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[国内外] 2020年1月16日、18日中国大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案...

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发表于 2020-1-14 12:07:34 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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2020年1月18日中国大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总
回忆1:
小作文:表格 六个国家垃圾排放量
大作文:nowadays children have too much freedom.agree or disagree
回忆2:
大作文:leader company by older or young,
小作文bar chart 男女孩去学校比例,在发达,发展中,不发达国家
回忆3:
阅读
第一篇中世纪child
第二篇蜜蜂
第三篇creativity实验
回忆4:
阅读
第一篇电影发展

近似背景文章

The origin of cameras

The history of the camera can be traced much further back than the introduction of photography. Cameras evolved from the camera obscura, and continued to change through many generations of photographic technology, including daguerreotypes, calotypes, dry plates, film, and digital cameras.

Photographic cameras were a development of the camera obscura, a device possibly dating back to the ancient Chinese and ancient Greeks, which uses a pinholeor lens to project an image of the scene outside upside-down onto a viewing surface.

An Arab physicist, Ibn al-Haytham, published his Book of Optics in 1021 AD. He created the first pinhole camera after observing how light traveled through a window shutter. Ibn al-Haytham realized that smaller holes would create sharper images. Ibn al-Haytham is also credited with inventing the first camera obscura.

On 24 January 1544 mathematician and instrument maker Reiners Gemma Frisius ofLeuven University used one to watch a solar eclipse, publishing a diagram of his method in De Radio Astronimica et Geometrico in the following year. In 1558 Giovanni Batista della Porta was the first to recommend the method as an aid to drawing.

Before the invention of photographic processes there was no way to preserve the images produced by these cameras apart from manually tracing them. The earliest cameras were room-sized, with space for one or more people inside; these gradually evolved into more and more compact models such as that by Niépce's time portable handheld cameras suitable for photography were

readily available. The first camera that was small and portable enough to be practical for photography was envisioned by Johann Zahn in 1685, though it would be almost 150 years before such an application was possible.


参考答案:
1.drum    2.rotator    3.paper    4.showing illusion
5.photography    6.mirror    7.disco   8.on a screen
9. T    10. F
11. F several of CC(一种电影) still exist today
12. T     13. NG

第二篇 Researcher on the Tree Crown(树冠研究)
原文:
You should spend about 20 minutes on Question 14-26 which are based on Reading Passage below.
A
The forest canopy-the term given to the aggregated crowns of trees in a forest-is thought to host up to 40 per cent of all species, of which ten per cent could be unique to the forest roof. "We're dealing with the richest, least known, most threatened habitat on Earth," says Andrew Mitchell, the executive director of the Global Canopy Programme/ a collection of groups undertaking research into this lofty world. "The problem with our understanding of forests is that nearly all the information we have has been gleaned from just two meters above the soil, and yet we're dealing with trees that grow to heights of 60 meters, or in the case of the tallest redwood 112 meters. It's like doctors trying to treat humans by only looking at their feet."
B
Tropical rainforest comprises the richest of ecosystems, rivalled only by coral reel for its diversity and complex interrelationships. And a great deal of that diversity lives up in the canopy-an estimated 70-90 per cent of life in the rainforest exists in the trees; one in ten of all vascular plants are canopy dwellers; and about 20-25 per cent of all invertebrates are thought to be unique to the canopy.
C
The first Briton to actually get into the canopy may have been Sir Francis Drake who, in 1573, gained his first glimpse of the Pacific Ocean from a tall tree in Darien, Panama. However, the first serious effort to reach and study the canopy didn't begin until 1929. The Oxford University Expedition to British Guiana, led by Major RWG Hingston, still ended up help of locals when it came to building an observation platform. It was a successful expedition all the same, despite the colony's acting governor getting stuck high up on a winched seat during a visit. In terms of canopy access, the French have proved themselves to be excellent innovators, taking things further with the development of 'lighter-than-air platforms -balloons and related equipment, to you and me. Francis Halle; from the Laboratoire de Botanique Tropicale at Montpellier University took to a balloon in the mid-1980s in order to approach the canopy from above. His work in French Guiana was inspired by the use in Gabon of a tethered helium balloon by Marcel and Annette Hladick. Halle went one further by using a small purpose-built airship-a cigar-shaped balloon with propellers to aid manoeuvrability. "We suddenly had a mobile system that could move around the treetops; there was no other means of doing this," says Mitchell.
D
From this, two balloon-dependent features have developed: the radeau or raft, and the luge or sledge. The raft is a 'floating' platform, employed by French academics Dany Cleyet-Marrel and Laurent Pyot and is essentially an island in the treetops. Made of kevlar mesh netting and edged with inflated neoprene tubes, it rests on top of the canopy, allowing sampling (mostly of plants and insects) to take place at the edges of the platform, and can stay in position for several days. The luge, on the other hand, is an inflated hexagon similar to a traditional balloon basket but with a hole in the bottom covered with Kevlar mesh. Such techniques aren't without their problems, however, "balloons can cover larger areas, especially for collection purposes, but they are extremely expensive- Jibe raft alone cost 122,000 [euro] (86,000 [pounds sterling]) in 2001], nut very effective because you can only reach the tops of the trees, and are highly dependent on the weather, " says Dr Wilfried Morawetz, director of systematic botany at the University of Leipzig. “Balloons can usually only be used in the early morning for two to four hours. Last time, we could only fly three times during a whole week." Given these factors, it comes as no surprise that operations involving these balloons numbered just six between 1986 and 2001.
E
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama. Smith had the idea of using a static crane to get into the treetops. Un-tethered balloons may allow widely distributed sites to be sampled, but cranes allow scientists to study an area of at least a hectare from soil to canopy throughout the year, year after year. "Cranes beat any other access mode. They are cheap, reliable and fast. In two minutes I can reach any point in our forest, which is essential for comparative measurements across species," says Professor Christian Korner of the University of Basel. Korner is using a static crane in a unique carbon dioxide-enrichment experiment in Switzerland, in an attempt to discover how forests might respond to the global increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide (see Swiss canopy-crane carbon experiment, right). For reasons of convenience, cranes are generally situated close to cities or a research center. Leipzig University has a crane not far from the town, the Location allowing scientists to study the effect of city pollutants on forests. In order to increase the amount of canopy a crane can access, some have been mounted on short rail tracks. In "1995, Dr Wilfried Morawetz was the first to use this technique, installing a crane on 150 meters of track in Venezuelan rainforest. “In my opinion, cranes should be the core of canopy research in the future," he says.
F
It appears that the rest of the scientific community has now come around to Mitchell's way of thinking. "I think most scientists thought him mad to consider such a complex field station at first," says internationally respected 'canopist' Meg Lowman, the executive director of the Marie Selby Botanical Gardens. "However, we've all come to realize that a combination of methods, a long-term approach to ecological studies and a collaborative approach are the absolute best ways to advance canopy science. A permanent canopy field station would allow that to happen." With A dedicated group of canopy scientists working together and a wide range of tools available for them to get into the treetops, we're now finally on our way towards a true understanding of the least-known terrestrial habitat.

Questions 14-18
The reading Passage has seven paragraphs A-F
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter A-F, in boxes 14-18 on your answer sheet
14. The Scientific significance for committing canopy study.
15. The first academic research attempt mentioned to get to the top canopy.
16. The overview idea of forest canopy and the problem of understanding the forests.
17. A recognition for a long term effect and cooperation.
18. An innovation accessing to treetop which proved to be an ultimate solution till now.
Questions 19-22
Summary
Complete the following summary of the paragraphs of Reading Passage, using No More than Two words from the Reading Passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 19-22 on your answer sheet.
Scientists keep trying new methods to access to the canopy of the treetop. Though early attempt succeeded in building an observation platform yet the help from the 19 was imperative; further innovators made by the French who built a platform with equipment by using 20 . Later, the ‘floating’ platform of 21 is serving as an island in the treetops. Then finally, there came the next major breakthrough in Panama. Scientists applied 22 to access to the treetops, which are proved to be the center of canopy research in today and in the future.
Questions 23- 27
Use the information in the passage to match the category (listed A-F) with opinions or deeds below. Write the appropriate letters A-F in boxes 23-27 on your answer sheet.
NB you may use any letter more than once
A. Sir Francis Drake
B. Wilfried Morawetz
C. Dany Cleyet-Marrel
D. Francis Halle
E. Christian Korner
F. Alan Smith
23. Scientist whose work was inspired by the method used by other researchers.
24. Scientist who made a claim that balloon could only be used in a limited frequency or time.
25. Scientist who initiated a successful access mode which is cheap and stable.
26. Scientist who had committed canopy-crane experiment for a specific scientific project.
27. Scientist who initiated the use of crane on the short rail tracks.

参考译文:
树冠的研究
A
森林树冠层是用来描述森林中所有树冠总和的术语,是超过40%生物物种的栖息地,其中10%的物种是只生活在树冠上的。Global Canopy Programme是专门研究树冠的组织,它的执行主席Andrew Mitchell说道:“我们正在研究地球上最丰富,最鲜为人知但是 又最受威胁的栖息地。我们对森林认识的问题在于几乎所有我们收集的信息只是从距离地面2米的地方获得的,但是我们却要以此研究关于距离地面60米髙的树,或是最高达112米的红木这样的树木的问题。这就好比医生只能通过看病人的脚来治愈病人。”
B
热带雨林包含最丰富的生态系统,从生物多样性和生物之间关系的复杂性上来讲,只有珊瑚礁可以与之媲美。而其中大部分的多样性的生物都居住在树冠上,据估计雨林中70%-90%的生物居住在树上,有十分之一的导管植物是生长在树冠层,大约20%-25%的无脊椎动物只生活在树冠层。
C
第一个真正意义上进入树冠层进行研究的英国人是Sir Francis Drake,他在1573年在巴拿马的Darien的一刻高树第一次看到了太平洋。但是第一个真正意义上的关于树冠的研究指导1929年才开始。Major RWG Hingston领导的牛津大学科考队赴英属圭亚那进行考察,最终在需要建造一个观察平台时,他们还是向当地人进行了求助。这次科考总的来说还是很成功的,尽管代理领导者在坐着轿子参观的过程中被卡到悬在空中。就到达树冠这个层面而吉,法国人可以说是优秀的创新者,他们通过比空气还轻的平台也就是气球和相关的设备来运送东西。来自Montpellier大学热带植物研究所的Francis Halle在1980年代中期通过一个气球从空中到达树冠。他在法属圭亚那的工作收了Marcel和Annette Hladic在加蓬共和国氦气球的启发。Halle更近一部,他乘坐了专门建造的一个小型的飞行器——长得像雪茄形状的气球,是靠螺旋桨来增加机动性的。Mitchell说道:“我们突然有了一个可移动的系统来在树梢附近活动,除此别无他法。”
D
自此以后,两个以来气球的工具就产生了:筏子或是雪橇,筏子是“漂浮着的平台”,被法国学者Danny Cleyet—Marrel和Laurent Pyot应用在树顶的一个小岛上,是用橡胶渔网边缘配上充气的氯丁橡胶管子做成的。这个小筏子停留在树冠层的顶部,这样可以让生物抽样(主要是植物和昆虫)可以在平台的边缘停留数日。在另一方面,雪橇呈充气六边形,和传统的气球篮子相似,在底部的中间有一个洞,上面覆盖着橡胶网,当然这种技术不是完美的。莱比锡大学系统植物研究所主任Dr Wilfried Morawets说道:“气球可以覆盖更大的区域,尤其是手机信息的时候,但是它们的造价非常高,Jibe筏子造价122,000欧元(约合86000英镑,按2001年的汇率)虽然这种方式很有效,但是只能是研究人员到达顶部并且对天气的依赖性很强。气球只能在淸早使用2-4小时,上周整整一周因为天气原因我们只能出去考察3次。”鉴于以上因素,就不难理解为什么在1986年和2001年间只存六次研究活动采用气球。
E
接下来另一个重要的创新来自巴拿马Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute的Alan Smith,他是采用一个静止的起重机来到达树冠。没有绳子拴着的气球能够大范围地采集样本,但是起重机可以让科学家年复一年地通年集中研究一公顷的范围内从土壤到树冠。Basel大学的教授Christian Korner认为“起重机比其他任何一种方法都要好,它们好,它们又便宜有可靠而且快速。我可以在两分钟之内到达想要到达的森林的任何位置,这对于物种间的比较研究至关重要。” Christian Korner在瑞士用充满二氧化碳的空气中用起重机进行一个实验。试图揭开森林将如何应对全球二氧化碳含量上升。为了简便起见,起重机一般都安置在靠近城市或是研究中心,莱比锡大学在离城镇不远的地方就有一个研究用的起重机,该地点可以让研究者对污染物对森林的影响进行研究。为了增加起重机能到达的树冠的数量,一些起重机放在短的铁轨上。在1995年,Dr Wilfried Morawets是第一个采用这样技术的人,在Venezuelan雨林假期了150米的轨道。他说道:“在我看来,起重机将是未来研究树冠的核心工具。”
F
似乎进行树冠研究的其他人和Mitchell的观点一样,被组委“树冠学家”的Madie Selby Botanical Gardens的执行主任Meg Lowan说道:“期初许多科学家肯定认为Mitchell疯了才会想到建这样一个复杂的实地观察站。但是我们逐渐都点识到,将不同方法进行组合,从而能够用长期合作的方法来进行生态研究是推进树冠研究最好的方法。一个永久的树冠研究站能够做到这一点。”一群致力于研究树冠的科学家通力合作,运用一系列的工具到达树顶,从而可以真正了解最不为人知的陆地柄息地—树冠。”

答案:
14.B    15.C    16.A    17.F    18.E   19.locals
20.balloons    21.raft / rafts    22. (static) crame / cranes
23.D    24.B    25.F     26.E    27.B

第三篇 格林童话
文章大意:
格林童话的一些创作过程,即格林童话最初对世界的一些影响及演变,以及人们对于格林童话看法的发展
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答案解析:
27 利用题目信息定位于第二段“Such lasting fame would have shocked the humble Grimms.”因此,正确答案为NO。
28 利用题目信息定位于第二段“They began their work at a time when Germany had been overrun by the French under Napoleon, who were intent on suppressing local culture. As young, workaholic scholars, single and sharing a cramped flat, the Brothers Grimm undertook the fairy-tale collection with the goal of serving the endangered oral tradition of Germany.因此,正确答案为NOT GIVEN。
29 利用题目信息定位于第三段“ Even today some protective parents shy from the Grimms’ tales because of their reputation for violence.”
因此,正确答案为YES。
30 利用题目信息定位于第四段“The brothers had not foreseen that the appearance of their work would coincide with a great flowering of children's literature in Europe. English publishers led the way, ”,因此,正确答案为NOT GIVEN。
31 利用题目信息定位于第五段,“ Inevitably the boy and girl fall in love and live happily ever after. And parents keep reading because they approve of the finger-wagging lessons inserted into the stories: keep your promises, don’t talk to strangers, work hard, obey your parents. According to the Grimms, the collection served as "a manual of manners".因此,正确答案为YES。
32 利用题目信息定位于第6段,“ Inevitably the boy and girl fall in love and live happily ever after. And parents keep reading because they approve of the finger-wagging lessons inserted into the stories: keep your promises, don’t talk to strangers, work hard, obey your parents. According to the Grimms, the collection served as "a manual of manners".因此,正确答案为NO。
33 利用题目信息定位于第4段,‘’The brothers had not foreseen that the appearance of their work would coincide with a great flowering of children's literature in Europe. English publishers led the way,”因此,正确答案为A。
34 利用题目信息定位于第4段“ Once the Brothers Grimm sighted this new public, they set about refining and softening their tales”,因此,正确答案为C。
35 利用题目信息定位于第6段,‘’Marie's wonderful stories blended motifs from the oral tradition and from Perrault's influential 1697 book, Tales of My Mother Goose“,因此,正确答案为D。
36 利用题目信息定位于第7段,“ Very, says scholar Heinz Rolleke. Love of the underdog, rustic simplicity, creative energy—these are Teutonic traits.”因此,正确答案为D。
37 利用题目信息定位于第7段,“Throughout Europe children were often neglected and abandoned, like Hansel and Gretel”,因此,正确答案为A。
38 利用题目信息定位于第8段,“Bernhard Lauer points to the “universal style” of the writing. you have no concrete descriptions of the land, or the clothes, or the forest, or the castles. It makes the stories timeless and placeless,”,因此,正确答案为H。
39 利用题目信息定位于第9段,”They show a striving for happiness that none of us knows but that we sense is possible. We can identify with the heroes of the tales and become in our mind the masters and mistresses of our own destinies."因此,正确答案为E。
40 利用题目信息定位于第9段, ‘’Bruno BcttelHeim famously promoted the therapeutic of the Grimms’ stories,calling fairy tales the "great comforters. By confronting fears and phobias. symbolized by witches, heartless stepmothers,and hungry wolves,children find they can master their anxieties."因此,正确答案为B。
回忆5:
深圳
小作文是地图题
大作文是已经rich的国家,经济的增长是否可以让人民happier
回忆6:
上海考场
passage 1电影的诞生
Passage 2研究森林的方法
Passage 3格林童话

Task 1 地图题public building 的变化
Task 2是否同意经济过度增长会影响居民幸福
回忆7:
听力部分
Section 1 海岛旅游
1. bring more cash because you could not use the credit card
2. stay at least 4 days
3. caravan tour
4. went sailing
5. must go to the museum
6. white mountain
7. snowboarding
8. having cakes in the mountain cafe
9. you should hire a car
10. buy a map in advance

Section 2 营地地图与相关课程
11-15 地图
QQ图片20200118141405.jpg
11. bike sheds: G
12. snack shops: D
13. fitness shops: A
14. family room: F
15. TV room: H
16-20 选择
16. In the option of drama, where it was held
C. in the lecture room
17. In the option of photograph, it is reserved for
A. beginners who want to learn
18. In the option of write, what will be taught?
A. about poetry technics
19. In the option of music, what will be included
C. giving a performance
20. which one is right related to cache
A. it costs the same as last year

Section 3 日用品调查
21. preserve memories such as photographs
22. show off status such as computers and cell phones展示电脑或者手机的状态
23. reflect tastes such as works of art
24. personal identity
25-27. 多选题
25-27. What kinds of interviewees do they like to choose?
B. different backgrounds
D. different interests
G. the first-year students

28-30. 单选题
28. what does Sarah worry about the questionnaire?
A. the length of time is short
29. What does the essay should start with?
C. the reason why you choose these interviewees
30. What should be finished by the end of April?
B. they should at least finish the interview

Section 4 阳光诱导打喷嚏的现象
31. caused by a faster breathing rate
32. phonic sneeze: an uncontrolled reaction
33. caused by the nerve endings in the face
34. airspeed is like a personal hurricane
35. share the same habit of tears
36. it is light which leads the sneeze, which is not caused by the heat of the fire
37. phonic sneezers are common when relatives are ...
38. depending on the contrast of brightness
39. it will happen after certain of time
40. government conduct experiment on pilots
回忆8:
A卷
Task One
表格题,六个国家垃圾排放量
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Task Two
Some people think that children nowadays have too much freedom. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

回忆9:
B卷
Task One
地图题,public building 的变化,3个地图
Task Two
Some people think that if a country is already rich any addition in economic wealth does not make its citizens happier. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?是否同意经济过度增长会影响居民幸福;

回忆10:
机考(上海)
Task One
bar char,男女孩去学校比例,在发达,发展中,不发达国家
Task Two
The leader or directors of organizations are often older people. But some people say that young people can also be a leader. What's your opinion?
回忆11:
听力
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回忆12:
回忆13:
回忆14:
回忆15:



2020年1月16日中国大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总
回忆1:
大作文With growing population in cities, more and more people live in a home with small or no outdoor areas. Positive or negative development?
回忆2:
小作文1998 2008男女不同年龄段结婚率。
大作文,越来越多人住小房子 没有outdoor areas 好还是不好。
回忆3:
大作文:growing population,more and more people live in small houses or no outdoors areas;Is it a positive or negative development?
小作文:Bar chart
回忆4:
阅读1.chiken  2.运动员饮食 3.game
回忆5:
听力
▋SECTION 1  女生咨询戏曲课程
1. Name:Jan
Creswick
2. Course:Writing for the
theatre
3. Address:No.79,
Palace Street
4. Current occupation:
waitress
5. Starting Date:
13 June
6. Attend the comic course:at
5.30 pm
7. Dietary requirement:no
milk products
8. Preferred:
comedy
9. First source to get information:
drama
10. The form of ads:
leaflet

SECTION 2 音乐节

SECTION 3 课程数据整理

SECTION 4 塔斯马尼亚岛的生态情况和保护项目
31. We can't construct things when birds are
nesting
32. through collecting feedbacks from the public comments
33. this project is outstanding because: no-native animals and farming
Two industries:
34. 1930s: fishing
35. 1950s: mining
36. remove gas from ocean
37. convert plants to a liquid
38. noise form ocean in Australia
39. turtles attacks predators like: crocodiles will attack when turtles are laying eggs
40. personal pets whill have impacts; especially the rats will atttack baby turtles

回忆6:
阅读
P1: 鸡的历史
P2: 运动员饮食
P3: 博弈论
回忆7:
大作文:With growing population in cities, more and more people live in homes with small or no outdoor areas. Do you think it is a positive or negative development?
范文:
People used to live in houses with huge outdoor areas like a garden or backyard, but this is no longer possible for many people as a result of the relentless development of urbanisation. For individual city dwellers, this trend is not a good one, though for the city as a whole, it is positive.
With dwindled outdoor areas, people will find themselves confined to the limited number of indoor activities. If in the past they were able to engage in such activities as walking, gardening, weeding, and planting in their backyard, when they got back home from work, now what people can do is sitting in the sofa and watching TV. While being detrimental to their physical health, this will also make their life untolerably boring, especially for those who love to take care of flowers and plants or to take outdoor exercises.
Worse still, without enough outdoor spaces, people will not be able to find many opportunities to interact with each other. They will spend most of their off-work time isolated in their match-box of homes. As this goes on, they will grow more and more lonely and indifferent to their neighbors. This lack of soical life may result in many mental problems.
The disappearing outdoor space will do harm to the individual city dwellers both physically and psychologically, but it is necessary for the overall urban development. As more and more poeple rush into the cities, the government will have to address their housing and traffic issues. By reducing the outdoor areas, the government can build more houses and roads so as to meet the basic demands of all people.
回忆8:
回忆9:
回忆10:



2020年1月11日雅思考试总体反馈:新年雅思重磅来袭!2020年1月11日雅思命中大小作文题目!命中二到三部分听力(2-4 sections)听力!命中多篇阅读原文原题原答案!命中口语绝大部分真题原题! 1月11日雅思A类G类听说读写全面大中,全面开花!(全球不同考区时差、A类、G类考生回忆不够齐全,待补充,还在不断更新中…)祝贺IRP会员将出现不少雅思高分人才!总体反馈请复制链接进入
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