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[国内外] 2019年5月11日中国大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总

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发表于 2019-5-6 17:49:48 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2019年5月11日中国陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总请看最下面,
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2019年5月11日中国陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总
回忆1:
听力
s1.电影俱乐部,s2resort,s3 publications,s4仿生学,
小作文三个饼图,三个国家的exports的destination,
大作文do you think most of world's problems due to over-population
回忆2:
听力
s1:holbrook。22。senior (错了) 明明听到了 student 。 parking。history。biography。teenagers。
s4: hunting fishing hair steel(阅读有)sports pain   boots tunnel energy
小作文是饼状图 三个饼
大作文是多大程度上支持或者不支持很多世界问题是由人口过多所导致的
回忆3:
听力
S3   trade publication 对 precisely那个 email 对 intermediaries 那个  magazine 对 环保那个 cinema 对captive audience那个 中间还有个啥记不得了 最后一个对update
A类小作文:饼图
大作文:Most of world’s problems are caused by over-population.To what extent do you agree or disagree?
回忆4:
阅读
第一篇讲语言的
第二篇 spider silk
第三篇讲关于说服力的实验(The Secrets of Persuasion)
A
Our mother may have told you the secret to getting what you ask for was to say please. The reality is rather more surprising. Adam Dudding talks to a psychologist who has made a life’s work from the science of persuasion. Some scientists peer at things through high-powered microscopes. Others goad ( 驱赶)rats through mazes ( 迷宫),or mix bubbling fluids in glass beakers ( 玻璃烧杯). Robert Cialdini, for his part, does curious things with towels, and believes that by doing so he is discovering important insights into how society works.
B
Cialdini’s towel experiments (more of them later), are part of his research into how we persuade others to say yes. He wants to know why some people have a knack ( 熟练手法)for bending the will of others, be it a telephone cold-caller talking to you about timeshares, or a parent whose children are compliant even without threats of extreme violence.
C
While he’s anxious not to be seen as the man who’s written the bible for snake-oil salesmen, for decades the Arizona State University social psychology professor has been creating systems for the principles and methods of persuasion, and writing bestsellers about them. Some people seem to be born with the skills; Cialdini’s claim is that by applying a little science, even those of us who aren’t should be able to get our own way more often. “All my life I’ve been an easy mark for the blandishment ( 奉承)of salespeople and fundraisers and I’d always wondered why they could get me to buy things I didn’t want and give to causes I hadn’t heard of,” says Cialdini on the phone from London, where he is plugging his latest book.
D
He found that laboratory experiments on the psychology of persuasion were telling only part of the story, so he began to research influence in the real world, enrolling in sales-training programmes: “I learnt how to sell automobiles from a lot, how to sell insurance from an office, how to sell encyclopedias door to door.” He concluded there were six general “principles of influence” and has, since put them to the test under slightly more scientific conditions. Most
recently, that has meant messing about with towels. Many hotels leave a little card in each bathroom asking guests to reuse towels and thus conserve water and electricity and reduce pollution. Cialdini and his colleagues wanted to test the relative effectiveness of different words on those cards. Would guests be motivated to co-operate simply because it would help save the planet, or were other factors more compelling? To test this, the researchers changed the card’s message from an environmental one to the simple (and truthful) statement that the majority of guests at the hotel had reused their towel at least once. Guests given this message were 26% more likely to reuse their towels than those given the old message. In Cialdini’s book “Yes! 50 Secrets from the Science of Persuasion”, co-written with another social scientist and a business consultant, he explains that guests were responding to the persuasive force of “social proof”, the idea that our decisions are strongly influenced by what we believe other people like us are doing.
E
So much for towels. Cialdini has also learnt a lot from confectionery ( 糖果店).Yes! cites the work of New Jersey behavioural scientist David Strohmetz, who wanted to see how restaurant patrons ( 老顾客)would respond to a ridiculously small favour from their food server, in the form of an afterdinner chocolate for each diner. The secret, it seems, is in how you give the chocolate. When the chocolates arrived in a heap with the bill, tips went up a miserly 3% compared to when no chocolate was given. But when the chocolates were dropped individually in front of each diner,tips went up 14%. The scientific breakthrough, though, came when the waitress gave each diner one chocolate, headed away from the table then doubled back to give them one more each, as if such generosity( 慷慨)had only just occurred to her. Tips went up 23%. This is “reciprocity” in action: we want to return favours done to us, often without bothering to calculate the relative value of what is being received and given.
F
Geeling Ng, operations manager at Auckland’s Soul Bar, says she’s never heard of Kiwi waiting staff using such a cynical ( 愤世嫉俗的)trick, not least because New Zealand tipping culture is so different from that of the US: “If you did that in New Zealand, as diners were leaving they’d say ‘can we have some more?” ‘ But she certainly understands the general principle of reciprocity ( 互惠原则) . The way to a diner’s heart is “to give them something they’re not expecting in the way of service. It might be something as small as leaving a mint on their plate, or it might be remembering that last time they were in they wanted their water with no ice and no lemon. “In America it would translate into an instant tip. In New Zealand it translates into a huge smile and thank you.” And no doubt, return visits. THE FIVE PRINCIPLES OF PERSUASION
G
Reciprocity: People want to give back to those who have given to them. The trick here is to get in first. That’s why charities put a crummy pen inside a mailout, and why smiling women in supermarkets hand out dollops of free food. Scarcity: ( 缺乏)People want more of things they can have less of. Advertisers ruthlessly exploit scarcity (“limit four per customer”, “sale must end soon”), and Cialdini suggests parents do too: “Kids want things that are less available, so say “this is an unusual opportunity; you can only have this for a certain time.”
H
Authority: We trust people who know what they’re talking about. So inform people honestly of your credentials ( 证书) before you set out to influence them. “You’d be surprised how many people fail to do that,” says Cialdini. “They feel it’s impolite to talk about their expertise.” In one study, therapists whose patients wouldn’t do their exercises were advised to display their qualification certificates prominently. They did, and experienced an immediate leap in patient compliance.
I
Commitment/consistency: We want to act in a way that is consistent with the commitments we have already made. Exploit this to get a higher sign-up rate when soliciting ( 征求)charitable donations. First ask workmates if they think they will sponsor you on your egg-and-spoon marathon. Later, return with the sponsorship form to those who said yes and remind them of their earlier commitment.
J
Liking: We say yes more often to people we like. Obvious enough, but reasons for “liking” can be weird. In one study, people were sent survey forms and asked to return them to a named researcher. When the researcher gave a fake name resembling that of the subject (eg, Cynthia Johnson is sent a survey by “Cindy Johansen”), surveys were twice as likely to be completed. We favour people who resemble us, even if the resemblance is as minor as the sound of their name.
K
Social proof: We decide what to do by looking around to see what others just like us are doing. Useful for parents, says Cialdini.“ Find groups of children who are behaving in a way that you would like your child to, because the child looks to the side, rather than at you.” More perniciously ( 有害的),social proof is the force underpinning ( 打基础) the competitive materialism of “keeping up with the Joneses”( 攀比)
QQ图片20190511203316.png
QQ图片20190511203335.png
答案:
27.D     28.C     29.C     30.C    31.A    32.YES    33.NOT GIVEN
34. NO    35. NOT GIVEN   36.B   37.E    38.A   39.D  40.C
回忆5:
听力
S3 各种 ads : trade -network opportunity。web- no graphic limits。magazine-lasting longer relative。movie- captived audience。第一个tv- 准确target 关众。
回忆6:
听力
Section 1 电影俱乐部
1. the name of the suburb: Holbrook
2. the special program is only for the senior citizens
3. student
4. recommend drama type: history
5. good for XXX is popular with teenagers
6. the most welcomed movie is a horror
7. the upper limit of the age: 22
8. biography
9. there is a parking area in this neighborhood
10. software

Section2 RESORT澳大利亚一个新建的度假村
11. Who is suitable to come to the resort?
A. Backpacker
B. Couple
C Kids not allowed. Limited budget..,then..for beloved one
C. Family
12. Which part of ** done she prefer/like most?
A. Town room     
B. Room with individual pool   
C. Private beach
13. Which facility was recently built?
A. Picnic         
B. Golf shop         
C. Horse ranch
14. What attraction does Anna prefer?
B. Rainforest
C. Waterfall
15. Why does the ** like the rainforest exploration
A. It suits for all ages (for all family members)
16. The sound of the birds are only opened
A Mondays and Tuesdays  
B. Thursdays and Fridays
C. Weekends
17-18.What does the ** provide there
A.24-hour café (airport provides bus pick up, no extra fee, every 24 mins)
B. Car transfer
C. Tourist shop
D Free bus
E. Tour booking office
19-20) A Tour visiting educational aboriginal tribe, tourists can
A Learn about***history   
B watch blankets weaving
C meet the artists        
D enjoy local traditional dancing
E Learn about bush herbal treatment (an aboriginal medicine)

Section3
Questions 21-25
What are the advantages of the following types of advertising media?
Choose six letters from A-G in the box, next to questions 21-26
Advantages
A no geographical limits
B precise targeting of consumers
C a captive audience
D no need for intermediaries
E up-to-date information
F networking opportunities
G relatively long-lasting
Advertising media
21 trade publications B
22 Emails D
23 General interest magazines G
24 Websites A
25 Cinemas F
26 Trade fairs G

Section4仿生学,从自然中加以运用的东西
Spider
31. Arctic (Eskimo) people copy the hunting skill of spiders
32. silk from spider which is stronger than steel.
33. finer than human hair
Application
34. environmentally friendly equipment for fishing
35. it can be used to treat sports (athlete) injures
36. medical stitches: self-dissolving (removal) pain.
37. Problem: noise of a train can be reduced
Owl : artificial skill
38. it can help to increase friction, eg. skating boards used in Olympic
39. it can help to reduce vibration on plane and end of a tunnel
40. it can also reduce the loss of energy

回忆7:
A类小作文:饼图,三个国家的商品出口的目的地
大作文 :Most of world’s problems are caused by over-population.To what extent do you agree or disagree?世界上的大多数问题都是由人口过剩产生的。对此你是同意还是不同意?
话题类型:社会
题型:同意与否
关键词: problems, over-population
头脑风暴:
同意:
1. 人口过剩会带来生态环境问题。人口过剩导致对环境和资源的需求增大,对资源和环境的过度开发造成生态破坏。
2. 很多社会问题都是由人口过剩产生的。如就业困难,交通堵塞,住房紧张,人口素质低等。
不同意:
1. 世界上很多问题还可能由生态资源短缺,国家或地区发展不平衡引起的,不能都归因于人口过剩。
2. 人口过剩带来丰富的劳动力,一定程度上刺激了消费;另外,提高人口素质会变人口压力为人口优势。

回忆8:
小作文:
饼图,三个国家的商品出口目的国家占比。The main regions that received exports from three Latin American Countries (阿根廷 智力 墨西哥)
QQ图片20190511184932.jpg
大作文:
Most of world’s problems are caused by over-population. To what exten do you agree or disagree?
回忆9:
阅读
Passage1: 教育学的多元智能理论
参考答案:
1.T
2.T
3.NG
4.F
5.discussions
6.recordings
7.obervation skills
8.construction materials
9.emotions
10.collections
11.proficiency
12.failure
13.individual difference

Passage2: 蜘蛛丝
参考答案:
14.vii
15.v
16.ix
17.i
18.iv
19.vi
20.B
21.A
22.C
23.A
24.bacteria
25gland
26.force

Passage3: 心理学的说服理论
27.C     28.A     29.B     30.B    31.C    32.H     33.A
34. I    35.B   36.E    37.NOT GIVEN  38.YES  39.NO  40.NO
回忆10:
听力
Section1 电影俱乐部
参考答案:
1. the name of the suburb: Holbrook
2. the special program is only for the senior citizens
3. student
4. recommend drama type: history
5. good for XXX is popular with teenagers
6. the most welcomed movie is a horror
7. the upper limit of the age: 22
8. biography
9. there is a parking area in this neighborhood
10. software

section 2 旅游
参考答案:
11. 这个度假的地方适合谁?
B. couples
12. what part of ... does she prefer?
B. room with personal pool
13. which facility was recently built
C. horse ranch for hose riding
14. Anna prefer?
B. rainforest
15. why does the ... like the rainforest exploration
A. it suits for all ages (family members)
16. the sound of the birds are only opened
B. Thursday and Fridays
17-20)多选
17-18. what does the ... provide there
B. free bus transfer
E. tour booking office
19-20. A tour visiting educational aboriginal tribe, tourists can
C. meet the artists
E. learn about bush herbal treatment

Section 3 关于各种媒体的研究
参考答案:
A no geographical limits
B precise targeting of consumers
C a captive audience
D no need for intermediaries
E up-to-date information
F networking opportunities
G relatively long-lasting
21 trade publications B
22 Emails D
23 General interest magazines G
24 Websites A
25 Cinemas F
26 Trade fairs G
27.B. kepp some funds in reserve for when business is slow
28.C. it will make the assighment too long
29.A. getting feedback from customers
30.C. asking employees to describe the product

Section 4 Biomimicry仿生学
参考答案:
31. Arctic (Eskimo) people copy the hunting skill of spiders
32. silk from spider which is stronger than steel.
33. finer than human hair
Application
34. environmentally friendly equipment for fishing
35. it can be used to treat sports (athlete) injures
36. medical stitches: self-dissolving (removal) pain.
37. Problem: noise of a train can be reduced
Owl : artificial skill
38. It can help to increase friction, eg. skating boards used in Olympic
39. it can help to reduce vibration on plane and end of a tunnel
40. it can also reduce the loss of energy
回忆11:
回忆12:


为更好地促进做好Edward艾华师最新预测,请烤鸭们积极回忆在本文下面评论栏目里面,请尽量详细,并标明城市考点,A/G类,听力,阅读,大小作文,谢谢!特请亚太其他国家,欧洲,北美,南美,非洲等其他考区的烤鸭们也积极回忆吧

2019年5月4日雅思考试总体反馈:重磅!2019年5月4日雅思命中大小作文题目!命中三部分雅思听力!命中至少两篇阅读、命中口语绝大部分真题原题! 5月4日雅思听说读写全面大中,全面开花!(不同考区时差、A类、G类考生回忆不够齐全,待补充,还在不断更新中…)祝贺IRP会员将出现不少雅思高分人才!总体反馈请复制链接进入http://bbs.ieltstofelglobal.com/thread-244297-1-1.html  

特别提醒:雅思考试20多年来,有非常严格的规律性和出题思路。全世界有6大考区,而只有一个剑桥考试中心几个人在出题,每个考区一周平均要出一份考卷,一个月很多考区平均出24份考卷。(尤其是2018-2019年以来,中国大陆的广州、北京、上海、重庆,还有北美、澳洲、亚太考区开始增加雅思机考的选择,机考的城市几乎每天都有雅思考试,一个月考官要出20几份雅思机考卷子,机考跟传统纸质考试的区别只是纸质和电脑上考试的区别,考试内容、评分标准、难度等级、考试题型、考试安全设置等方面均与现行的纸笔模式完全一致。)雅思考试如此频繁,如何保证达到难度一样呢,如何保证新题难度、准确度和评价机制公平呢,所以只能是20年来的题库旧题目的有效组合,新题不能超出5%-10%,每份雅思卷子都是90%-99%以上旧题。每一份雅思考试试题其实是大部分旧题原题真题+个别新题目的重新组合,多年雅思考官和专家Edward老师非常熟悉雅思出题规律和听说读写题库出题组合卷子的秘诀,IRP资料因此而诞生!具体请阅读http://bbs.ieltstofelglobal.com/thread-32-1-1.html

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