed much
12.选 people are more willing to communicate with others in parks
13.选 importance of park design and layout
(答案和顺序可能不准确,仅供参考~)

PASSAGE 2   :珊瑚礁

PASSAGE 3   :邮轮泄露
回忆10:
听力
Section 1: 旅游咨询
1. 13th July
2. temple
3. ferry
4. moderate
5. dancing
6. castle
7. 45 days
8. breakfast
9. house

Section 2:交响乐(音乐剧场)
recruit young
most experienced members
special conductor
will be on a tour In local

Section 3:关于学习的调研讨论
outgoing
USA
additional
personal interests
using phone
flexibility of study time
free

Section 4:气候和建筑
31. both in rural areas and in cities
32. received funds of a city bank
33. skyscrapers: lower levels of acid in damaging pollutants
34. in recent years, Alter Project focuses on the buildings made of stone
35. glasses used to reduce pollution in skyscrapers
36. are affected by the increased rainfall
37. humidity affects the constrictions made of wood
38. are worried about the soil that protects the foundation of buildings
39. architects monitor the evidence of the movement of buildings
40. government should make guidelines for architects
回忆11:
回忆12:



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