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[国内外] 2020年10月10日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写

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发表于 2020-10-2 22:33:48 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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2020年10月10日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)
回忆1:
雅思听力部分
Part 1 信用卡办理
题型:填空+选择
1-7 填空
1. Name: Murray Atkins
2. Address: 53 Green Street
3. Town: West Lake
4. Birthday: 18th September 1973
5. telephone: 98473321
6. type of ID: driving license
7. 透支最大限额:2000
8-10 选择
8. The 100 dollars is paid for
C. one year
9. there is an additional charge for
A. cash withdraw
10. Bonus credit is provided on statement of
C. three months

Part 2 科学中心介绍
题型:选择+填空
11-15 选择
11. 该博物馆在planning stage主要用作什么?
A. research
12. what does this center share with other countries?
B. professional knowledge
13. what is the greatest problem concerning the choice of the site?
C. lack of soil
14. what information did the speaker give about the soil?
A. it is produced by new methods
15. what does the center reject as a way of presenting information?
B. detailed notice board
16-20 填空
16. 一个叫greenXX的东西从什么方面给人特殊的感觉:design
17. the center is open except for 2 days a year
18. the best time to visit the museum is after lunch
19. the center offers special facilities to the disabled, such as wheelcharis and special shuttle buses
20. for children between the age of 5 and 16, the fee is 4 pounds

Part 3 家族历史研究
题型:选择+匹配
21. How they will collect useful material for family histories
B. read relevant reading materials
22. What are the main subjects they interview
C. both males and females
23. which methodology used by the girl she felt most interesting
C. interviewing old participants
24. How can the female students trace her family information of her own
B. by contacting one relative living abroad
25. tutor的建议
C. she concerned too much about her own family information
26. the girl worried most about
C. her research may be too simplified
27-30 匹配
27. reference to family histories: E. varied
28. introduction: A. clear
29. methodology: C. detailed
30. conclusion: B. memorable

Part 4 知名导演介绍电影
题型:填空
31. When compared to painting or music, the movie lacks depth
32. Rely too much on famous actors
33. Applying techniques of light to cause a positive effect
34. Impose lasting influence on emotion for some audience
35. People will understand the purpose of the director through plots
36. When compared to character, modern films pay much attention to words
37. His film story resources have two levels, one is drama and the other is a myth
38. Films which are full dreams connecting to journey will inspire the audience
39. All his works have an underline family relationship
40. People will learn to accept all the life offers
回忆2:
小作文:柱状图
大作文:优缺点比较
Today, there are many tasks at home or work have been done by robots. Is this a positive or negative development?
回忆3:
雅思阅读部分
第一篇:决策相关研究(
Decision making and Happiness)
原文:
  A Americans today choose among more options in more parts of life than has ever been possible before. To an extent, the opportunity to choose enhances our lives. It is only logical to think that if some choice is good, more is better; people who care about having infinite options will benefit from them, and those who do not can always just ignore the 273 versions of cereal they have never tried. Yet recent research strongly suggests that, psychologically, this assumption is wrong. Although some choice is undoubtedly better than none, more is not always better than less.
  B Recent research offers insight into why many people end up unhappy rather than pleased when their options expand. We began by making a distinction between "maximisers" (those who always aim to make the best possible choice) and "satisficers" (those who aim for "good enough, " whether or not better selections might be out there).
  C In particular, we composed a set of statements—the Maximization Scale—to diagnose people’s propensity to maximize. Then we had several thousand people rate themselves from 1 to 7 (from "completely disagree" to "completely agree") on such statements as "I never settle for second best. " We also evaluated their sense, of satisfaction with their decisions. We did not define a sharp cutoff to separate maximisers from satisficers, but in general, we think of individuals whose average scores are higher than 4 (the scale’s midpoint) as maximisers and those whose scores are lower than the midpoint as satisficers. People who score highest on the test—the greatest maximisers—engage in more product comparisons than the lowest scorers, both before and after they make purchasing decisions, and they take longer to decide what to buy. When satisficers find an item that meets their standards, they stop looking. But maximisers exert enormous effort reading labels, checking out consumer magazines and trying new products. They also spend more time comparing their purchasing decisions with those of others.
 D We found that the greatest maximisers are the least happy with the fruits of their efforts. When they compare themselves with others, they get little pleasure from finding out that they did better and substantial dissatisfaction from finding out that they did worse. They are more prone to experiencing regret after a purchase, and if their acquisition disappoints them, their sense of well-being takes longer to recover. They also tend to brood or ruminate more than satisficers do.
  E Does it follow that maximisers are less happy in general than satisficers? We tested this by having people fill out a variety of questionnaires known to be reliable indicators of well-being. As might be expected, individuals with high maximization scores experienced less satisfaction with life and were less happy, less optimistic and more depressed than people with low maximization scores. Indeed, those with extreme maximization ratings had depression scores that placed them in the borderline clinical range.
  F Several factors explain why more choice is not always better than less, especially for maximisers. High among these are "opportunity costs. " The quality of any given option cannot be assessed in isolation from its alternatives. One of the "costs" of making a selection is losing the opportunities that a different option would have afforded. Thus an opportunity cost of vacationing on the beach in Cape Cod might be missing the fabulous restaurants in the Napa Valley. EARLY DECISION-MAKING RESEARCH by Daniel Katmeman and Amos Tversky showed that people respond much more strongly to losses than gains. If we assume that opportunity costs reduce the overall desirability of the most preferred choice, then the more alternatives there are, the deeper our sense of loss will be and the less satisfaction we will derive from our ultimate decision.
 G The problem of opportunity costs will be worse for a maximiser than for a satisficer. The latter’s "good enough" philosophy can survive thoughts about opportunity costs. In addition, the "good enough" standard leads to much less searching and inspection of alternatives than the maximiser’s "best" standard. With fewer choices under consideration, a person will have fewer opportunity costs to subtract.
  H Just as people feel sorrow about the opportunities they have forgone, they may also suffer regret about the option they settle on. My colleagues and I devised a scale to measure proneness to feeling regret, and we found that people with high sensitivity to regret are less happy, less satisfied with life, less optimistic and more depressed than those with low sensitivity. Not surprisingly, we also found that people with high regret sensitivity tend to be maximisers. Indeed, we think that worry over future regret is a major reason that individuals become maximisers. The only way to be sure you will not regret a decision is by making the best possible one. Unfortunately, the more options you have and the more opportunity costs you incur, the more likely you are to experience regret.
I In a classic demonstration of the power of sunk costs, people were offered season subscriptions to a local theater company. Some were offered the tickets at full price and others at a discount. Then the researchers simply kept track of how often the ticket purchasers actually attended the plays over the course of the season. Full-price payers were more likely to show up at performances than discount payers. The reason for this, the investigators argued, was that the full-price payers would experience more regret if they did not use the tickets because not using the more costly tickets would constitute a bigger loss. To increase sense of happiness, we can decide to restrict our options when the decision is not crucial. For example, make a rule to visit no more than two stores when shopping for clothing.
参考答案:
  Questions 1-4
  Use the information in the passage to match the category (listed A-D) with descriptions or deeds below. Write the appropriate letters A-D in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet.
  A Maximiser
  B Satisficer
  C Both
  D Neither of them
  1.finish transaction when the items match their expectation B
  2.buy the most expensive things when shopping D
  3.consider repeatedly until they make final decision A
  4. participate in the questionnaire of the author C
  Questions 5-9
  Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1 In boxes 5-9 on your answer sheet, write
  TRUEif the statement is true
  FALSE if the statement is false
  NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage
  5. With the society’s advancement, more chances make our lives better and happier.False
  6. There is difference of findings by different gender classification. Not Given
  7. The feeling of loss is greater than that of acquisition. True
  8. ‘Good enough’ plays a more significant role in pursuing ‘best’ standards of maximiser.False
  9. There are certain correlations between the "regret" people and the maximisers. True
  Questions 10-13
  Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
  Write your answers in boxes 10-13 on your answer sheet.
  10. What is the subject of this passage?
  A. regret makes people less happy
  B. choices and Well-being
  C. an interesting phenomenon
  D. advices on shopping
  11. According to conclusion of questionnaires, which of the following statement is correct?
  A. maximisers are less happy
  B. state of being optimistic is important
  C. uncertain results are found
  D. maximisers tend to cross bottom line
  12. The experimental on theater tickets suggested:
  A. sales are different according to each season
  B. people like to spend on the most expensive items
  C. people feel depressed if they spend their vouchers
  D. people would regret if they failed to spend on discount sales.
  13. What is author’s suggestion on how to increase happiness:
  A. focus the final decision
  B. be sensitive and smart
  C. reduce the choice or option
  D. read label carefully



第二篇:鸟类迁徙(Bird migration
原文:
A
Birds have many unique design features that enable them to perform such amazing feats of endurance. They are equipped with lightweight, hollow bones, intricately designed feathers providing both lift and thrust for rapid flight, navigation systems superior to any that man has developed, and an ingenious heat conserving design that, among other things, concentrates all blood circulation beneath layers of warm, waterproof plumage, leaving them fit to face life in the harshest of climates. Their respiratory systems have to perform efficiently during sustained flights at altitude, so they have a system of extracting oxygen from their lungs that far exceeds that of any other animal. During the later stages of the summer breeding season, when food is plentiful their bodies are able to accumulate considerable layers of fat, in order to provide sufficient energy for their long migratory flights.
B
The fundamental reason that birds migrate is to find adequate food during the winter months when it is in short supply. This particularly applies to birds that breed in the temperate and Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, where food is abundant during the short growing season. Many species can tolerate cold temperatures if food is plentiful, but when food is not available they must migrate. However, intriguing questions remain.
C
One puzzling fact is that many birds journey much further than would be necessary just to find food and good weather. Nobody knows, for instance, why British swallows, which could presumably survive equally well if they spent the winter in equatorial Africa, instead fly several thousands of miles further to their preferred winter home in South Africa Cape Province. Another mystery involves the huge migrations performed by arctic terns and mud flat-feeding shorebirds that breed close to Polar Regions. In general, the further north a migrant species breeds, the farther south it spends the winter. For arctic terns this necessitates an annual round trip of 25,000 miles. Yet, en route to their final destination in far-flung southern latitudes, all these individuals overfly other areas of seemingly suitable habitat spanning two hemispheres. While we may not fully understand birds' reasons for going to particular places, we can marvel at their feats.
D
One of the greatest mysteries is how young birds know how to find the traditional wintering areas without parental guidance. Very few adults migrate with juveniles in tow, and youngsters may even have little or no inkling of their parents' appearance. A familiar example is that of the cuckoo, which lays its eggs in another species nest and never encounters its young again. It is mind boggling to consider that, once raised by its host species, the young cuckoo makes its own way to ancestral wintering grounds in the tropics before returning single-handed to northern Europe the next season to seek out a mate among its own kind. The obvious implication is that it inherits from its parents an inbuilt route map and direction-finding capability, as well as a mental image of what another cuckoo looks like. Yet nobody has the slightest idea as to how this is possible.
E
Mounting evidence has confirmed that birds use the positions of the sun and stars to obtain compass directions. They seem also to be able to detect the earth's magnetic field, probably due to having minute crystals of magnetite in the region of their brains. However, true navigation also requires an awareness of position and time, especially when lost. Experiments have shown that after being taken thousands of miles over an unfamiliar landmass, birds are still capable of returning rapidly to nest sites. Such phenomenal powers arc the product of computing a number of sophisticated cues, including an inborn map of the night sky and the pull of the earth's magnetic field. How the birds use their 'instruments’ remains unknown, but one thing is clear: they see the world with a superior sensory perception to ours. Most small birds migrate at night and take their direction from the position of the setting sun. However, as well as seeing the sun go down, they also seem to sec the plane of polarized light caused by it, which calibrates their compass. Traveling at night provides other benefits. Daytime predators are avoided and the danger of dehydration due to flying for long periods in warm, sunlit skies is reduced. Furthermore, at night the air is generally cool and less turbulent and so conducive to sustained, stable flight.
F
Nevertheless, all journeys involve considerable risk, and part of the skill in arriving safely is setting off at the right time. This means accurate weather forecasting, and utilizing favorable winds. Birds are adept at both, and, in laboratory tests, some have been shown to detect the minute difference in barometric pressure between the floor and ceiling of a room. Often birds react to weather changes before there is any visible sign of them. Lapwings, which feed on grassland, flee west from the Netherlands to the British Isles, France and Spain at the onset of a cold snap. When the ground surface freezes the birds could starve. Yet they return to Holland ahead of a thaw, their arrival linked to a pressure change presaging an improvement in the weather.
G
In one instance a Welsh Manx shearwater carried to America and released was back in its burrow on Skokholm Island, off the Pembrokeshire coast, one clay before a letter announcing its release! Conversely, each autumn a small number of North American birds arc blown across the Atlantic by fast-moving westerly tail winds. Not only do they arrive safely in Europe, but, based on ringing evidence, some make it back to North America the following spring, after probably spending the winter with European migrants in sunny African climes.
Questions 14-20
Reading passage 2 has seven paragraphs, A-G
Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below. Write
the correct number, i-x, in boxes 14-20 on your answer sheet.
List of headings
i. The best moment to migrate
ii. The unexplained rejection of closer feeding ground
iii. The influence of weather on the migration route
iv. Physical characteristics that allow birds to migrate
v. The main reason why birds migrate
vi. The best wintering grounds for birds
vii. Research findings on how birds migrate
viii. Successful migration despite trouble of wind
ix. Contrast between long-distance migration and short-distance migration
x. Mysterious migration despite lack of teaching
14 Paragraph A
15 Paragraph B
16 Paragraph C
17 Paragraph D
18 Paragraph E
19 Paragraph F
20 Paragraph G
Questions 21-22
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Write the correct letters in boxes 21 and 22 on your answer sheet.
Which TWO of the following statements are true of bird migration?
A Birds often fly further than they need to.
B Birds traveling in family groups are safe.
C Birds flying at night need less water.
D Birds have much sharper eye-sight than humans.
E Only shorebirds are resistant to strong winds.
Questions 23-26
Complete the sentences below using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the
passage.
Write your answers in boxes 23-26 on your answer sheet.
23 It is a great mystery that young birds like cuckoos can find their wintering grounds without ________.
24 Evidence shows birds can tell directions like a ________by observing the sun and the stars.
25 One advantage for birds flying at night is that they can avoid contact with ______.
26 Laboratory tests show that birds can detect weather without ________signs.
答案解析:
题号定位词文中对应点题目解析
14 Design features that enable them to perform such amazing feats A段第一句A段开门见山提出鸟类特有的结构特征支持它们迁徙。之后就细化介绍了它们的特殊结构。
是个典型总分结构。所以第一句就是主题句,
因此,本题答案为iv。
15 Fundamental reason that birds migrate B段第一句B段开始提出了本段主题,之后给出了迁徙原因的解释。
因此,本题答案为 v。
16 Puzzling fact; much further C段第一句C段也是直接提出主题,然后用例子进行解释的结构。C段提出了鸟类飞到更远的地方过冬令人不解,接着用英国的燕子和北极燕鸥和水禽的迁徙例子来具体说明了人们的惊讶。
Puzzling对应答案中的unexplained;much further对应答案中rejection of closer
因此,本题答案为 ii。
17 Greatest mysteries; how young birds D段第一句D段第一句是主题句,整段接着用杜鹃的例子来具体化了此疑问。
Young bird体现了答案中的lack of teaching
因此,本题答案为 x。
18 Mounting evidence; birds use the positions; to obtain compass direction; detect the earth’s magnetic field E段第一句第二句E段第一句提出了鸟类使用太阳和星星辨别方向有很多证据。第二句说同时鸟类似乎还可以预测地球磁场。这都在说鸟儿怎么飞。
因此,本题答案为 vii。
19 Setting off at the right time F段第一句F段第一句话提出安全飞行需要找到最好的出发的时间,第二句说那意味着要正确的天气预测,利用风向。也就是说第二句只是说明如何找到好的出发时间,说要iii 不能选。
因此,本题答案为 I。
20 One instance; are blown across; fast-moving westerly tail winds; arrive safely G段第一句和第二句和第三句。G段第一句说威尔士马恩岛海鸥是一个例子(那说明是承接上文的例子,而上面一段说的是正确预测天气和利用风向来找到好的飞行时间)。所以这要么是预测天气成功,要么是利用风向成功。后面第二句说到了西尾风。第三句说不仅成功,还飞去了非洲。
因此,本题答案为 viii。
21 Many birds journey much further than would be necessary just to find food C段第一句C段第一句明确提到许多鸟类的迁徙旅程远远长于它们为了寻找食物和好天气所必需飞行的距离。这也是C段的主题句。
因此,本题答案为 A。
22 Traveling at night; other benefits; danger of dehydration E段第九十两句E段接近结尾的第九十两句非常明确的提到了夜间飞行的好处:避免天敌和脱水。
因此,本题答案为C。
其它选项B在文中没有提到和家人一起飞行;D也没有提到,文章只是在第E段提到的是鸟类有比人类更高级的感官知觉they see the world with a superior sensory perception to ours。E也没有在文中明确提出,并且一般有绝对词的答案可以率先排除。
23 One of the greatest mysteries; without parental guidance; a familiar example is that of the cuckoo D段第一句话和第三句话先用cuckoo定位到D段。
Cuckoo是该段主题幼鸟依靠自己迁徙到越冬之地的迷思的一个例子。
提干部分是对D段第一句话的paraphrase。
因此,本题答案是文中的parental guidance。
24 Mounting evidence; position of sun and stars to obtain compass directions E段第一句话用tell direction和by observing the sun and the stars定位到E段第一句话。
因此,本题答案是文中的compass。
25 Traveling at night; other benefits; daytime predators are avoided E段第九十两句通过第22题其实已经可以直接做出这个题了。E段接近结尾的第九十两句非常明确的提到了夜间飞行的好处:避免天敌和脱水。
因此,本题答案为predators。
26 React to weather changes before there is any visible sign of them F段第四句用laboratory tests; detect weather定位到本句。
因此,本题答案为visible。

第三篇:唱歌跑调
文章大意:
虽说音乐对于人类来说是一种universal instinct,但每个人在这方面的competence(capacity)都有极大的variation。有的人妙音无双,有的人却唱歌跑调无法discriminate distinct tones,或依照melody敲打rhythm(beat),这种impotence(inability)被称为“乐盲症”。
尽管音乐与语言有着close ties(association/relevance),但linguistic impairment(deficit)并不能导致乐盲,乐盲症患者能成功辨认讲话中的intonation(the rise and fall of a speech),也能分辨出歌曲的mood(able to distinguish sad tune from a happy one)。通过对大脑扫描,科学家发现当辨认音乐时,乐盲症患者脑中主管auditory的部位会比一般人更有可能over react(the activities are more marked)。
虽然神经学认为,乐盲是一种disorder,而且提供的证据非常legitimate(valid/convincing),但主流学者对之保持sceptical(doubtful)——正如每个人肤色智商各异,不能因为乐盲者与majority不同,就认为他们是abnormal(it’s inappropriate to consider it is an ailment)。音乐才能虽然在人类历史上被value(appreciate),甚至一度是人类繁衍的关键——求偶时嘹亮的嗓音是precondition(music talent is considered to be desirable)——但如今音乐并非必备技能,乐盲也不会对生活造成detrimental impact,它就像是字写不好一样,只能是一个defect(shortcoming)。
参考题目及答案:
选择5:
27. What did author mention in the first paragraph?
Some people suffer from amusia can play instrument well.
28. What’s the purpose of second paragraph?
Suggesting the disadvantages of amusia.
29. What did author mention in third paragraph?
People suffering from amusia can identify melody.
30.What’s the connection between language ability and music ability?
People who can not speak can sing songs well.
31.What’s the author’s attitude toward Dr P’s research?
Skeptical
判断 4
32. No. P教授的研究是convincing的。
33. Yes. People suffer from amusia can identify sad music from happy music;
34. No. amusia-handwriting患有失乐症的人字写得也丑。
35.待补充
配对 5
36. The reason why is—not yet to be understood
37. The reaction of the brain of people with amusia —is marked.
38. In culture, being good at music is — considered to be desirable.
39. People who can not speak well—can identify the tone.

回忆4:
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回忆5:
小作文:柱状图,比较两个年份澳大利亚6个城市的储水量变化
大作文:
Today, more and more people use robots to do tasks at home and at work. Do you think it is a positive or negative development?
回忆6:
大作文题目:
Today, more and more people use robots to dotasks at home and at work. Do you think it is a positive or negativedevelopment?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.

现在越来越多的人使用机器人来承担家里和工作中的任务,你认为这是一个积极还是消极的变化?
机经版本:新题
题目类型:优缺点

提纲:
优点:效率与质量 - 机械生产;方便 - 扫地机器人;安全 - 探矿、 探测;
缺点:就业 - 人工被替代;心理焦虑(如战争升级、机器人造反) - 人力无能;
话题:科技
范文:
With the breakthrough of technology inrecent decades, work and life has been mechanized to different degree, fromrobotic arms in automobile plants to cleaning robots at homes, helping mankindaccomplish more no one could ever imagine. Such major changes result inbenefits as well as new challenges.

On the apparently bright side, thedevelopments of robotic techniques bring efficiency, quality, convenience andsafety. In regard to auto-production, robots conduct precise movements asprogrammed that can guarantee the quality through the whole procedure and theyare fitted with multiple arms and bear extensive running time compared withhuman labor. As a result, more products up to standards become accessible andaffordable to the public, raising people’s life standard. Apart fromcontributions in industries, robots, or automation in general but not therobots with hands and feet in stereotype, are already helping domestic lives byassisting in cleaning the room, cooking foods, keeping children’s company, releasingpeople’s hands from daily trivial and for more relaxing activities. Also, thereis a very promising career for androids due to safety reasons. For example, bigcountries have by now produced probes for exploration in extreme environmentlike deep sea and volcano.

On the other side, these machines replacepeople’s working position, bringing unemployment and new worries. Automation infactory has long been casting workers out of workshops since IndustrialRevolution and would continue doing this in the future. Those who have and willlose their jobs suffer from this process. In addition, a greater problem is apsychological one, our kind worries about our incompetence compared withrobots. As is known and filmed in science fictions, big counties are alsodeveloping armed droids and drones for war. People have no idea but onlyconcerns whether this could escalate conflicts between nations and cultures andlead to more fights as less human soldiers present on battlefields. In morepamper imagination, artificial intelligence would take over the rule of human,salve and even slaughter this kind. All this art and literature productsreflect the anxiety mentioned.
In general, people are now enjoying thebenefits provided by robots in real world but tolerated in mind by thesequick-evolving and potential monsters.
回忆7:
回忆8:
回忆9:
回忆10:



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