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[国内外] 2019年1月12日中国大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总

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发表于 2019-1-7 10:38:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2019年1月12日中国陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总请看最下面,
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2019年1月12日中国陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总
回忆1:
part1考的是pie chart和table 内容是毕业生就业情况 各职业占比和平均工资
part2是现在越来越多人选择独居或者和小家庭一起住了 这是不是好的趋势
回忆2:
阅读
第一篇 脸盲研究
文章大意:针对一种人容易对别人的面庞无意识的解释。说怎样研究他们忘性大,还说了先天和后天的两种可能性

答案:
1. F    2. F  3. NG   4. T   5. F   6. T   7. NG
8. animals     9.待补充     10.待补充  11.gene     12.left    13.cheating

第二篇 猛犸象
猛犸象灭绝Mammoth  Kill
Mammoth Kill
Mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideans commonly
equipped with long, curved tusks and in northern species, a covering of long hair. They
lived from the Ptiocene epoch from around 5 million years ago, into the Hotocene at
about 4,500 years ago, and were members of the family Elephantidae, which contains,
along with mammoths, the two genera of modern elephants and their ancestors.
A
Like their modern relatives, mammoths were quite large. The largest known
species reached heights in the region of 4m at the shoulder and weights up
t0 8 tonnes, while exceptionally large males may have exceeded 12 tonnes.
However, most species of mammoth were only about as large as a modern
Asian elephant. Both sexes bore tusks. A first, small set appeared at about
the age of six months and these were replaced at about 18 months by the
permanent set. Growth of the permanent set was at a rate of about l t0 6 inches
per year. Based on studies of their close relatives, the modem elephants,
mammoths probably had a gestation period of 22 months, resulting in a single
calf being born. Their social structure was probably the same as that of African
and Asian elephants, with females living in herds headed by a matriarch, whilst
hulls lived solitary lives or formed loose groups after sexual maturity.
B
MEXICO CITY-Although it’s hard to imagine in this age of urban sprawl and
automobiles, North America once belonged to mammoths, camels, ground
sloths as large as cows, bear-size beavers and other formidable beasts. Some
11,000 years ago, however, these large bodied mammals and others-about 70
species in all-disappeared. Their demise coincided roughly with the arrival
of humans in the New World and dramatic climatic change-factors that have
inspired several theories about the die-off. Yet despite decades of scientific
investigation, the exact cause remains a mystery. Now new findings offer
support to one of these controversial hypotheses: that human hunting drove
this megafaunal menagerie ( 巨型动物兽群)to extinction. The overkill model
emerged in the 1960s, when it was put forth by Paul S. Martin of the
University of Arizona. Since then, critics have charged that no evidence exists
to support the idea that the first Americans hunted to the extent necessary to
cause these extinctions. But at the annual meeting of the Society of Vertebrate
Paleontology in Mexico City last October, paleoecologist John Alroy of the
University of California at Santa Barbara argued that, in fact, hunting-driven
extinction is not only plausible, it was unavoidable. He has determined, using
a computer simulation that even a very modest amount of hunting would have
wiped these animals out.
C
Assuming an initial human population of 100 people that grew no more than 2
percent annually, Alroy determined that if each band of, say, 50 people killed
15 to 20 large mammals a year, humans could have eliminated the animal
populations within 1,000 years. Large mammals in particular would have been
vulnerable to the pressure because they have longer gestation periods than
smaller mammals and their young require extended care.
D
Not everyone agrees with Alroy’s assessment. For one, the results depend in
part on population-size estimates for the extinct animals-figures that are not
necessarily reliable. But a more specific criticism comes from mammalogist
Ross D. E. MacPhee of the American Museum of Natural History in New York
City, who points out that the relevant archaeological record contains barely a dozen examples of stone points embedded in mammoth bones (and none, it should be noted, are known from other megafaunal remains)-hardly what one might expect if hunting drove these animals to extinction. Furthermore, some of these species had huge ranges the giant Jefferson’s ground sloth, for example, lived as far north as the Yukon and as far south as Mexicowhich would have made slaughtering them in numbers sufficient to cause their extinction rather implausible, he says.
E
MacPhee agrees that humans most likely brought about these extinctions (as well as others around the world that coincided with human arrival), but not directly. Rather
he suggests that people may have introduced hyperlethal disease, perhaps through their dogs or hitchhiking vermin, which then spread wildly among the immunologically naive species of the New World. As in the overkill model, populations of large mammals would have a harder time recovering. Repeated outbreaks of a hyperdisease could thus quickly drive them to the point of no return. So far MacPhee does not have empirical evidence for the hyperdisease hypothesis, and it won’t be easy to come by: hyperlethal disease would kill far too quickly to leave its signature on the bones themselves. But he hopes that analyses of tissue and DNA from the last mammoths to perish will eventually reveal murderous microbes.
F
The third explanation for what brought on this North American extinction does not involve human beings. Instead, its proponents blame the loss on the weather. The Pleistocene epoch witnessed considerable climatic instability, explains paleontologist Russell W. Graham of the Denver Museum of Nature and Science. As a result, certain habitats disappeared, and species that had once formed communities split apart. For some animals, this change brought opportunity. For much of the megafauna, however, the increasingly homogeneous environment left them with shrinking geographical ranges-a death sentence for large animals, which need large ranges. Although these
creatures managed to maintain viable populations through most of the Pleistocene, the final major fluctuation-the so-called Younger Dryas eventpushed them over the edge, Graham says. For his part, Alroy is convinced that human hunters demolished the titans of the Ice Age. The overkill model explains everything the disease and climate scenarios explain, he asserts, and makes accurate predictions about which species would eventually go extinct.“Personally, I’m a vegetarian,” he remarks, “and I find all of this kind of gross but believable.”

答案
填空题
14. Mammoth inhabited North America some 11,000 years ago.
15. Mammoth died out due to human hunting. (theory one)
16. An overkill model was raised.
17. A deadly disease was introduced by human. (theory two)
18. There is little empirical evidence.
19. The extinction was caused by considerable climate instability. (theory three)
20. Their habitats were ruined.
人名理论配对题
Professor A
Professor B
Professor C
21. Hunting is not the reason why mammoth died out. A
22. The bigger the animals are, the more room they need. B
23. Human was an indirect cause of their extinction. B
24. Climate changes destroyed their habitats. C
25. Calculation estimate of the population could help the control of animal species. C
26. B

第三篇 失重
回忆3:
小作文是4个pie chart 分别是男女在公共机构和私人机构的每周工作时间
大作文 是when new town is planned,it is more important to develop public parks and sports facilities than shopping centres for people to spend their free time in 问你agree or disagree
回忆4:
听力
S1 话题: 旅游 + 投诉场景
某人预订机票 fail 以后, 打电话 complain
一个女人投诉航空公司。 女的叫
Quigley ,想要买 4 2-way tickets
但是网页老是给出 error message
航空公司解释只能带
2 个小孩, 但女的有 3 个,
分别是 11 岁, 8 岁,5 ,有个空让你填都小于12岁。 女
的觉得这样对
large families school group 不公平。
小孩子需要Less:food 专员建议他直接写信给Customer ServiceOfficer 投诉,
给了她 reference number GBK8422
其中:
reference number 有考生的答案是: JBK852 ,正确的应该是 GBK8422

S4 在沙漠中建房子
31. shade
32. electricity
33. shower
34. driver
35. mirror
36. flower
37. ash
38. park
39. fountain
40. carbon
回忆5:
听力
Section 1 一女子预定机票失败后的投诉
1.Name: Quigley
2.wants to buy 4 tickets: flight tickets
3.The words on the website page:error message
4.Can only take 2 children5.All of them are under 12 years old
6.She thinks it is unfair for large families and
7.school groups
8.Children need less:food
9.being suggested to ask manager/customer Service Officer for help
10.Reference number, GBK8422

Section 2 About farming difficulties in Canberra region
11. What are the features that affect gardening in Canberra?
Inland city
12. What should gardeners keep record it:
Number of frost
13. What about rainfall in Canberra?
Unreliable
14. what are the problem of soil in Canberra?
Stop plants getting enough water
15. E(offering shade)
16. F(inside house)
17. C(near water)
18. A(west, near fence)
19. B(ventilate;close to street)
20. D

Section 4 Build a City on Desert 沙漠上建造城市
How to practice:
Use 31 wind to cool the atmosphere
Can show electricity consumption on the 32.display
Water temperature and time in 33 shower could be regulated
Engineering process:
Build a 34 park in the central area of town
Build a huge umbrella shaped like a 35 flower
Have a 36 fountain in front of the portal
Create electronic cars without a 37. driver
Use the 38 ash to make the concrete solid
Use glass 39 mirrors to collect sunlight
20 years later
More than 40,000 people will live here.
In the future, buildings with lowest 40. carbon emission.

回忆6:
听力
QQ图片20190112175655.png
QQ图片20190112175717.png
QQ图片20190112175732.png
回忆7:
听力
Section 1 预定机票失败后进行投诉
1. Name: Quigley 姓名拼写
2. she wants to buy 4 tickets: return tickets 返程票
3. departure time: 11.45 出发时间
4. the words on the website page: error message 错误的信息
5. one adult can bring 2 children at most allowed 一名成人最多可以携带两名孩子
6. All of them are under 12 years old 他们所有人都在12岁以下
7. children need less food 孩子需要较少的食物
8. what the huge family and school group will do 家庭和学校团体会做什么
9. letter will be sent to the manager 信件会被发送给经理
10. reference number:GBK8422 查询单号

Section  2 堪培拉地区农业耕作介绍
11. the city is different from other Australian cities because 城市与其他澳大利亚城市不同,因为
A. it is an inland city 它是个内陆城市
12. what kind of information should be recorded? 应该记录什么样的信息?
B. numbers of frosts 霜冻的数量
13. what does he think of local rainfall? 他对当地降雨量有什么想法
C. not reliable/predictable 不可靠/无法预测
14. What is the problem of soil in Canberra? 堪培拉突然有什么问题?
A. it stops plants from getting enough water 它阻止植物获取足够的水分。
15-20 地图题
15. E offering shade 提供阴凉
16. F inside house 在房子里
17. C near water 靠近水源
18. A west, near fence 西边,靠近栅栏
19. B ventilate, close to street 通风,靠近道路
20. D

Section 3 讨论单词教学
答案暂缺

Section  4 沙漠中建造城市
31. orientation-desert needs wind shade
32. 可以显示electricity的消耗信息
33. take a shower可以看到时间消耗
34. use electric cars without a driver when people get around 乘坐没有司机的电动汽车
35. use glass mirrors collect solar power 使用玻璃镜子手机太阳能
36. large umbrella is shaped like a flower 巨大的伞像花朵一样
37. use ash, concrete with acid to the building exterior 在墙的表面使用混有酸的混凝土
38. There is a park in the center of the city 在城市中心有个公园
39. every road之间会有fountain泉水
40. 以后的房子lowest carbon emission 最低的碳排放
回忆8:
大作文  When new towns are planned,it is more important to build public parks or sports facilities than shopping centers for people to spend their free time. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
小作文 饼图 男女在公共机构和私人机构的每周工作时间
回忆9:
机考  A类
小作文  饼图+表格图
大作文
In many countries today, people in big cities prefer to live alone or in small family units rather than a larger, extended family groups.Is this a positive or negative trend? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
回忆10:
阅读
Passage 1猛犸象灭绝
QQ图片20190112184836.png
QQ图片20190112184855.png
QQ图片20190112184909.png
QQ图片20190112184934.png
QQ图片20190112184945.png
答案:
QQ图片20190112185035.png

Passage 2  脸盲症, Prosopagnosia ,faceblindness

Animation ofthe fusiform area, the area damaged in prosopagnosia

Prosopagnosia, alsocalled face blindness, is a cognitive disorder of faceperception in which the ability to recognize familiar faces,including one's own face (self-recognition), is impaired, while other aspectsof visual processing (e.g., object discrimination) and intellectual functioning(e.g., decision-making) remain intact. The term originally referred to acondition following acute brain damage (acquired prosopagnosia), buta congenital or developmental form of the disorder also exists, whichmay affect up to 2.5% of the United States population. The specific brain areausually associated with prosopagnosia is the fusiform gyrus, whichactivates specifically in response to faces. The functionality of the fusiformgyrus allows most people to recognize faces in more detail than they dosimilarly complex inanimate objects. For those with prosopagnosia, the newmethod for recognizing faces depends on the less-sensitive object recognitionsystem. The right hemisphere fusiform gyrus is more often involved in familiarface recognition than the left. It remains unclear whether the fusiform gyrusis only specific for the recognition of human faces or if it is also involvedin highly trained visual stimuli.

There are two types ofprosopagnosia: acquired and congenital (developmental). Acquired prosopagnosiaresults from occipito-temporal lobe damage and is most often found in adults.This is further subdivided into apperceptive and associative prosopagnosia. Incongenital prosopagnosia, the individual never adequately develops the abilityto recognize faces.


Passage 3 游乐场惊险项目的研究,失重,过山车

The Scenic Railwayat Luna Park, Melbourne, is the world's oldest continually-operatingroller coaster, built in 1912.

In 1827, a miningcompany in Summit Hill, Pennsylvania constructed the Mauch ChunkSwitchback Railway, a downhill gravity railroad used to deliver coalto Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania – now known as Jim Thorpe. By the 1850s,the "Gravity Road" (as it became known) was selling rides to thrillseekers. Railway companies used similar tracks to provide amusement on dayswhen ridership was low.

Using this idea as abasis, LaMarcus Adna Thompson began work on a gravity SwitchbackRailway that opened at Coney Island in Brooklyn, NewYork, in 1884. Passengers climbed to the top of a platform and rode abench-like car down the 600-foot (183 m) track up to the top of anothertower where the vehicle was switched to a return track and the passengers tookthe return trip. This track design was soon replaced with an oval completecircuit.  In 1885, Phillip Hinkle introduced the first full-circuitcoaster with a lift hill, the Gravity Pleasure Road, which became themost popular attraction at Coney Island. Not to be outdone, in 1886Thompson patented his design of roller coaster that included dark tunnels withpainted scenery. "Scenic Railways" were soon found in amusement parksacross the county.

In1959, Disneyland introduced a design breakthroughwith Matterhorn Bobsleds, the first roller coaster to use a tubular steeltrack. Unlike wooden coaster rails, tubular steel can be bent in any direction,allowing designers to incorporate loops, corkscrews, and many other maneuversinto their designs. Most modern roller coasters are made of steel, althoughwooden coasters and hybrids are still being built.


回忆11:
回忆12:

为更好地促进做好Edward艾华师最新预测,请烤鸭们积极回忆在本文下面评论栏目里面,请尽量详细,并标明城市考点,A/G类,听力,阅读,大小作文,谢谢!特请亚太其他国家,欧洲,北美,南美,非洲等其他考区的烤鸭们也积极回忆吧


2019年1月5日雅思考试总体反馈:2019年1月5日听力命中三部分旧题、命中大小作文原题、命中多篇阅读、口语大部分真题原题,1月5日雅思听说读写全面大中,A类G类全面开花!(G类考试,不同考区时差、考生回忆不够齐全,待补充,还在不断更新中…)祝贺IRP会员将出现不少雅思高分人才!总体反馈请复制链接进入
特别提醒:雅思考试20多年来,有非常严格的规律性和出题思路。全世界有6大考区,而只有一个剑桥考试中心几个人在出题,每个考区一周平均要出一份考卷,一个月出24份考卷,考官如何保证达到难度一样呢,如何保证新题难度、准确度和评价机制公平呢,所以只能是20年来的题库旧题目的有效组合,新题不能超出5-10%,每份雅思卷子都是95%-99%以上旧题原题真题。多年雅思考官和专家Edward老师非常熟悉雅思出题规律和听说读写题库出题组合卷子的秘诀,IRP资料因此而诞生!具体请阅读http://bbs.ieltstofelglobal.com/thread-32-1-1.html

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