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[国内外] 2020年8月8日、8月6日中国大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案

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发表于 2020-8-3 19:05:28 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2020年8月8日、8月6日中国大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)请看最下面,欢迎英国欧洲考区、北美考区等考生积极回忆在我们微信504918228,ieltstofel3,ielts2013,QQ504918228,QQ26346059上面

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2020年8月8日中国大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)
回忆1:
阅读
第一篇是关于桥
第二篇是什么湖的探测
第三篇是希腊语
回忆2:
写作
1. 日本平均工资 黑白电视 彩色电视
2.活动对动植物不利影响 有人认为行动太迟了 有人认为还有用 你怎么看
回忆3:
听力
1广告 2酒店 3关于数学的 4两栖动物
回忆4:
小作文:折线图
大作文:讨论双方观点
Human activities have negative effects on plant and animal species. Some people think it is too late to do anything about this problem. Others believe effective measures can be taken to improve this situation. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
回忆5:
阅读部分
第一篇:摇晃的桥
第二篇:湖的探测
第三篇:希腊语项目
回忆6:
听力部分
Part1 登广告卖桌子
题型:填空+选择
1-3 填空
1. Address: 124 Green Street
2. Phone number: 6547890
3. on Goods for sale
4-5 选择
4. why does he choose the company?
A. a relative has a successful experience
5. What type of furniture is the desk?
C. office furniture
6-10 填空
6. heading of the advertisement: Bargain
7. feature of the desk: it has a printer shelf
8. condition of the desk: excellent
9. the price of the desk: 99
10. face of the advertisement: 6

Part 2 酒店介绍
题型:选择+匹配
答案暂缺

Part 3 数学讨论
题型:选择+填空 (答案不全,欢迎补充)
21. survey
22. teaching
23. numbers
24. application
25. talent
26. observation
27. whole
28. reading

Part 4 两栖动物保护
题型:填空
Previous research
31. data of conservation scheme
Reasons: 4 types” frogs, toads, salamanders, newts and caecilians are going extinct
Change in the base of the chain
32. some may eat others in the womb by allowing their young to eat their flesh
33. decrease of the pond for feeding
34. Salamanders: male rather than female brings babies
35. change pollution in the habitats
36. due to urban and agricultural development
Habitats
37. mountains
38. and sea
Caecilian: in damp soil
39. habitat is influenced bydweller of farmlands
How to protect hem
Short term: conservation
40. Medium-term: treat the disease effectively
Long term: reduce in the destruction of their habitats
回忆7:
小作文:线形图,日本1953-1973年的平均工资、黑白电视和彩色电视的价格
大作文:人类活动对动植物保护的影响
Human activities have negative effects on plant and animal species. Some people think it is too late to do anything about this problem. Others believe effective measures can be taken to improve this situation. Discuss both views and give your oponion.
回忆8:
阅读
第一篇:桥梁检测技术 (Keep a watchful eye on the bridges )
文章大意:关于如何利用技术来鉴定桥梁的损坏程度。文章涉及到10年来桥梁的状况, 以及LA大学的研究成果,如何利用声纳来检测桥梁的损坏程度, 他们新发明的装置如何安装,如何测量等, 及对未来发展的美好展望
原文:
A     Most road and rail bridges are only inspected visually, if at all. Every few months, engineers have to clamber over the structure in an attempt to find problems before the bridge shows obvious signs of damage. Technologies developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico, and Texas A&M University may replace these surveys with microwave sensors that constantly monitor the condition of bridges.

B     “The device uses microwaves to measure the distance between the sensor and the bridge, much like radar does,” says Albert Migliori, a Los Alamos physicist “Any load on the bridge – such as traffic induces displacements, which change that distance as the bridge moves up and down.” By monitoring these movements over several minutes, the researchers can find out how the bridge resonates. Changes in its behaviour can give an early warning of damage.

C    The Interstate 40 bridge over the Rio Grande river in Albuquerque provided the researchers with a rare opportunity to text their ideas. Chuck Farrar, an engineer at Los Alamos, explains: “The New Mexico authorities decided to raze this bridge and replace it. We were able to mount instruments on it, test it under various load conditions and even inflict damage just before it was demolished.” In the 1960s and 1970s, 2500 similar bridges were built in the US. They have two steel girders supporting the load in each section. Highway experts know that this design is “fracture critical” because a failure in either girder would cause the bridge to fail.

D    After setting up the microwave dish on the ground below the bridge, the Los Alamos team installed conventional accelerometers at several points along the span to measure its motion. They then tested the bridge while traffic roared across it and while subjecting it to pounding from a “shaker”, which delivered precise punches to a specific point on the road.

E    “We then created damage that we hoped would simulate fatigue cracks that can occur in steel girders,” says Farrar. They first cut a slot about 60 centimetres long in the middle of one girder. They then extended the cut until it reached the bottom of the girder and finally they cut across the flange – the bottom of the girder’s “I” shape.

F    The initial, crude analysis of the bridge’s behaviour, based on the frequency at which the bridge resonates, did not indicate that anything was wrong until the flange was damaged. But later the data were reanalysed with algorithms that took into account changes in the mode shapes of the structure – shapes that the structure takes on when excited at a particular frequency. These more sophisticated algorithms, which were developed by Norris Stubbs at Texas A&M University, successfully identified and located the damage caused by the initial cut.

G    “When any structure vibrates, the energy is distributed throughout with some points not moving, while others vibrate strongly at various frequencies,” says Stubbs. “My algorithms use pattern recognition to detect changes in the distribution of this energy.” NASA already uses Stubbs’ method to check the behaviour of the body flap that slows space shuttles down after they land.

H    A commercial system based on the Los Alamos hardware is now available, complete with the Stubbs algorithms, from the Quatro Corporation in Albuquerque for about $100,000. Tim Darling, another Los Alamos physicist working on the microwave interferometer with Migliori, says that as the electronics become cheaper, a microwave inspection system will eventually be applied to most large bridges in the US. “In a decade I would like to see a battery or solar-powered package mounted under each bridge, scanning it every day to detect changes,” he says.

Questions 1-4
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write your answers in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet.
1    How did the traditional way to prevent damage of the bridges before the invention of new monitoring system
A      Bridges has to be tested in every movement on two points.
B     Bridges has to be closely monitored by microwave devices.
C      Bridges has already been monitored by sensors.
D     Bridges has to be frequently inspected by professional workers with naked eyes.
Answer: D   
2    How does the new microwave monitors find out the problems of bridges
A     by changeling the distance between the positions of devices
B     by controlling the traffic flow on the bridges
C     by monitoring the distance caused by traffic between two points
D     by displacement of the several critical parts in the bridges
Answer: C   
3    Why did the expert believe there is a problem for the design called “fracture critical”
A     Engineers failed to apply the newly developed construction materials.
B     There was not enough finance to repair the bridges.
C     The supporting parts of the bridges may crack and cause the bridge to fail.
D     There was bigger traffic load conditions than the designers had anticipated.
Answer: C   
4    Defect was not recognized by a basic method in the beginning
A     until the mid of faces of bridges has fractures.
B     until the damage appears along and down to the flanges.
C     until the points on the road have been punched.
D     until the frequency of resonates appears disordered.
Answer: B   
Questions 5-8
Filling the blanks in the diagram labels.
Write the correct answer in boxes 5-8 on your answer sheet.
5
Answer: microwave dish   
6
Answer: accelerometers   
7
Answer: steel girders   
8
Answer: flange   
Questions 9-13
The reading Passage has eight paragraphs, A–H.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter, A–H, in boxes 9–13 on your answer sheet.
9    how is the pressure that they have many a great chance to test bridges
Answer: C   
10    a ten-year positive change for microwave device
Answer: H   
11     the chance they get a honorable contract
Answer: G   
12    explanation of the mechanism for the new microwave monitoring to work
Answer: B   
13     how is the damage deliberately created by the researchers
Answer: E   


答案解析:
1 D 【根据原文-A】题目翻译:1 传统方式是怎样防止桥梁损坏的,在新监控系统的桥梁出现之前?
A 桥梁必须在每一个动作的两个点进行测试
B 必须密切监测桥梁的微波设备
C 桥梁已经被监视通过传感器
D 桥梁必须时常由专业人员的肉眼检查
A段第一句话 if at all.Every few months,engineers have to clamber over the structure in an attempt to find problems before the bridge shows obvious signs of damage.
2 C 【根据原文-D】末句 题目翻译:2如何运用新的微波监控发现桥梁的问题
A 通过调换设备之间的距离
B 通过控制桥上的交通流
C 通过监测两个点之间的距离产生的运输流量
D 通过置换几个桥梁的关键部分
3 C 【根据原文-C】末句 题目翻译: 3为什么专家认为有问题的设计称为“断裂临界”
A工程师未能应用新开发的建筑材料
B 没有足够的资金来修复桥梁
C 桥体的支撑部分出现裂缝,可能导致桥梁的失败
D 有更大的交通高峰超过了设计师的预期
4 B 【根据原文-E】末句 题目翻译:4 开始,一个基础的方法的缺陷并没有被意识到
A 直到桥梁的中间出现断裂
B 直到损坏沿着上下的凸缘出现
C 直到道路上的各个点被用力推进
D直到共振的频率出现无序
5 microwave dish 【根据原文-D】第一句话 After setting up the microwave dish on the ground below the bridge.
6 accelerometers 【根据原文-D】第二行 Los Alamos team installed conventional accelerometers at several points
7 steel girders 【根据原文-E】第三行that can occur in steel girders.'' says Farrar.
8 flange 【根据原文-E】末句 girder and finally they cut across the flange-the bottom of the girder's"I" shape.
9 C 【根据原文-C】 题目翻译:他们有很多好的改变测量桥压力的方法
10 H【根据原文-H】末句 In a decade I would like to see a battery or solar-powered package mounted under each bridge, 题目翻译:十年对微波器件的积极变化
11 G【根据原文-G】 题目翻译: 一个机会他们获得了荣誉合同
12 B【根据原文-B】 题目翻译 : 解释机制装置为了新的微波监测工作
13 E【根据原文-E】 题目翻译 : 研究人员是如何故意造成破坏的

第二篇:探测陨石湖Detection of a meteorite Lake
原文:
A
As the sun rose over picturesque Lake Bosumtwi, a team of Syracuse University prepared for another day of using state-of-the-art equipment to help unlock the mysteries hidden below the lake bottom. Nestled in the heart of Ghana, the lake holds an untapped reservoir of information that could help scientists predict future climate changes by looking at evidence from the past. This information will also improve the scientist’s understanding of the changes that occur in a region stuck by a massive meteorite.
B
The project, led by earth sciences professor Christopher Scholz of the College of Arts and Sciences and funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), is the first large-scale effort to study Lake Bosumtwi, Earth’s surface. The resulting crater is one of the largest an most well-preserved geologically young craters in the world, says Scholz, who is collaborating on the project with researchers from the University of South Carolina, the University of Rhode Island, and several Ghanaian institutions. “Our data should provide information about what happens when an impact hits hard, pre-Cambrian, crystalline rocks that are a billion years old”, he says.
C
Equally important is the fact that the lake, which is about 8 kilometers in diameter, has no natural outlet. The rim of the crater rises about 240 meters above the water’s surface. Streams flow into the lake, Scholz says, but the water leaves only by evaporation, or by seeping through the lake sediments. For the past million years, the lake has acted as a tropical rain gauge, filling and drying with changes in precipitation and the tropical climate. The record of those changes is hidden in sediment below the lake bottom. “The lake is one of the best sites in the world for the study of tropical climate change,”Scholz says. “The tropics are the heart engine for the Earth’s climate. To understand global climate, we need to have records of climate changes from many sites around the world, including the tropics.”
D
Before the researchers could explore the lake’s surface, they need a boat with a large, working deck area that could carry eight tons of scientific equipment. The boat-dubbed R/V Kilindi-was built in Florida last year. It was constructed in modules that were dismantled, packed inside a shipping container, and reassembled over a 10-day period in late November and early December 1999 in the rural village of Abono, Ghana. The research team then spent the next two weeks testing the boat and equipment before returning to the United States for the holidays.
E
In mid-January, five members of the team-Keely Brooks, an earth sciences graduate student; Peter Cattaneo, a research analyst; and Kiram Lezzar, a postdoctoral scholar, all from SU; James McGill, a geophysical filed engineer; and Nick Peters, a Ph.D. Student in geophysics from the University of Miami-returned to Abono to begin collecting data about the lake’s subsurface using a technique called seismic reflection profiling. In this process, a high-pressure air gun is used to create small, pneumatic explosions in the water. The sound energy penetrates about 1,000 to 2,000 meters into the lake’s subsurface before bouncing back to the surface of the water.
F
The reflected sound energy is detected by underwater microphones-called hydrophones-embedded in a 50-meter long cable that is towed behind the boat as it crosses the lake in a carefully designed grid pattern. On-board computers record the signals, and the resulting data are then processed and analyzed in the laboratory.” The results will give us a good idea of the shape of the basin, how thick the layer of sediment are, and when and where there were major changes in sediment accumulation,” Scholz says, “we are now developing three-dimensional perspective of the lake’s subsurface and the layers of sediment that have been laid down.”
G
Team members spent about four weeks in Ghana collecting the data. They worked seven days a week, arriving at the lake just after sunrise. On a good day, when everything went as planned, the team could collect data and be back at the dock by early afternoon. Except for a new relatively minor adjustments, the equipment and the boat worked well. Problems that arose were primarily non-scientific-tree stumps, fishing nets, cultural barriers, and occasional misunderstandings with local villagers.
H
Lake Bosumtwi, the largest natural freshwater lake in the country, is scared to the Ashanti people, who believe their souls come to the lake to bid farewell to their god. The lake is also the primary source of fish for the 26 surrounding villages. Conventional canoes and boats are forbidden. Fishermen travel on the lake by floating on traditional planks they propel with small paddles. Before the research project could begin, Scholz and his Ghanaian counterparts had to secure special permission form tribal chiefs to put the R/V Kilindi on the lake.
I
When the team began gathering data, rumors flew around the lake as to why the researchers were there. “Some thought we were dredging the lake for gold, others thought we were going to drain lake or that we had bought the lake,” Cattaneo says, “But once the local people understood why we were there, they were very helpful.”
Question 14-18
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1? In boxes 14-18 on your answer sheet, write
TURE if the statement is true
FALSE if the statement is false
NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage
14. With the investigation of the lake, scientist may predict the climate changes in the future.
15. The crater resulted from a meteorite impact is the largest and most preserved one in the world.
16. The water stored in Lake Bosumtwi was gone only by seeping through the lake sediments.
17. Historical climate changes can be detected by the analysis of the sediment in the lake.
18. The greatest obstacle to research of scientists had been the interference by the locals due to their indigenous believes.
Question 19-22
There are three steps of collecting data from the lake as followings, please filling in the blanks in the Flow Chart below:
Question 23-27
Summary
Complete the following summary of the paragraphs of Reading Passage, using no more than three words from the Reading Passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 23-27 on your answer sheet.
The boat-double R/V Kilindi crossed the lake was dismantled and stored in a ___23___. The technology they used called ___24___; they created sound energy in to 1000-2000 metres in to the bottom of the lake, and separated equipment to collect the returned waves. Then the data had been analyzed and processed in the ___25___. Scholz also added that they were now building ___26___ view of the sediment or sub-image in the bottom of the lake. Whole set of equipment works well yet the ship should avoid physical barrier including tree stumps or ___27____ floating on the surface on the lake.

答案:
QQ图片20200808175121.png

第三篇:希腊语言课程
回忆9:
听力
S1 一个男的登报卖二手电脑桌
1-3) Completing the form:
Fairfield news advertisement book details
General information of the man
1 Address:124
Green Street
2 Phone number:
654 7890 ***three@***(given)
3 On ‘
Goods for sale’ section
4-5)Choose the correct letter:
4 Woman:Why do you choose our company?
A a relative's successful experience
B cheap
5 What type of furniture is the desk?
A antigue furniture
B Home furniture.
C office furniture
6-10)Complete the form:
6 Heading of the advertisement:Bargain
7 Feature of the desk:it has a printer shelf 机架
8 Condition of the desk:excellent
9 The price of the desk99
10 Fare of the advertisement6

S2 酒店开业活动 The Montana resort hotel
Newly opened Hotel
11-15)Multiple Choice
11 The advantage for the hotel location?
A access to the airport
B the unpolluted setting
C it is quiet(peaceful)
12 the price of a Standard room
A 85-145
B 145-210
C more than 210
13 the speciality of Room Deluxe
A all rooms have windows on two sides,
B can see mountain view
C has a balcony
14 The hotel encourages families to stay by offering 特色?
A rooms with connecting doors the bedroom of executive Room
B childcare facilities
C discounts at certain times of the year.
15 What does Rob say visitors can do in the Grill Room?
A listen to live musid
B have a full meal or a snack
C see their food being cooked
16-20)Map Matching The Montana resort hotel 配对右边的位置正 确, 但字母标记可能有问题
16 Barn for horses-----A
A 17 tennis court--B
B 18 swimming pool-F
19 golf course---H
20 outdoor facilities manager's office---C

S3 调查学生应用数学解决问题的能力
Investigation on students' feeling and methods applied to solve mathematic problems
Multiple Choice
21 Why do they choose to use interview?
B depth in detail
C the method is different from the one she used to use
22 How to choose interviewees?
A based on large number of majority employees workable
B 她事先和人家说好,然后人家 involve,
C have similar attitude to math
23 What surprises the woman the most?
A They've never thought about their attitude to math
C something about the gender
Table Filling
QQ图片20200808182558.jpg

Completion
28 Research Method: observation of their people's strategies
29 better group of take the mathematic question as a whole
30 some students give up at the first reading the problem
S4 保护两栖动物
Amphibian:Frogs,toads,salamanders,newts,and
caecilians(limbless),Amphibian's population is decreasing:50%is
decreasing and 30%faces extinction; 31-40)Sentence completions
Reference From:
Previous research
31 Data of conservation Scheme
Reasons:why they decrease,in particular 4 types
Frogs,toads,salamanders,newts,and caecilians are going
extinct 32 Living in the base of the food chain 33 Some may eat others in the womb
34 Salamanders:male rather than female which brings babies male carry babies
35 pollution as Decrease damage and of the pond for feeding
36 due to urban and agricultural development
生存环境 habitats
37 对另一个物种环境的威胁 in mountain and 38 sea
How To Protect them?
Short term conservation
39 Medium term:treat
diseases effectively
40 Long term:reduce in destruction of their habitats
回忆10:




2020年8月6日中国大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总(听说读写答案+机经整理汇总)
回忆1:
8月6日
小作文:柱状图
大作文:优缺点比较
In some countries, young people are encouraged to work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university studies.
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for young people who decide to do this.
回忆2:
阅读部分
第一篇:某在线购物网站
QQ图片20200806225009.png

第二篇:
猛犸象灭绝Mammoth  Kill
原文:
Mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideans commonly
equipped with long, curved tusks and in northern species, a covering of long hair. They
lived from the Ptiocene epoch from around 5 million years ago, into the Hotocene at
about 4,500 years ago, and were members of the family Elephantidae, which contains,
along with mammoths, the two genera of modern elephants and their ancestors.
A
Like their modern relatives, mammoths were quite large. The largest known
species reached heights in the region of 4m at the shoulder and weights up
t0 8 tonnes, while exceptionally large males may have exceeded 12 tonnes.
However, most species of mammoth were only about as large as a modern
Asian elephant. Both sexes bore tusks. A first, small set appeared at about
the age of six months and these were replaced at about 18 months by the
permanent set. Growth of the permanent set was at a rate of about l t0 6 inches
per year. Based on studies of their close relatives, the modem elephants,
mammoths probably had a gestation period of 22 months, resulting in a single
calf being born. Their social structure was probably the same as that of African
and Asian elephants, with females living in herds headed by a matriarch, whilst
hulls lived solitary lives or formed loose groups after sexual maturity.
B
MEXICO CITY-Although it’s hard to imagine in this age of urban sprawl and
automobiles, North America once belonged to mammoths, camels, ground
sloths as large as cows, bear-size beavers and other formidable beasts. Some
11,000 years ago, however, these large bodied mammals and others-about 70
species in all-disappeared. Their demise coincided roughly with the arrival
of humans in the New World and dramatic climatic change-factors that have
inspired several theories about the die-off. Yet despite decades of scientific
investigation, the exact cause remains a mystery. Now new findings offer
support to one of these controversial hypotheses: that human hunting drove
this megafaunal menagerie ( 巨型动物兽群)to extinction. The overkill model
emerged in the 1960s, when it was put forth by Paul S. Martin of the
University of Arizona. Since then, critics have charged that no evidence exists
to support the idea that the first Americans hunted to the extent necessary to
cause these extinctions. But at the annual meeting of the Society of Vertebrate
Paleontology in Mexico City last October, paleoecologist John Alroy of the
University of California at Santa Barbara argued that, in fact, hunting-driven
extinction is not only plausible, it was unavoidable. He has determined, using
a computer simulation that even a very modest amount of hunting would have
wiped these animals out.
C
Assuming an initial human population of 100 people that grew no more than 2
percent annually, Alroy determined that if each band of, say, 50 people killed
15 to 20 large mammals a year, humans could have eliminated the animal
populations within 1,000 years. Large mammals in particular would have been
vulnerable to the pressure because they have longer gestation periods than
smaller mammals and their young require extended care.
D
Not everyone agrees with Alroy’s assessment. For one, the results depend in
part on population-size estimates for the extinct animals-figures that are not
necessarily reliable. But a more specific criticism comes from mammalogist
Ross D. E. MacPhee of the American Museum of Natural History in New York
City, who points out that the relevant archaeological record contains barely a dozen examples of stone points embedded in mammoth bones (and none, it should be noted, are known from other megafaunal remains)-hardly what one might expect if hunting drove these animals to extinction. Furthermore, some of these species had huge ranges the giant Jefferson’s ground sloth, for example, lived as far north as the Yukon and as far south as Mexicowhich would have made slaughtering them in numbers sufficient to cause their extinction rather implausible, he says.
E
MacPhee agrees that humans most likely brought about these extinctions (as well as others around the world that coincided with human arrival), but not directly. Rather
he suggests that people may have introduced hyperlethal disease, perhaps through their dogs or hitchhiking vermin, which then spread wildly among the immunologically naive species of the New World. As in the overkill model, populations of large mammals would have a harder time recovering. Repeated outbreaks of a hyperdisease could thus quickly drive them to the point of no return. So far MacPhee does not have empirical evidence for the hyperdisease hypothesis, and it won’t be easy to come by: hyperlethal disease would kill far too quickly to leave its signature on the bones themselves. But he hopes that analyses of tissue and DNA from the last mammoths to perish will eventually reveal murderous microbes.
F
The third explanation for what brought on this North American extinction does not involve human beings. Instead, its proponents blame the loss on the weather. The Pleistocene epoch witnessed considerable climatic instability, explains paleontologist Russell W. Graham of the Denver Museum of Nature and Science. As a result, certain habitats disappeared, and species that had once formed communities split apart. For some animals, this change brought opportunity. For much of the megafauna, however, the increasingly homogeneous environment left them with shrinking geographical ranges-a death sentence for large animals, which need large ranges. Although these
creatures managed to maintain viable populations through most of the Pleistocene, the final major fluctuation-the so-called Younger Dryas eventpushed them over the edge, Graham says. For his part, Alroy is convinced that human hunters demolished the titans of the Ice Age. The overkill model explains everything the disease and climate scenarios explain, he asserts, and makes accurate predictions about which species would eventually go extinct.“Personally, I’m a vegetarian,” he remarks, “and I find all of this kind of gross but believable.”

Questions 14-20
Complete the following summary of the paragraphs of Reading Passage, using no more than three words from the Reading Passage for can answer. write your answers in boxes 14-20 on your answer sheet.
The reason why had big size mammals become extinct 11,000 years ago is under hot debate.First explanation is that 14 of human made it happen. This so called 15 began from 1960s suggested by an expert, who however received criticism of lack of further information. Another assumption promoted by MacPhee is that deadly 16 from human causes their demises.However his hypothesis required more 17 to testify its validity.Graham proposed a third hypothesis that 18 in Pleistocene epoch drove some species disappear, reduced19 posed a dangerous signal to these giants, and 20 finally wiped them out.

Questions 21-26
Use the information in the passage to match the people (listed A-C) with opinions or deeds below.Write the appropriate letters A-C in boxes 21-26 on your answer sheet.
NB you may use any letter more than once
A John Alroy
B Ross D.E. MacPhee
C Russel W.Graham
21 Human hunting well explained which species would finally disappear
22 Further grounded proof needed to explain humans indirect impact on mammals
23 Over hunting situation has caused die-out of large mammals.
24 Illness rather than hunting caused extensive extinction
25 Doubt raised through the study of several fossil records
26 Climate shift is the main reason of extinction

答案:
14 hunting
15 overkill model
16 disease/hyperdisease
17 empirical evidence
18 climatic instability
19 geographical
20 younger Dryas event
21 A
22 B
23 A
24 B
25 B
26 C

答案:
Questions 14-20
14 hunting B段9行
15 overkill model B段10行
16 disease/hyperdisease E段3行
17 empirical evidence E段9行
18 climatic instability F段3行
19 geographical ranges
-- habitats :certain habitats是disappeared 填空写的是reduced 对应shrinking 替换。 所以填geographical ranges F段8行
20 Younger Dryas event F段11行
Questions 21-26
21 A F段少数第3行
22 B E段后一半
B段倒三行有写到John Alroy认为,事实上,hunting-driven extinction不仅是合理的,这也是不可避免的。
23 A B段末尾
24 B E段前一半
25 B D段前1半
26 C F段前2行

第三篇:New Australian Victoria Museum in Sydney 墨尔本国家美术馆
文章大意:
全文主要讲述墨尔本国家美术馆的主要特征和运营的项目。
答案回忆: 单选 27-30
  • What does the author illustrate in the first paragraph?
答案选项为 describing the rule of Art Museums in Australian culture
(描述艺术博物馆在澳大利亚文化中的作用)
  • Contrast the old and new museums, what aspect does the author criticize new NGV?
答案选项为 architecture dosing elements more than art
(给建筑所添加的元素超过艺术本身)
  • What does the writer notice about the new museum?
答案选项为 the orders of room are connected by salon
(房间顺序是由沙龙连接的)
  • What should do if one wants to keep NGV successful?
答案选项为 ebullience passion
(热情洋溢的激情)
判断 YES/NO/NOT GIVEN 31-35
  • NO
  • NO
  • NOT GIVEN
  • YES
  • NOT GIVEN
句首句尾匹配 36-40
  • The museum program will lose its individuality
  • The museum will lose credibility
  • Will lose the museum’s independence
  • Will suffer its reputation
  • increase attendance in the future
  • People will be more willing to come here
  • more capability for increasing revenue
  • try to balance opposing and various demands
  • I. it is financial necessary
  • If a larger space in the museum is available, 答案选 F
  • If children are allowed to move freely in parts of the galleries, 答案选 E
  • If too much emphasis is placed on the building industry, 答案选 A
  • If there is over revenue on blockbusters overused, 答案选 D
  • If museum want to continue to be successful, 答案选 H
回忆3:
TASK 1:
条形图
描述:the chart below shows UK citizens' cost on 3 types by 5 age groups in 2004. 英国各个年龄层的钱都花在哪儿(吃喝/酒店/娱乐)

TASK 2
类型:问题讨论
题目:Some students take a year off from the studying between finishing high school and the university, in order to work or to travel. Do you think the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?
回忆4:
听力
Section 1:孩子周一到周五的活动
题型:填空
1. 7.50
2. playground
3. library
4. party
5. cake
6.garden
细节:playground library有三个地名
(不完整,欢迎补充~)

Section 2:
寄宿家庭项目介绍
题型:选择+填空
11. The host family will
A. earn a big money
B. receive no pay
C. receive stable pay
12. What is the guest expected to overcome when suffering from culture shock?
A. loneliness
B. difficulty to make new friends
C. language barriers
13. What can the guests do if they want to become familiar with host families?
A. talk about personal interesting experience
B. clean their rooms
C. cook together
14. What is likely to happen to the guests in the long run?
A. they will enhance cultural understanding
B. they will gain overseas experience
C. they will know more people from different countries
15-20Map Matching
There are some steps, flow chart of how to apply as a guest.
15. keep in touch with the registration office for vetting.
16. two photos, one for host family, the other one for records which need to confirm your 17. identity.
18. receive acknowledgement within 7 days.
19. you must have an interview with all staff members.
20. finally, you will receive a written decision.

Section 3:
场景:独白-- Music courses in 17Th century

  题型: 5单选+5匹配

  21. 问男生最喜欢女生那首表演曲目的什么:A structure

  22. 说话的两人觉得教授怎么样:B his subject

  23. 学生认为老师为什么没讲某些内容:C teacher has a bad memory

  24. 为什么这个学生要学17世纪的音乐:A he uses the knowledge already learned

  25. 女的对这些设施有什么态度:B disappointed

  26. why content for this course of 17th music的音乐课程还有这样的内容:C influenced by a previous staff's research

  27. material - C individual ability

  28. concert group - G shared the interpretation

  29. reviewing system - A help to be a musician

  30 understanding directions - D historical reason


Section 4 澳大利亚海豚
QQ图片20200806173823.png
回忆5:
回忆6:
回忆7:
回忆8:
回忆9:
回忆10:


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