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[全国] 2019年2月14日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题

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发表于 2019-2-10 20:14:22 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2019年2月14日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总请看最下面,
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2019年2月14日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总
回忆1:
大作文some people claim that the museums and galleries are not need
小作文表格
回忆2:
阅读p1多重任务  p2乌尔城历史 P3债券
回忆3:
阅读
passage 1 世界上第一座城市
文章主旨:
第一部分: 乌尔城的历史起源、地址、当地人的生活习惯等
第二部分: 寺庙的作用
第三部分: Writing 乌尔城文化如何得以保留
判断题6
1 Not Given  定位在第二段开头,乌尔城在伊拉克仍有少量剩余信息,但是没有说是physic remains
2 False
3 True
4 False
5 True   basis 替换了 important
6 False  relatives 亲属。文中说缺粮的时候大家会走出家庭和邻居合作
填空题7
7 待补充
8 pyramid  当地的寺庙盖以金字塔的形状建造
9 待补充
10 storeroom
11 banks  寺庙可以扮演银行的角色在经济困难时提供借贷服务
12 clay   当地人的文字写在湿的clay上得以保存
13 fires

passage 2 Financial Bond
文章主旨:
第一段:债券的历史起源
第二段:债券对政府的作用
第三段:债券价格受通货膨胀、利率变化的影响
第四段:待补充
第五段:不同的债券市场类型
第六段:有时候债券不到期就被收回
第七段:欧盟国家因为使用同一种货币对某一个国家的经济影响
小标题 7
14 Paragraph A  vi
15 Paragraph B  vii
16 Paragraph C  ii
17 Paragraph D  iv
18 Paragraph E  i
19 Paragraph F  viii
20 Paragraph G  iii
多选2
21 A 为重工程基础设施建设筹集资金
22 D pension fund以此盈利
填空 4
23 salt monopoly  古代一个国家在盐垄断的基础上发行债券
24 secondary market 是说pension fund只能在二级市场进行债券交易
25 interest rate
26 quantitative easing

passage  3 多任务Multitasking
文章大意:
研究表明人不能够一心二用.然后一个叫Marois的人做实验证明人不能在看到画面和听到声音时分别作出相应的反应.人辨别所看到的东西是需要时间的.人会有短暂的视觉记忆,选择对刺激物作出相应的反应.一个叫Meyer的人认为通过训练人是可以做到一心二用的.Marois对Meyer的观点提出了些看法.多任务执行能力随着年龄变老而减弱,老年人可以通过加强练习而提高做多任务的能力.
Multitasking Debate – Can you do them at the same time?
Talking on the phone while driving isn’t the only situation where we're worse at multitasking than we might like to think we are. New studies have identified a bottleneck in our brains that some say means we are fundamentally incapable of true multitasking If experimental findings reflect real-world performance, people who think they are multitasking are probably just underperforming in all — or at best, all but one - of their parallel pursuits. Practice might improve your performance, but you will never be as good as when focusing on one task at a time.
The problem, according to Rene Marois, a psychologist at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, is that there's a sticking point in the brain. To demonstrate this, Marois devised an experiment to locate it. Volunteers watch a screen and when a particular image appears, a red circle, say, they have to press a key with their index finger. Different coloured circles require presses from different fingers. Typical response time is about half a second, and the volunteers quickly reach their peak performance. Then they learn to listen to different recordings and respond by making a specific sound. For instance, when they hear a bird chirp, they have to say “ba”; an electronic sound should elicit a “ko", and so on. Again, no problem. A normal person can do that in about half a second, with almost no effort.

The trouble comes when Marois shows the volunteers an image, and then almost immediately plays them a sound. Now they’re flummoxed. “If you show an image and play a sound at the same time, one task is postponed,” he says. In fact, if the second task is introduced within the half-second or so it takes to process and react to the first, it will simply be delayed until the first one is done. The largest dual-task delays occur when the two tasks are presented simultaneously; delays progressively shorten as the interval between presenting the tasks lengthens.

There are at least three points where we seem to get stuck, says Marois. The first is in simply identifying what we're looking at. This can take a few tenths of a second, during which time we are not able to see and recognise a second item. This limitation is known as the "attentional blink”: experiments have shown that if you're watching out for a particular event and a second one shows up unexpectedly any time within this crucial window of concentration, it may register in your visual cortex but you will be unable to act upon it. Interestingly, if you don’t expect the first event, you have no trouble responding to the second. What exactly causes the attentional blink is still a matter for debate.

A second limitation is in our short-term visual memory. It’s estimated that we can keep track of about four items at a time, fewer if they are complex. This capacity shortage is thought to explain, in part, our astonishing inability to detect even huge changes in scenes that are otherwise identical, so-called “change blindness”. Show people pairs of near-identical photos - say, aircraft engines in one picture have disappeared in the other - and they will fail to spot the differences. Here again, though, there is disagreement about what the essential limiting factor really is. Does it come down to a dearth of storage capacity, or is it about how much attention a viewer is paying?
A third limitation is that choosing a response to a stimulus -- braking when you see a child in the road, for instance, or replying when your mother tells you over the phone that she’s thinking of leaving your dad -- also takes brainpower. Selecting a response to one of these things will delay by some tenths of a second your ability to respond to the other. This is called the “response selection bottleneck” theory, first proposed in 1952.

But David Meyer, a psychologist at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, doesn't buy the bottleneck idea. He thinks dual-task interference is just evidence of a strategy used by the brain to prioritize multiple activities. Meyer is known as something of an optimist by his peers. He has written papers with titles like "Virtually perfect time-sharing in dual-task performance: Uncorking the central cognitive bottleneck”. His experiments have shown that with enough practice - at least 2000 tries - some people can execute two tasks simultaneously as competently as if they were doing them one after the other. He suggests that there is a central cognitive processor that coordinates all this and, what's more, he thinks it uses discretion: sometimes it chooses to delay one task while completing another.

Marois agrees that practice can sometimes erase interference effects. He has found that with just 1 hour of practice each day for two weeks, volunteers show a huge improvement at managing both his tasks at once. Where he disagrees with Meyer is in what the brain is doing to achieve this. Marois speculates that practice might give us the chance to find less congested circuits to execute a task-rather like finding trusty back streets to avoid heavy traffic on main roads-effectively making our response to the task subconscious. After all, there are plenty of examples of subconscious multitasking that most of us routinely manage: walking and talking, eating and reading, watching TV and folding the laundry.

It probably comes as no surprise that, generally speaking, we get worse at multitasking as we age. According to Art Kramer at the University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign, who studies how ageing affects our cognitive abilities, we peak in our 20s. Though the decline is slow through our 30s and on into our 50s, it is there; and after 55, it becomes more precipitous. In one study, he and his colleagues had both young and old participants do a simulated driving task while carrying on a conversation. He found that while young drivers tended to miss background changes, older drivers failed to notice things that were highly relevant. Likewise, older subjects had more trouble paying attention to the more important parts of a scene than young drivers.

It’s not all bad news for over-55s, though. Kramer also found that older people can benefit from practice. Not only did they learn to perform better, brain scans showed that underlying that improvement was a change in the way their brains become active. While if s clear that practice can often make a difference, especially as we age, the basic facts remain sobering. "We have this impression of an almighty complex brain, says Marois,"and yet we have very humbling and crippling limits.” For most of our history, we probably never needed to do more than one thing at a time, he says, and so we haven't evolved to be able to. Perhaps we will in future, though. We might yet look back one day on people like Debbie and Alun as ancestors of a new breed of true multitaskers.
答案:
27.C    28.D    29.C   30.D.   31.B   32 C
33 C    34E   35 D   36 B
判断题 4
37 Not Given 文中没说哪个人的研究获得更多或者更少支持
38 Yes    这里popular 替换了 common
39 Not Given
40 No   关于开车的研究结果并不让人惊讶
回忆4:
A类小作文:表格图。
大作文:Some people claim that public museums and art galleries will not be needed because people can see historic objects and works of art by using a computer. Do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
回忆5:
澳洲听力
Section1:不同年龄游泳课程介绍
1. Introduce breathing techniques in water
2. Focus on the safety
3. Improving the diving
4. Intermediate level course are for adults
5.开课时间:13th/ 30th January
6.Eachlearner should bring a towel
7.aim to improve speed
8.bring change to rent locker
9. Required to swin with a hat
10. Improve in confidence

Section2:如何在家庭中节约能源
11. A-start soon
12. C-swift off equipment completely
13. B-online payment
14. C-Not sure which is for gas and which is for electricity
15. A-window
16. B- can’t understand detailed technique
17-20 多选题
17. D-turn off tap while brushing teeth
18. E-repair drained tap
19. A-热水器最好调到几度电
20. D-省电的设备

Section3:老房子的研究
一女生要做一个有关旧楼历史的project ,向导师请教
21. 了解village 的历史
22. reason why choose the topic
23. 写个 ground plan
24.详细描述 problems
25. 利用图书馆里的maps
26. 要去实地考察这个老房子,要关注的是fireplaces
27.如果叔叔同意可以拿a piece of wood再做研究
28.房屋的结构:age
29.接着是要写上unanswered questions
30. 导师让她关注一下occupancy

Section4:一个关于飞机发展的 speech
31. recently, a fast growth of construction of new airports?
C. deserves close attention
32. one noticeable fact is that construction of new airport is?
B. more important than other buildings
33. what are r=the airport, cities and town in common?
A. respond to change
配对题:
Scenarios 1 - 5 配对一些关键词
34. S1 - there are more expensive flights because the economic depression
35. S2 - there are emerging new airports
36. S3 - there are also new transports patter appeared
37. S4. people's interest in flying is declining in Western countries
38. S5 - airlines can not hold business because the costly maintenance
填空题:
The disadvantages of air travel
39. if the environmental problems continue, airport must be imposed on the "green tax".
40. flight will close down if a trip does not get an insurance
回忆6:
亚太听力
S1 一个女的要买房子,问租还是买
1.地址: 59 Franklyn Avenue
2. postcode: TH1260S
3.telephone number: 019488536
4.房子样式traditional style
5-6是租房条件
5. central heating
6.village
7. garage
8. 最高租金bank loan 120,000
9.银行所在位置Park Sguare
10. collect details in person

S2 骑马俱乐部
11.C. can book individual lessons
12.B. pay deposite to use the equipment
13.C. book in advance
14.B. Consult instructor
15. B.Footwer
16.A.mobile phone
17.A. for disability
18.cafe  D
19.booking office C
20.waiting area E

S3  咖啡调查报告分数不高,探讨原因
21-23.报告被扣分的原因:
21.选:working style,
22. late submission,
23. lack of research
24. Just coffee公司在增进communication方面提供:选A
A. technical support   B.financial aids  C.XXX   
25. 数据增长:选triple(老师提出数据增长不止2倍,而是triple
26. 老师说她还应该包括:选A. Farming method
A. Farming method B. market expansion C. producer countries
27. 老师让学生写个reference document
28. products need to be mentioned
29. 有什么equipment, like computers
30. 有个so called项目叫做Knowledge Sharing

S4 昆虫作为食物
回忆7:
回忆8:
回忆9:
回忆10:
回忆11:
回忆12:

为更好地促进做好Edward艾华师最新预测,请烤鸭们积极回忆在本文下面评论栏目里面,请尽量详细,并标明城市考点,A/G类,听力,阅读,大小作文,谢谢!特请亚太其他国家,欧洲,北美,南美,非洲等其他考区的烤鸭们也积极回忆吧

2019年1月26日雅思考试总体反馈:2019年1月26日听力命中三部分旧题、命中大小作文原题、命中两篇阅读、口语大部分真题原题,1月26日雅思听说读写全面大中,A类G类全面开花!(雅思G类、雅思机考,不同考区时差、考生回忆不够齐全,待补充,还在不断更新中…)祝贺IRP会员将出现不少雅思高分人才!总体反馈请复制链接进入http://bbs.ieltstofelglobal.com/thread-243252-1-1.html
特别提醒:雅思考试20多年来,有非常严格的规律性和出题思路。全世界有6大考区,而只有一个剑桥考试中心几个人在出题,每个考区一周平均要出一份考卷,一个月很多考区平均出24份考卷。(尤其是2018-2019年以来,中国大陆的广州、北京、上海、重庆,还有澳洲、亚太考区开始增加雅思机考的选择,机考的城市几乎每天都有雅思考试,一个月考官要出20几份雅思机考卷子,机考跟传统纸质考试的区别只是纸质和电脑上考试的区别,考试内容、评分标准、难度等级、考试题型、考试安全设置等方面均与现行的纸笔模式完全一致。)雅思考试如此频繁,如何保证达到难度一样呢,如何保证新题难度、准确度和评价机制公平呢,所以只能是20年来的题库旧题目的有效组合,新题不能超出5%-10%,每份雅思卷子都是90%-99%以上旧题。每一份雅思考试试题其实是大部分旧题原题真题+个别新题目的重新组合,多年雅思考官和专家Edward老师非常熟悉雅思出题规律和听说读写题库出题组合卷子的秘诀,IRP资料因此而诞生!具体请阅读http://bbs.ieltstofelglobal.com/thread-32-1-1.html
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