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[全国] 2019年6月13日英国,德国,法国等欧洲考区雅思A类、G类笔试真题

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发表于 2019-6-5 17:17:42 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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2019年6月13日英国,德国,法国等欧洲考区雅思A类、G类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总
回忆1:
瑞士
大作文:男女分工做家务,现在女性也有全职工作,应该共同负担家务,你的看法
小作文:柱状图 1971-2001年家庭拥有汽车数量的变化
回忆2:
阅读:
第一篇:绿色屋顶
第二篇:生物多样性(Biodiversity)
A.
Itseems biodiversity has become a buzzword beloved of politicians,conservationists protesters and scientists alike. But what exactly is it? TheConvention on Biological Diversity an international agreement to conserve and share the planet's biological riches, provides a good working definition:biodiversity comprises every form of life, from the smallest microbe to the largest animal orplant, the genes that give them their specific characteristics and the ecosystems of which they are a part.
B.
In October, the World Conservation Union (also known as theIUCN) published its updated Red List of Threatened Species, a rollcall of 11,167 creatures facing extinction – 121 more than when thelist was last published in 2000. But the new figures almost certainly underestimate the crisis. Some 1.2 million species of animal and 270,000 species of plant have been classified, but the well-being ofonly a fraction has been assessed. The resources are simply not available. The IUCN reports that 5714 plants are threatened, for example, butadmits that on1y 4 per cent of known plants have been assessed. And of course,there are thousands of species that we haveyet to discover. Many of these could also be facing extinction.
C.
It is important to develop a picture of the diversity of life on Earth now, so that comparisons can be made in the future and trends identified. But it isn't necessary to observe every single type of organism in an area to get a snapshot of the hea1th of the ecosystem.In many habitats there are species that are particularly susceptible to shifting conditions, and these can be used as indicator species.
D.
In themedia, it is usually large, charismatic animals such as pandas, elephants,tigers and whales that get all the attention when loss of biodiversity is discussed. However, animals or plants far lower down the food chain are often the ones vital for preserving habitats - in the process saving the skins of those more glamorous species. These are known as keystone species.
E.
By studying the complex feeding relationships within habitats species can be identified that have a particularly important impacton the environment. For example, the members of the fig family arethe staple food for hundreds of different species in many different countries so important that scientists sometimes call figs "jungleburgers". A whole range of animals, from tiny insects to birds and large mammals, feed on everything from the tree's barkand leaves toits flowers and fruits. Many fig species have very specific pollinators.There are several dozen species of fig tree in Costa Rica and a different type of wasp has evolved to pollinate each one. Chris Lyleof the Natural History Museum in London - who is also involved inthe Global Taxonomy Initiative of the Convention on Biological Diversity - points out that if figtrees are affected by global warming pollution disease or any other catastrophe,the loss of biodiversity will be enormous.
F.
Similarly,sea otters play a major role in the survival of giant kelpforests along the coasts of California and Alaska. These "marine rainforests" provide ahome for a wide range of other species. The kelp itself is the main food of purple and red sea urchins and in turn the urchins are eaten by predators particularly sea otters. They detach an urchin from the seabed then float to the surface and lie on their backs with the urchin shell on their tummy, smashing it open with astone before eating the contents. Urchins that are not eaten tend to spend their time in rock crevices to avoid the predators. This allows the kelp to grow - and it can grow many centimetres in a day. As the forests form, bitsof kelp break off and fall to the bottom to provide food for the urchins intheir crevices. The sea otters thrive hunting for sea urchins in the kelp and many other fish and invertebrates live among the fronds. The problems start whenthe sea otter population declines. As large predators they are vulnerable - their numbers are relatively small so disease or human hunters can wipe them out.The result is that the sea urchin population grows unchecked and they roam the sea floor eating young kelp fronds. This tends to keep thekelp very short and stops forests developing, which has a huge impacton biodiversity.
G.
Conversely key stone species can also make dangerous alien species: they can wreak havocif they end up in the wrong ecosystem. The cactus moth, whose caterpillar is a voracious eater of prickly pear was introduced to Australia to control the rampant cacti. It was so successful that someone thought it would be a good ideato introduce it to Caribbean islands that had the same problem.It solved the cactus menace, but unfortunately some of the moth shave now reached the US mainland-borne on winds and in tourists' luggage - where they are devastating the native cactus populations of Florida.
H.
Organisations like the Convention on Biological Diversity work with groups such as the UN and with governments and scientists toraise awareness and fund research. A numberof major international meetings - including the World Summit on Sustainable Developmentin Johannesburg this year - have set targets for governments around the world to show the loss of biodiversity. And the CITES meeting in Santiago last month added several more names to its list of endangered species for which trade is controlled. Of course, these agreement swill prove of limited value if some countries refuse to implement them.
I.
Thereis cause for optimism, however. There seems to be agrowing understanding of theneed for sustainable agriculture andsustainable tourism to conservebiodiversity. Problems such asillegal logging are being tackled throughsustainable forest ryprogrammes with the emphasis on minimising the use of rainforest hardwoodsin the developed world and on rigorous replanting of whatever trees are harvested. CITES is playing its part by controllingtrade in wood from endangered tree species. In the same waysustainable farming techniques that minimise environmental damageand avoid monoculture.
J.
Actionat a national level often means investing in public education and awareness.Getting people like you and me involved can be very effective. Australia andmany European countries are becoming increasingly efficient at recycling much oftheir domestic waste for example preserving natural resources and reducing the use of fossil fuels. This in turn has a direct effect on biodiversity by minimising pollution and an indirect effect by reducing the amount of greenhouse gases emitted from incinerators and landfill sites.Preserving ecosystems intact for future generations to enjoy isobviously important but biodiversity is not some kind of optionalextra. Variety may be "the spiceof life" but biological variety is alsoour life-support system.

Questions 14-20
Do the following statements agree with theinformation given in
Reading Passage 2
In boxes 14-20 on your answer sheet, write
TRUEIf the statement is true
FALSE If the statement is false
NOT GIVEN If the information is not givenin the passage
14 The term "biodiversity" consists of 1iving creatures and environment that they live in.
15 There are species that have not been researched because it’sun necessary to study all creatures.
16 It is not necessary to investigate all creatures in a certain place.
17 The press more often than not focuses on animals well-known.
18 There is a successful case that cactusmoth plays a positive role inthe US.
19 Usage of hardwoods is forbidden in some European countries.
20 Agriculture experts advise farmers toplant single crops in the field in terms of sustainable farming.
Questions 21-26
Summary
Complete the following summary of theparagraphs of Reading
Passage using no NO MORE THATN TWO WORDS fromthe Reading Passagefor each answer. Write your answers in boxes 21-26 answersheet.
Because of the ignorance brought by media peopletend to neglectsignificant creatures called 21______. Every creature has dietconnectionswith other such as 22 ______ which provide amajority of foods for other species.In some states of Americadecline in number of sea otters leads to the boom of23 ______ Animpressing case is that imported 24 ______ successfully tacklestheplant cacti in 25 ______. However, the operation is needed forthe government toincrease their financial support in 26 ______.

第三篇:第一座城市
文章主旨:
第一部分: 乌尔城的历史起源、地址、当地人的生活习惯等
第二部分: 寺庙的作用
第三部分: Writing 乌尔城文化如何得以保留
判断题6
1 Not Given  定位在第二段开头,乌尔城在伊拉克仍有少量剩余信息,但是没有说是physic remains
2 False
3 True
4 False
5 True   basis 替换了 important
6 False  relatives 亲属。文中说缺粮的时候大家会走出家庭和邻居合作
填空题7
1 待补充
2 pyramid  当地的寺庙盖以金字塔的形状建造
3 待补充
4 storeroom
5 banks  寺庙可以扮演银行的角色在经济困难时提供借贷服务
6 clay   当地人的文字写在湿的clay上得以保存
7 fires

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为更好地促进做好Edward艾华师最新预测,请烤鸭们积极回忆在本文下面评论栏目里面,请尽量详细,并标明城市考点,A/G类,听力,阅读,大小作文,谢谢!特请亚太其他国家,欧洲,北美,南美,非洲等其他考区的烤鸭们也积极回忆吧


2019年6月1日雅思考试总体反馈:重磅!2019年6月1日雅思命中大小作文题目!命中三到四部分雅思听力!命中至少两篇阅读、命中口语绝大部分真题原题! 6月1日雅思听说读写全面大中,A类G类全面开花!(不同考区时差、A类、G类考生回忆不够齐全,待补充,还在不断更新中…)祝贺IRP会员将出现不少雅思高分人才!总体反馈请复制链接进入

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