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[国内外] 2019年1月17日中国大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总

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发表于 2019-1-14 10:51:22 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2019年1月17日中国陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总请看最下面,
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2019年1月17日中国陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总
回忆1:
QQ图片20190117123349.png
回忆2:
小作文条形图 写一个欧洲国家三个时间的几个景点游客数量的变化 大作文food waste 为什么怎么解决
回忆3:
阅读
第一篇:婴儿知道什么
What do Babies Know
What do babies know?
As Daniel Haworth is settled into a high chair and wheeled behind a black screen, a sudden look of worry furrows his 9-month-old brow. His dark blue eyes dart left and right in search of the familiar reassurance of his mother's face. She calls his name and makes soothing noises, but Daniel senses something unusual is happening. He sucks his fingers for comfort, but, finding no solace, his mouth crumples, his body stiffens, and he lets rip an almighty shriek of distress. Mom picks him up, reassures him, and two minutes later, a chortling and alert Daniel returns to the darkened booth behind the screen and submits himself to Babylab, a unit set up in 2005 at the University of Manchester in northwest England to investigate how babies think.
Watching infants piece life together, seeing their senses, emotions and motor skills take shape, is a source of mystery and endless fascination-at least to parents and developmental psychologists. We can decode their signals of distress or read a million messages into their first smile. But how much do we really know about what's going on behind those wide, innocent eyes? How much of their understanding of and response to the world comes preloaded at birth? How much is built from scratch by experience? Such are the questions being explored at Babylab. Though the facility is just 18 months old and has tested only 100 infants, it's already challenging current thinking on what babies know and how they come to know it.
Daniel is now engrossed in watching video clips of a red toy train on a circular track. The train disappears into a tunnel and emerges on the other side. A hidden device above the screen is tracking Daniel's eyes as they follow the train and measuring the diameter of his pupils 50 times a second. As the child gets bored-or "habituated", as psychologists call the process-his attention level steadily drops. But it picks up a little whenever some novelty is introduced. The train might be green, or it might be blue. And sometimes an impossible thing happens-the train goes into the tunnel one color and comes out another.
Variations of experiments like this one, examining infant attention, have been a standard tool of developmental psychology ever since the Swiss pioneer of the field, Jean Piaget, started experimenting on his children in the 1920s. Piaget's work led him to conclude that infants younger than 9 months have no innate knowledge of how the world works or any sense of "object permanence" (that people and things still exist even when they're not seen). Instead, babies must gradually construct this knowledge from experience. Piaget's "constructivist" theories were massively influential on postwar educators and psychologists, but over the past 20 years or so they have been largely set aside by a new generation of "nativist" psychologists and cognitive scientists whose more sophisticated experiments led them to theorize that infants arrive already equipped with some knowledge of the physical world and even rudimentary programming for math and language. Babylab director Sylvain Sirois has been putting these smart-baby theories through a rigorous set of tests. His conclusions so far tend to be more Piagetian: "Babies," he says, "know squat."

第二篇:长叶松树
阅读26答案-古松树-ancient bristlecone pine
1 I 原文参考I段的中间第5-6行,人类活动对古松树生存环境的威胁
2 C 原文参考C段的中间第5-6行,对古松树年轮rings的解释
3 D 末句,从过去到现在的记录
4 A 在恶劣的环境下生存下来 , 原文harsh=hostile 恶劣的

5 B 原文参考A段倒五行,古松树长寿longevity吸引着作者的注意
6 A 原文参考G段的第三行
7 D 原文参考D段,环境变化的不同导致年轮宽窄不一。

8 energy 原文参考第五段的第7行 储存能量提供充足CholorophyII,saving=reserving 保存
9 stratification 原文参考第五E段的第10行 require 替换了rely on,primary=initial  原始的
10 (bands of)bark 原文参考第五段的最后一句话,原文中 intact=remain complete 完好无缺
11 (dry mountain) air 原文参考第六段的第6行,原文是dry, windy, and often freezing mountain air,freezing题目已经用cold climate体现了。
12 ground cover 原文第6F段的倒数第3行,题干中已有Plants = vegetation ;12题在F段倒数4行a lack of =little
13 distance 原文参考第7G段的倒数第四行
第三篇:遗忘的森森
第一篇 遗落的森林 (Saving a Forgotten forests-- The longleaf pine)
  Found only in the Deep South of America, longleaf pine woodlands have dwindled to about 3percent of their former range, but new efforts are under way to restore them.
  A
The beauty and the biodiversity of the longleaf pine forest are well-kept secrets, even in its native South. Yet it is among the richest ecosystems in North America, rivaling tall grass prairies and the ancient forests of the Pacific Northwest in the number of species it shelters. And like those two other disappearing wildlife habitats, longleaf is also critically endangered.
  B
In longleaf pine forests, trees grow widely scattered, creating an open, park like environment, more like a savanna than a forest. The trees are not so dense as to block the sun. This openness creates a forest floor that is among the most diverse in the world, where plants such as many-flowered grass pinks, trumpet pitcher plants, Venus flytraps, lavender ladies and pineland bog-buttons grow. As many as 50different species of wildflowers, shrubs, grasses and ferns have been cataloged in just a single square meter.
  C
Once, nearly 92 million acres of longleaf forest flourished from Virginia to Texas, the only place in the world where it is found. By the turn of the 21st century, however, virtually all of it had been logged, paved or farmed into oblivion. Only about 3 percent of the original range still supports longleaf forest, and only about 10,000 acres of that is uncut old-growth—the rest is forest that has regrown after cutting.
  D
Figuring out how to bring back the piney woods also will allow biologists to help the plants and animals that depend on this habitat. Nearly two-thirds of the declining, threatened or endangered species in the southeastern United States are associated with longleaf. The outright destruction of longleaf is only part of their story, says Mark Danaher, the biologist for South Carolina’s Francis Marion National Forest. He says the demise of these animals and plants also is tied to a lack of fire, which once swept through the southern forests on a regular basis. "Fire is absolutely critical for this ecosystem and for the species that depend on it," says Danaher.
  E
Name just about any species that occurs in longleaf and you can find a connection to fire. Bachman’s sparrow is a secretive bird with a beautiful song that echoes across the longleaf flatwoods. It tucks its nest on the ground beneath dumps of wiregrass and little bluestem in the open under-story. But once fire has been absent for several years, and a tangle of shrubs starts to grow, the sparrows disappear. Gopher tortoises, the only native land tortoises east of the Mississippi, are also abundant in longleaf. A keystone species for these forests, its burrows provide homes and safety to more than 300 species of vertebrates and invertebrates ranging from eastern diamond-back rattlesnakes to gopher frogs. If fire is suppressed, however, the tortoises are choked out. "If we lose fire," says Bob Mitchell, an ecologist at the Jones Center, "we lose wildlife.’
  F
Without fire, we also lose longleaf. Fire knocks back the oaks and other hardwoods that can grow up to overwhelm longleaf forests. "They are fire forests," Mitchell says. "They evolved in the lightning capital of the eastern United States." And it wasn’t only lightning strikes that set the forest aflame. “Native Americans also lit fires to keep the forest open," Mitchell says. “So did the early pioneers. They helped create the longleaf pine forests that we know today."
  G
Fire also changes how nutrients flow throughout longleaf ecosystems, in ways we are just beginning to understand. For example, researchers have discovered that frequent fires provide extra calcium, which is critical for egg production, to endangered red-cockaded woodpeckers. Frances James, a retired avian ecologist from Florida State University, has studied these small black-and-white birds for more than two decades in Florida’s sorawling Apalachicola National Forest. When she realised female woodpeckers laid larger clutches in the first breeding season after their territories were burned, she and her colleagues went searching for answers. "We learned calcium is stashed away in woody shrubs when the forest is not burned," James says. "But when there is a fire, a pulse of calcium moves down into the soil and up into the longleaf." Eventually, this calcium makes its way up the food chain to a tree-dwelling species of ant, which is the red-cockaded’s favorite food. The result: more calcium for the birds, which leads to more eggs, more young and more woodpeckers.
  H
Today, fire is used as a vital management tool for preserving both longleaf and its wildlife. Most of these fires are prescribed burns, deliberately set with a drip torch. Although the public often opposes any type of fire—and the smoke that goes with it—these frequent, low-intensity bums reduce the risk of catastrophic conflagrations. "Forests are going to bum," says Amadou Diop, NWF’s southern forests restoration manager. "It’s just a question of when. With prescribed bums, we can pick the time and the place."
  I
Restoring longleaf is not an easy task. The herbaceous layer—the understory of wiregrasses and other plants, also needs to be re-created. In areas where the land has not been chewed up by farming, but converted to loblolly or slash pine plantations, the seed bank of the longleaf forest usually remains viable beneath the soil. In time, this original vegetation can be coaxed back. Where agriculture has destroyed the seeds, however, wiregrass must be replanted. cost solutions.
  J
Bringing back longleaf is not for the short-sighted, however. Few of us will be alive when the pines being planted today become mature forests in 70 to 80 years. But that is not stopping longleaf enthusiasts. "Today, it’s getting hard to find longleaf seedlings to buy," one of the private landowners says. “Everyone wants them. Longleaf is in a resurgence."
Questions 1-6
  Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.
  Write your answers in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.
  Forest fire ensures that:
  • it help the Birds locate their 1____ in the ground.
  • The burrows of a species of 2_____ provide homes to many other animals. Hardwoods such as 3_____ don’t take over.
  Apart from fires lit by 4____.
  • Fires are created by 5____ and European settlers.
  • Fires deliberately lit are called 6____
  Question 7-9
  Complete the flow-chart below.
  Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
  Write your answers in boxes 6-9 on your answer sheet.
  How to increase the number of cockaded woodpeckers Calcium stored in shrubs
  ↓
  Shrubs are burned
  Calcium released into 7.......
  And travel up to the leaves
  ↓
  8........ are eaten
  ↓
  Number of 9....... increases
  ↓
  More cockaded woodpeckers
  Questions 10-13
  Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
  In boxes 10-13 on your answer sheet, write
  TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
  FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
  NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
  10 The sparse distribution of longleaf pine trees leads to the most diversity of species.
  11 It is easier to restore forests converted to farms than forests converted to plantations.
  12 The technology in recreating the herbaceous layer will phase out in near future due to the high cost
  13 Few people in this restoration program will see the replanted forest reach its maturity
回忆4:
小作文:柱状图
大作文:In some countries, people waste a lot of food which is bought in shops  and restaurants.What do you think are the reasons? What can be done to solve this problem?
回忆5:
小作文
Task 1
The chart below shows the number of visitors to the mainattractions in a Europe country between 1981 and 2001.

大作文
Task 2
In some countries,people waste a lot of food which is bought in shops and restaurants. What doyou think are the reasons? What can be done to solve this problem?
原因:
教育:由于日益激烈的竞争学校focus on 理论学习,忽略了一些基础素质的教育,包括节省食物等,所以孩子们这方面意识也很薄弱,才会去浪费在商店和饭馆买的食物;
同时,经济的发展让食物的价格相对变得比较低,人们觉得一点食物没有很大的价值,所以相对不珍惜这些食物;
解决方法:
学校加入素质教育的课程,让孩子们对节约等素质有一定的了解,加强了这些意识,就会慢慢地改变浪费食物的行为;
父母在家可以让孩子们体会做饭和种植的辛苦,孩子们就知道这些食物来之不易了,这样他们知道致谢食物的价值;
回忆6:
听力
section 1
内容:一家Hotel和打印公司的谈话
题型:填空题
难度:简单
参考答案:
1. Hotel name: Central
2. Size: logo
3. 把books从酒店移除
4. 可以增加的照片: guests
5. Prices
6. ....
7. Spanish
8. Cliffiton
9. July
10. 093033609
section 2
内容:the expansion of the library
题型:单选题+配对题
难度:中等
参考答案:
1. A Not very well
2. B lack of publicity
3. A damage
4. A go up
5. C lighting
6. C downstairs
7. A behind the large area
8. D cafe is the right of the entrance
9. G between staff room
10. E
section 3
内容:讨论Jeans
题型:单选题+配对题
难度:中等
参考答案:
1. C 布料来自意大利
2. C 牛仔在当地很受欢迎
3. A
4. C 原来是人们穿牛仔的原因是有口袋
5. B 牛仔被人们喜欢是因为很时尚
6. A
section 4
内容:介绍电影和导演
题型:填空
难度:中等
参考答案:
31. Lifetime
32. Actors
33. Lights
34. ..
35. ..
36. Words
37. Detail
38. Myth
39. Emotion
40. Things

回忆7:
Reading 阅读
Passage 1 长针叶松树,旧题
参考答案:
nests
tortoises
oaks
Native Americans
prescribed burns
shrubs
soil
Ants
eggs
True
False
Not Given
True

Passage 2 计算方式,新题
参考答案:暂无

Passage 3 what do babies know?旧题
参考答案:
判断:True、Not Given、False、Not Given、True
配对:B、E、A、D、C
选择:B、A、D
回忆8:
听力
Section 1  酒店制作册子
参考答案(旧题):
1.Central Hotel
2.address
3.pool
4.reception
5.view
6.price/prices
7.Spanish
8.July
9.Cliffton
10.903036602

Section 2 图书馆的扩张,有地图
参考答案(旧题):
1.A he's not very well
2.B lack of publicity
3.A building facility was destroyed
4.A it has no renovation since founded
5.C lighting
6.C
7.E
8.B
9.H
10.G

Section 3 fashion讨论——新题
答案:暂无

Section 4 导演
参考答案(旧题)
1.depth
2.emotion
3.actors
4.light
5.words
6.dreams
7.purpose
8.myth
9.family
10.accept
回忆9:
回忆10:


为更好地促进做好Edward艾华师最新预测,请烤鸭们积极回忆在本文下面评论栏目里面,请尽量详细,并标明城市考点,A/G类,听力,阅读,大小作文,谢谢!特请亚太其他国家,欧洲,北美,南美,非洲等其他考区的烤鸭们也积极回忆吧


2019年1月12日雅思考试总体反馈:2019年1月12日听力命中三部分旧题、命中大小作文原题、命中多篇阅读、口语大部分真题原题,1月12日雅思听说读写全面大中,A类G类全面开花!(雅思G类机考,不同考区时差、考生回忆不够齐全,待补充,还在不断更新中…)祝贺IRP会员将出现不少雅思高分人才!总体反馈请复制链接进入
特别提醒:雅思考试20多年来,有非常严格的规律性和出题思路。全世界有6大考区,而只有一个剑桥考试中心几个人在出题,每个考区一周平均要出一份考卷,一个月很多考区平均出24份考卷。(尤其是2018-2019年以来,中国大陆的广州、北京、上海、重庆,还有澳洲、亚太考区开始增加雅思机考的选择,机考的城市几乎每天都有雅思考试,一个月考官要出20几份雅思机考卷子,机考跟传统纸质考试的区别只是纸质和电脑上考试的区别,考试内容、评分标准、难度等级、考试题型、考试安全设置等方面均与现行的纸笔模式完全一致。)雅思考试如此频繁,如何保证达到难度一样呢,如何保证新题难度、准确度和评价机制公平呢,所以只能是20年来的题库旧题目的有效组合,新题不能超出5%-10%,每份雅思卷子都是90%-99%以上旧题。每一份雅思考试试题其实是大部分旧题原题真题+个别新题目的重新组合,多年雅思考官和专家Edward老师非常熟悉雅思出题规律和听说读写题库出题组合卷子的秘诀,IRP资料因此而诞生!具体请阅读http://bbs.ieltstofelglobal.com/thread-32-1-1.html

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