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[全国] 2020年9月17日、9月20日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总

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发表于 2020-9-14 15:08:33 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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2020年9月20日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)
回忆1:
雅思阅读部分
第一篇:植物 carnivorous plants
题型:填空+判断
1-5 填空
1.raindrops
2.stomach
3.pores
4.vacuum
5.待补充
6-13 判断
6.TURE
7.TURE
8.FALSE
9.NOT GIVEN
10.FALSE
11.NOT GIVEN
12.TURE
13.FALSE


第二篇:气味
第三篇:消失的文明
回忆2:
雅思听力部分
Part 1 洗衣机维修
题型:填空
1. 洗衣机型号:reference number: CW3104
2. 购买时间:9 months ago
3. postcode: CR02YR
4. address: middle street
5. problem: leak water
6. 采用的方法:switched off
7. 材料wood
8. 修理时间:next Tuesday
9. 维修人员:client engineer
10. opposite the post office

Part 2 夜间活动介绍
答案缺失

Part 3 论文讨论
答案缺失

Part 4 Tiffany的发家史
部分答案(乱序),欢迎补充
president
women
affordable
partner
founder
texture
potter
答案缺失
回忆3:
小作文
类型:柱状图
题目:英国男女不同时期蔬果摄入比例

大作文
题目:An American film actor John Wayne said: "Tomorrow is the most important thing in life." How is it important for individuals and countries to think about the future rather than focus on the present?回忆4:
回忆5:
阅读部分:
PASSAGE 1  肉食性植物 Carnivorous Plants
文章大意:讲了包括Venus flytrap捕蝇草和pitcher plants猪笼草在内的这些食肉植物的特点及影响他们的因素。

1:raindrops
2:stomach
3:pore
4:vacuum
5:
6: T
7: T
8: F
9: NG
10: F
11: NG
12: T
13: F

PASSAGE 2    嗅觉
题型:乱序题,耗费时间

PASSAGE 3   一些消失的文明(玛雅文明,Japan,Iceland等)

题型1:填空,No more than TWO words
in the end of 8th century
methods of farming
environmental problems as well as chronic warfare
animal bones
import of agricultural products and canoes for transport

题型2:Matching,匹配Societies和Collapse原因

题型3:单选(主旨大意题)
回忆6:
听力部分:
Part 1
Accident Insurance Claim 保险索赔
主题:洗衣机维修的相关对话

1.reference number: CWX576884
2.when did the man buy: 9 months
3.postcode: GO194KE
4.address: Middle Street
5-6: because of the water, it was out of control and switched off automatically.
7.The floor which is made of wood was wet.
8.the client engineers are available next Tuesday
9.contact the client engineer
10.the repair company is opposite to the post office

Part 2
主题:社区学校夜间活动介绍
题型:单选+匹配题
head of administration
school students
evening class
concert

17-20 匹配 evening programme每门课的feature:
17. film-making
18. tennis
19. swimming
20. painting
A.award-winning teacher, B. children and adults together, end up with competition, restricting the number, original way,
(待补充~)

Part 3
主题:两个学生讨论论文
题型:匹配
irrelevant content
follow the guidelines
format can be improved
thoughtful comment

Part 4
主题:Tiffany创始人的儿子做玻璃
题型:表格
31. founder of Tiffany and Company.
32.  U.S. president
33. different textures
34. consist of only women
35. glass mixed with rocks
36. ideas from nature
37. pottery and jewelry
38.resemble plants
39. in the house he designed for himself
40. affordable and high quality回忆7:
Task 1:  类型:bar chart
portions of fruit and vegetables consumed by females and males in the UK in 2006.
QQ图片20200921163706.png
Task 2 :
An American film actor John Wayne said "Tomorrow is the most important thing in life. "How important for individuals and countries to think about future rather than focusing on the present?Give your reasons and examples with you own experience or knowledge.
回忆8:
听 力
Section 1
主题:咨询买洗衣机
题型:填空题
难度:一般
1. reference number: CWX576884
2. when did the man buy: 9 months ago
3. postcode: GO194KE
4. address: middle street
5. because of the water
6. it was out of control and switched off automatically
7. the floor which is made of wood was wet
8. the client engineers are available next Tuesday
9. contact the client engineer
10. the repair company is opposite to the post office

Section 2
主题:晚课、night activities
题型:单选+匹配题
难度:稍难

Section 3
主题:两个学生讨论论文
题型:匹配+选择题
难度:稍难

Section 4
主题:Tiffany创始人的儿子做玻璃
题型:填空题
难度:一般
president
women
affordable
partner
funder
texture
potter
回忆9:
阅 读
Reading Passage 1 :Carnivorous Plants 肉食性植物(18年2月3日题)
第一段:介绍了一种食肉植物
第二段:介绍Venus flytrap(食蝇草)捕食原理
第三段:描写生物学家对于食肉植物的研究
第四段:描述食肉植物吃昆虫促进自身生长
第五段:食肉植物面临的威胁

1-5 填空题:raindrops,stomach,pores,vacuum,N/A
6-13 判断题:T,T,F,NG,F,NG,T,F

passage 2: Smell and Memory  气味与记忆

Smell and Memory

Why does the scent of a fragrance ( 香味)or the mouldiness(陈腐)of an old trunk trigger such powerful memories of childhood? New research has the answer, writes Alexandra Witze.

A

You probably pay more attention to a newspaper with your eye’s than with your nose. But lift the paper to your nostrils ( 鼻孔) and inhale. The smell of newsprint might carry you back to your childhood, when your parents perused ( 精读) the paper on Sunday mornings. Or maybe some other smell takes you back-the scent of your mother’s perfume, the pungency ( 刺激性) of a driftwood campfire. Specific odours can spark a flood of reminiscences. Psychologists call it the “ Proustian phenomenon” ( 涌式现象), after French novelist Marcel Proust. Near the beginning of the masterpiece In Search of Lost Time, Proust’s narrator dunks ( 蘸) a madeleine cookie into a cup of tea - and the scent and taste unleash ( 释放) a torrent ( 连续不断的) of childhood memories for 3000 pages.

B

Now, this phenomenon is getting the scientific treatment. Neuroscientists Rachel Herz, a cognitive neuroscientist at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, have discovered, for instance, how sensory memories are shared across the brain, with different brain regions remembering the sights, smells, tastes and sounds of a particular experience. Meanwhile, psychologists have demonstrated that memories triggered by smells can be more emotional, as well as more detailed, than memories not related to smells. When you inhale, odour molecules ( 分子) set brain cells dancing within a region known as the amygdala (杏仁区 ) , a part of the brain that helps control emotion. In contrast, the other senses, such as taste or touch, get routed through other parts of the brain before reaching the amygdala. The direct link between odours and the amygdala may help explain the emotional potency ( 力量) of smells. “There is this unique connection between the sense of smell and the part of the brain that processes emotion,” says Rachel Herz.

C

But the links don’t stop there. Like an octopus ( 章鱼 ) reaching its tentacle ( 触 须) outward, the memory of smells affects other brain regions as well. In recent experiments, neuroscientists at University College London (UCL) asked 15 volunteers to look at pictures while smelling unrelated odours. For instance, the subjects might see a photo of a duck paired with the scent of a rose, and then be asked to create a story linking the two. Brain scans taken at the time revealed that the volunteers’ brains were particularly active in a region known as the olfactory cortex ( 嗅觉脑皮层) , which is known to be involved in processing smells. Five minutes later, the volunteers were shown the duck photo again, but without the rose smell. And in their brains, the olfactory cortex lit up again, the scientists reported recently. The fact that the olfactory cortex became active in the absence of the odour suggests that people’s sensory memory of events is spread across different brain regions. Imagine going on a seaside holiday, says UCL team leader, Jay Gottfried. The sight of the waves becomes stored in one area, whereas the crash of the surf goes elsewhere, and the smell of seaweed in yet another place. There could be advantages to having memories spread around the brain. “You can reawaken that memory from any one of the sensory triggers,” says Gottfried. “Maybe the smell of the sun lotion, or a particular sound from that day, or the sight of a rock formation.” Or in the case of an early hunter and gatherer ( out on a plain - the sight of a lion might be enough to trigger the urge to flee, rather than having to wait for the sound of its roar and the stench ( 恶臭) of its hide to kick in as well.

D

Remembered smells may also carry extra emotional baggage, says Herz. Her research suggests that memories triggered by odours are more emotional than memories triggered by other cues. In one recent study, Herz recruited five volunteers who had vivid memories associated with a particular perfume, such as opium for Women and Juniper Breeze from Bath and Body Works. She took images of the volunteers’ brains as they sniffed that perfume and an unrelated perfume without knowing which was which. (They were also shown photos of each perfume bottle.) Smelling the specified perfume activated the volunteers brains the most, particularly in the amygdala, and in a region called the hippocampus ( 海马体) , which helps in memory formation. Herz published the work earlier this year in the journal Neuropsychologia.

E

But she couldn’t be sure that the other senses wouldn’t also elicit ( 抽出) a strong response. So in another study Herz compared smells with sounds and pictures. She had 70 people describe an emotional memory involving three items-popcorn, fresh-cut grass and a campfire. Then they compared the items through sights, sounds and smells. For instance, the person might see a picture of a lawnmower, then sniff the scent of grass and finally listen to the lawnmower’s sound. Memories triggered by smell were more evocative than memories triggered by either sights or sounds.

F

Odour-evoked memories may be not only more emotional, but more detailed as well. Working with colleague John Downes, psychologist Simon Chu of the University of Liverpool started researching odour and memory partly because of his grandmothers stories about Chinese culture. As generations gathered to share oral histories, they would pass a small pot of spice or incense around; later, when they wanted to remember the story in as much detail as possible, they would pass the same smell around again. “It’s kind of fits with a lot of anecdotal evidence on how smells can be really good reminders of past experiences,” Chu says. And scientific research seems to bear out ( 证实) the anecdotes. In one experiment, Chu and Downes asked 42 volunteers to tell a life story, then tested to see whether odours such as coffee and cinnamon ( 肉 桂皮) could help them remember more detail in the story. They could.

G

Despite such studies, not everyone is convinced that Proust can be scientifically analysed. In the June issue of Chemical Senses, Chu and Downes exchanged critiques(批评) with renowned perfumer and chemist J. Stephan Jellinek. Jellinek chided ( 责备) the Liverpool researchers for, among other things, presenting the smells and asking the volunteers to think of memories, rather than seeing what memories were spontaneously evoked by the odours. But there’s only so much science can do to test a phenomenon that’s inherently different for each person, Chu says. Meanwhile, Jellinek has also been collecting anecdotal accounts of Proustian experiences, hoping to find some com:mon links between the experiences. “I think there is a case to be made that surprise may be a major aspect of the Proust phenomenon,” he says. “That’s why people are so struck by these memories.” No one knows whether Proust ever experienced such a transcendental ( 阜越的) moment. But his notions of memory, written as fiction nearly a century ago, continue to inspire scientists of today.

答案:
  14. A
  15. B
  16. A
  17. C
  18. C
  19. D
  20. B
  21. C
  22. C
  23. Create a story
  24. Brain scans
  25. Olfactory cortex
  26. Spice
回忆10:
小作文 类型:柱状图
题目:英国2006年不同年龄男女吃超过五种蔬菜水果的人数比例

大作文题目:
An American film actor John Wayne said: "Tomorrow is the most important thing in life." How is it important for individuals and countries to think about the future rather than focus on the present? What's your opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.

(美国电影演员John Wayne说过“明天是生命中最重要的事情。”相较于关注当下,考虑未来对于个人和国家来说有多重要。)

题目类型:观点
提纲:1)对个人:当下更重要;未来是焦虑和幻想;
2)对国家:同等重要 - 当前管理保证稳定、未来规划决定发展结果

范文:
There is a saying that believes in the greater importance of future than the present and it may, in my opinion, cause only worries but nothing else for individuals and overemphasize the coming future in the case of governing countries.
As for common persons, the present is obviously more significant than the future. In comparison, it is the only matter that they can handle to concentrate on the very current moment, whereas the planing and the expectation for the future can only be an illusion that might be barely realized accounting for one’s contemporary actions. For example, one may set up a goal of being rich and famous in the future, but without the effort at present, the desire can seldom be fulfilled and comes to a mere fantasy in mind. On the contrary, this person exerts its time and energy into the career at the moment and with a bit of luck, it may eventually harvest fame and fortune bringing great joy and reminding how meaningful the effort has been.

In regard to countries, the present and the future share equal standings when the former focuses on stability and the latter is responsible for development. The authorities have deal with a variety of situations in everyday administration, such as disasters, pandemic, conflicts and other emergencies within and outside its territory, so they should immediately respond and react to these incidents to make sure the whole country runs smoothly and stably. For the future, the councilors really need to consider and debate the direction of development and the distribution of budgets concerned as they can centralize the enormous power to realize these schemes and guarantee the future of their nation.

In conclusion, the present for each single person should be the handhold towards the future but the government should grasp tightly on both sides.  
回忆11:
回忆12:



2020年9月17日国内雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)
回忆1:
9月17日
小作文折线图,大作文不限制车辆会造成什么问题,咋解决应该不鼓励人们用车吗
听力 s1是兼职咨询 s2是成功开公司的经验 s3是research s4是sea lion
回忆2:
听力
S1 A man wants to find a job(求职)
1. Address: Elsinore
2. Cell phone number: 077896245
3. He once worked part time job as
waiter
4. He once worked at a high school as baseball coach
5. Other relevant working experience: worked at the beach
6. Other relevant skills: diving
7. Need certificate: it will expire in: October
8. Preferred working time: Saturday mornings
9. He can start to work at
6 o’clock
10. Source of information: radio

S2 How to become a millionaire怎样成为百万富翁。
QQ图片20200919133201.png

S3:师生作业讨论
S4: sea lion
回忆3:
阅读
第一篇:洪水对生态的影响(DirtyRiver But Clean Water
Floods can occurin rivers when the flow rate exceeds the capacity of the river channel,particularly at bends or meanders in the waterway. Floods often cause damage tohomes and businesses if they are in the natural flood plains of rivers. Whileriverine flood damage can be eliminated by moving away from rivers and otherbodies of water, people have traditionally lived and worked by rivers becausethe land is usually flat and fertile and because rivers provide easy travel andaccess to commerce and industry.
A
Fire and flood aretwo of humanity's worst nightmares. People have, therefore, always sought tocontrol them. Forest fires are snuffed out quickly. The flow of rivers isregulated by weirs and dams. At least, that is how it used to be. But forestershave learned that forests need fires to clear out the brash and even to getseeds to germinate. And a similar revelation is now - dawning on hydrologists.Rivers - and the ecosystems they support - need floods. That is why a man-madetorrent has been surging down the Grand Canyon. By Thursday March 6th it wasrunning at full throttle, which was expected to be sustained for 60hours.
B
Floods once ragedthrough the canyon every year. Spring Snow from as far away as Wyoming wouldmelt and swell the Colorado river to a flow that averaged around 1,500 cubicmetres (50,000 cubic feet) a second. Every eight years or so, that figurerose to almost 3,000 cubic metres. These floods infused the river withsediment, carved its beaches and built its sandbars.
C
However, in thefour decades since the building of the Glen Canyon dam, just upstream of theGrand Canyon, the only sediment that it has collected has come from tiny,undammed tributaries. Even that has not been much use as those tributaries arenot powerful enough to distribute the sediment in an ecologically valuableway.
D
This lack offlooding has harmed local wildlife. The humpback chub, for example, thrived inthe rust-red waters of the Colorado. Recently, though, its population hascrashed. At first sight, it looked as if the reason was that the chub werebeing eaten by trout introduced for sport fishing in the mid-20th century. Buttrout and chub co-existed until the Glen Canyon dam was built, so somethingelse is going on. Steve Gloss, of the United States' Geological Survey (USGS),reckons that the chub's decline is the result of their losing their mostvaluable natural defense, the Colorado's rusty sediment. The chub were welladapted to the poor visibility created by the thick, red water which gave theriver its name, and depended on it to hide from predators. Without the cloudywater the chub became vulnerable.
E
And the chub arenot alone. In the years since the Glen Canyon dam was built, several specieshave vanished altogether. These include the Colorado pike-minnow, the razorbacksucker and the round-tail chub. Meanwhile, aliens including fathead minnows,channel catfish and common carp, which would have been hard, put to survive inthe savage waters of the undammed canyon, have moved in.
F
So flooding is theobvious answer. Unfortunately, it is easier said than done. Floods were sentdown the Grand Canyon in 1996 and 2004 and the results were mixed. In 1996 theflood was allowed to go on too long. To start with, all seemed well. The floodwatersbuilt up sandbanks and infused the river with sediment. Eventually, however,the continued flow washed most of the sediment out of the canyon. This problemwas avoided in 2004, but unfortunately, on that occasion, the volume of sandavailable behind the dam was too low to rebuild the sandbanks. This time, theUSGS is convinced that things will be better. The amount of sediment availableis three times greater than it was in 2004. So if a flood is going to do somegood, this is the time to unleash one.
G
Even so, it mayturn out to be an empty gesture. At less than 1,200 cubic metres a second, thisflood is smaller than even an average spring flood, let alone one of themightier deluges of the past. Those glorious inundations moved massivequantities of sediment through the Grand Canyon, wiping the slate dirty, andmaking a muddy mess of silt and muck that would make modern river rafterscringe.
Questions1-7
Do the followingstatements agree with the information given in Reading Passage?
In boxes 1-7 onyour answer sheet, write
TURE FALSE
NOT GIVEN
if the statementagrees with the information if the statement contradicts the information
if there is noinformation on this
1  Damagecaused by fire is worse than that caused by flood.
2  The floodpeaks at almost 1500 cubic meters every eight years.
3 Contribution of sediments delivered by tributaries has littleimpact.
4  Decreasingnumber of chubs is always caused by introducing of trout since mid 20thcentury.
5  It seemedthat the artificial flood in 1996 had achieved success partly at the verybeginning.
6  In fact,the yield of artificial flood water is smaller than an average natural flood atpresent.
7  Mightyfloods drove fast moving flows with clean and high quality water.
Questions 8-13
Complete thesummary below.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer. Writeyour answers in boxes 8-13 on your answer sheet.
The eco-impact ofthe Canyon Dam
Floods arepeople's nightmare. In the past, canyon was raged by flood every year. The snowfrom far Wyoming would melt in the season of 8........................ andcaused a flood flow peak in Colorado river. In the four decades after peoplebuilt the Glen Canyon dam, it only could gather 9........................together from tiny, undammed tributaries.
Humpback chubpopulation on reduced, why?
Then, severalspecies disappeared including Coloradopike-minnow, 10........................ and the round-tail chub.Meanwhile, some moved in such as fathead minnows, channel catfishand 11........................ . The non-stopped flow leaded to thewashing away of the sediment out of the canyon, which poses great threat to thechubs because it has poor12........................ away from predators. Inaddition, the volume of 13........................ available behind thedam was too low to rebuild the bars and flooding became more serious.
答案解析:
 1 NOT GIVEN
  【原文参考依据——A段首句】
  Fire and flood are two of humanity's worstnightmares. 文中只提到了火灾和洪水是人类最糟糕的两类噩梦,并没有说哪一个导致的破坏更大的问题。
  2 FALSE
  【原文参考依据——B段第二至三句】SpringSnow from as far away as Wyoming would melt and swell the Colorado river to aflow that an averaged around 1,500 cubic metres (50,000 cubic feet) a second.Every eight years or so, that figure rose to almost 3,000 cubic metres.
  3 NOT GIVEN
  【原文参考依据——C段】
  C段中并没有提及沉积物的贡献问题
  4 FALSE
  【原文参考依据——D段第三行至第六行】Atfirst sight, it looked as if the reason was that the chub were being eaten bytrout introduced for sport fishing in the mid-20th century. But trout and chubco-existed until the Glen Canyon dam was built, so something else is going on. 初看之下,以为是trout的原因,但是troutchub自大坝建成以来就一直共存,可见是有其他原因造成chub的数量锐减。
  5 TRUE
  【原文参考依据——F段第四行】
  To start with, all seemed well.
  6 TRUE
  【原文参考依据——G段第二句】Atless than 1,200 cubic metres a second, this flood is smaller than even anaverage spring flood, let alone one of the mightier deluges of the past.
  7 NOT GIVEN
  【原文参考依据——无】
  文章并没有提到相关内容
  8 spring
  【原文参考依据——B段第二句】SpringSnow from as far away as Wyoming would melt and swell the Colorado river to aflow that averaged around 1,500 cubic metres (50,000 cubic feet) a second.
  9 sediment
  【原文参考依据——C段首句】However,in the four decades since the building of the Glen Canyon dam, just upstream ofthe Grand Canyon, the only sediment that it has collected has come from tiny,undammed tributaries.
  10 razorback sucker
  【原文参考依据——E段第三句】
  These include the Colorado pike-minnow, therazorback sucker and the roundtail chub.
  11 common carp
  【原文参考依据——E段末句】Meanwhile,aliens including fathead minnows, channel catfish and common carp, ……
  12 visibility
  【原文参考依据——D段倒数第二句】Thechub were well adapted to the poor visibility created by the thick, red waterwhich gave the river its name, and depended on it to hide from predators.
  13 sand
【原文参考依据——F段第十行】……the volume of sand available behind the dam was toolow to rebuild the sandbanks.

第二篇:应对饥荒 Food for thought
回忆4:
写作  
小作文: 线图
大作文: The unlimited use of cars may cause many problems. What are those problems? In order to reduce the problems, should we discourage people to use car?
回忆5:
小作文 折线图
题目:全球通讯设备使用人数变化,五种上网方式使用比例

大作文
题目:many people depend on cars social and working in their domestic,xxxx,needs,The unlimited use of cars may cause many problems. What are those problems? In order to reduce the problems, should we discourage people to use car?
回忆6:
阅 读
passage1:Dity river but clean water
题型:判断+填空

passage2:非洲儿童饥荒
题型:heading+填空+多选

passage3:创新对公司的影响
参考答案:
1.F    2.C    3.G   4.B    5.F    6.E
7.NOT GIVEN      8.NOT GIVEN      9.FALSE
10.TRUE          11.C        12.A     13.D

回忆7:
听 力
P1:应聘救生员工作
题型:填空
Elsinore
077896245
waiter
baseball
beach
diving
October
Saturday
6
radio

P2: 如何成为百万富翁
题型:单选+多选

Questions 11-16
A. See ls as an opportunity to learn
A. Too much confidence
C to be concentrated on what vou did
B. Deal with difficult worker
B. Turn to an expert for help
A. Be cautious

Question 17-18
C Be committed
D Reasonable price

Question 19-20
A Family suppor
B Loan from the ban

P3:老师和学生讨论作业
题型:单选+匹配
待回忆

P4:海狮
题型:填空
待回忆
回忆8:
回忆9:
回忆10:


2020年9月12日雅思考试总体反馈:重磅!9月12日雅思考试IRP命中一半以上听力(2Sections)原文原题原答案!命中A类G类大小作文题目!命中口语绝大部分真题原题! 命中至少两篇阅读原文原题原答案!总体稍难。2020年9月12日雅思听说读写全面大中,全面开花!(疫情期间,全球不同考区时差、A类、G类考生回忆数据比较少、收集不够齐全,待补充,还在不断更新中…)祝贺IRP会员将出现不少雅思高分人才!总体反馈请(复制链接)进入
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