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[全国] 2018年12月8日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题

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发表于 2018-12-3 10:20:49 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2018年12月8日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总请看最下面,
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2018年12月8日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总
回忆1:
听力 S2公司安全讲座 S3蜜蜂哲大象
阅读 R1铅笔历史 R2太空生活医疗问题重力  R3乐器好处  
写作t1 两线图对比  t2 人们不能平衡工作和生活 问题 解决方法
回忆2:
台湾
听力:租房、公司安全讲座、蜜蜂大象、偷窃率之类的
阅读:某种文字的历史、儿童广告、一个大佬和他的书
写作:小作文 线图 火车的晚点率和取消率,大作文工作生活平衡
回忆3:
听力
Section  1 租房信息
1-10填空题:
1. parking space
2. Northgate(要合在一起写来着)
3. balcony
4. 1375
5. September 13
6. a shared gym
7. Thursday
8. café
9. bridge
10. Treloar

Section 3 蜜蜂和大象:大象对于农作物的危害和当地人用bee来防止大象
31-34)Multiple choices(5选择2)
31-32)what result for elephants’ attack to farmer, 大象侵扰农民的农作物 crops.
A establishing a law
B farmers move away from the affected areas
C fewer people would support protection elephant, less support
D more frequent attacks
E more arguments among different Communities
33-34)蜜蜂的stings对大象造成的后果,描述正确的是:(5选择2)
A 蜜蜂NOT sting little elephants
B bee stings will be lethal to young elephant calves will be killed
C是蜜蜂会sting大象眼睛周围,会使大象失明blind;文章没有说会不会失明
D bee stings will be painful sting inside of ears and trunk
刺在大象的眼睛周围敏感地区,耳朵后面,甚至长鼻子会同样痛苦。
E some elephants will not be affected by bee stings
35-40)Multiple choice 单选题
35 what are other measures which can prove to be effective as driving elephants away   cowbell(铃铛) hang in the fence
36 做什么能够防止elephant 对farm的破坏 in the beginning
Bee containers 蜜蜂养殖箱
37 录音模拟实验中 when elephants hear the record of the angry bee, what is their reaction
Making warning signals and run away immediately(重要的是,我们发现大象不仅听到嗡嗡作响的声音就逃避,还会发出一个独特的“隆隆”警告小伙伴以及摇头晃脑就像避开蜜蜂的追击)
38 在录音模拟实验中 what surprised the observers when they play the record?
It is in a such a shot of time no more than 10 seconds
39 What is little elephant reaction?
They seemed to be less affected 4分钟录音, 几乎大象都跑了(没跑的,也是因为象太小,还没经历过被蜜蜂蛰这类的事情)
40 win-win situation in the passage means: there is economic benefit
博士的解决方案,满足迁徙动物的需求同时保护当地社区的经济效益与物种。建设栅栏后肯尼亚农名既可以保护庄家也可以养蜂酿蜜,也增加了从卖蜜蜂大量的收入!

Section4 防止犯罪的机制讨论Crime-prevention mechanism
31-40)completion
31 personal information being obtained
Products:
32 Disadvantage of improvement in technology
33 Bike offered a lock
34 Japan adopt a ball
35 Tags: ink
36 Phone number
37 reduce the insurance costs
38 The most dangerous place: bus shop
39 Poor lighting
40 easy to hide in the corner
回忆4:
阅读
第一篇:铅笔历史
文章大意:
铅笔是由一次极端的天气,树被闪电劈坏了,人们在根部找到了一种物质,就是石墨,可以留下黑色的痕迹。开始是牧羊人用它给羊做记号。后来意大利人发明了外层用木头包裹石墨制成铅笔,后来德国人开始铅笔的大规模制造,而法国人发明了用两片木头把石墨夹在中间的制作方法。
铅笔的军事用途,可以用在炮弹中,政府开始保护石墨矿。
铅笔后来的发展:人们发现石墨加入粘土,可以使痕迹更加清晰(HB)。关于铅笔广泛流传的传说,比如美国和俄罗斯的宇航员一次上太空就用铅笔,而现在太空已经不适用铅笔了,人们的生活也出现了其他的笔。但铅笔的产业不会没落,因为在绘画和简单记录中还是有用途的
P1: how graphite was found
P2: the early use of graphite
P3: graphite used in military andcontrolled by the government
P4: earliest pencil
P5: how HB system was applied
P6: pencils used in the early spaceresearch

Lead pencils, of course, contain no lead. The writing medium is graphite, a form of carbon. Writing instruments made from sticks cut from high quality natural graphite mined at Cumberland in England and wrapped in string or inserted in wooden tubes came into use around 1560. [1] The term "black lead pencil" was in use by 1565.  By 1662, pencils were produced in Nuremberg, in what is now Germany, apparently by gluing sticks of graphite into cases assembled from two pieces of wood. By the early 18th century, wood-cased pencils that did not require the high quality graphite available only in England were produced in Nuremberg with cores made by mixing graphite, sulfur and various binding agents. These German pencils were inferior to English pencils, which continued to be made with sticks cut from natural graphite into the 1860s.  The 1855 catalog of Waterlow & Sons, London, offered "Pure Cumberland Lead Pencils."

In 1795, French chemist Nicholas Jacques Conté received a patent for the modern process for making pencil leads by mixing powdered graphite and clay, forming sticks, and hardening them in a furnace. According to Petroski (pp. 70-71), "the brittle ceramic leads…were inserted in wooden cases of a modified design, one used by some early German pencil makers to encase their sulfur-and-graphite leads. The piece of wood into which the leads were placed has a groove about twice as deep as the thickness of the rod of lead. A slat of wood was then glued in over the lead to completely fill the groove, and the pencil was ready to be finished to the desired exterior shape."

In the U.S., wood-cased lead pencils were produced in the Boston area by William Munroe beginning in 1812. Munroe’s cores were made from dried graphite paste and were not hardened in a furnace. Between the early 1820s and 1850s there were several small pencil makers near Boston, including William Munroe, John Thoreau, Joseph Dixon, and Benjamin Ball. [2] Munroe, of Concord, MA, exhibited lead pencils at of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanical Association in and around Boston in 1837, 1839, and 1841.  Thoreau and then John Thoreau & Son, also of Concord, MA, exhibited their pencils at these exhibitions in 1837 and 1844. [2a] The pencils they produced were inferior to those made in England from natural graphite and in France and Austria using the Conté process. [3] The photograph to the right shows a bundle of pencils manufactured by Ball.  Holden & Cutter, Boston, MA, advertised French and English lead pencils c. 1840-60; Grigg & Elliot, Philadelphia, PA, advertised lead pencils c. 1850-60; John W. Clothier, Philadelphia, PA, advertised Faber's, Guttknecht, and Brookman & Lagdon's lead pencils c. 1858. (Hagley Museum and Library)

In 1847, Dixon set up a new factory just outside New York City that used graphite to manufacture crucibles for melting metals, polish for cast iron stoves, and, on a limited scale, pencils. However, most lead pencils sold in the U.S. were still imported from Europe, increasingly from Germany as the quality of German pencils improved with adoption of the Conté process. In 1861, Eberhard Faber set up a factory in New York that made pencils using leads from Germany, and in 1862 pencils made by another New York company, the Eagle Pencil Co., won an award in London.  The American Lead Pencil Co. and the Joseph Dixon Crucible Co. started making lead pencils in 1865 and 1872, respectively. (Supplement to Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. 4, 1889)

Mass production of lead pencils began in the U.S. after the Civil War. During 1864-67, several patents were granted for machinery for making lead pencils [4], including a Dixon wood planing machine for shaping pencils that produced 132 pencils per minute. [5] U.S. production of pencils was encouraged by the import tariff of 1865 as well as increasing demand, and the four companies that were the principal manufacturers of lead pencils throughout the latter 19th century and early 20th century—the Eagle Pencil Co., Eberhard Faber, the American Lead Pencil Co., and the Joseph Dixon Crucible Co.—all set up or expanded pencil factories in the New York/New Jersey area. [6]

American Lead Pencil Company, 1872

According to Petroski (p. 169), "The demand for pencils seems to have been growing at an unprecedented rate at the time, and in the early 1870s it was estimated that over 20 million pencils were being consumed in the United States each year." In 1887, a Dixon Crucible ad stated:

In 1868 we commenced building machinery for making lead pencils, and on November 18, 1872, we shipped the first invoice of one gross [of pencils] to Voorhees Bros., Morristown, N. J. Now our sales are beyond what our wildest expectations were then. We began in a building 25 x 25, with four or five hands, and now use one hundred thousand square feet of floor space and employ four hundred hands. In the beginning we had only three or four kinds [of pencils] for business and school uses; now we make hundreds of different kinds for business offices, schools, drawing classes, artists, architects, and mechanical draughtsmen, besides making a large variety of pen-holders, point protectors, slate pencils, artist’s cases, special leads, assortment boxes, erasive rubbers, etc., etc. [7]

In 1878, Charles J. Cohen, Philadelphia, PA, advertised Dixon American Graphite lead pencils. By 1891, Dixon Crucible was issuing stock certificates. In 1892, Dixon Crucible alone manufactured more than 30 million pencils. [8] Petroski (p. 182) reports that "One observer, writing in 1894, noted that in twenty years the cost of pencils had been reduced by 50 percent, at least in part because of the invention of machinery such as that used by Dixon.". Petroski (p. 205) reports an estimate that in 1912 U.S. and world production of pencils were 750 million and two billion pencils, respectively.

答案:
14. tree
15. sheep
16. strings
17. government
18. steal
19. grease
20. TRUE
21. NOT GIVEN
22. FALSE
23. TRUE
24. NOT GIVEN
25. TRUE
26. FALSE

第二篇:太空生活医疗问题
第三篇:乐器的好处
回忆5:
小作文:line graph(线图动态)
大作文:Many people fail to achieve a balance between work and other parts of life. What causes the situation? How to overcome this problem? (中国大陆2012年3月8日题目)
回忆6:
听力
s1 parking balcony north gate 30th september 1375 thursday cafe bridge 姓氏
s2 effectively display tidiness assessment carried out currently suitable head of department
s3 忘了
s4 technology personal information phone number lock ball ink insurance lighting bus stops corners
回忆7:
听力1租房,2公司安全讲座,3蜜蜂蛰大象,4防犯罪的设计;
阅读1.食肉植物(捕蝇草什么的);2.文化和思维方式;3.传统建筑什么的。
小作文:折线图,两个月火车晚点和取消的百分比;大作文:原因+解决方案,如何平衡工作与生活
回忆8:
大作文 Some people aim to achieve balance between work and other parts of their lives. But they often fail to achieve balance. What are the problems when they try to achieve balance and what are the solutions to overcome them?
回忆9:
吉隆坡阅读
第一篇:carnivorous plants 食肉植物——猪笼草
文章大意:讲了包括Venus flytrap捕蝇草和pitcher plants猪笼草在内的这些食肉植物的特点及影响他们的因素。
参考文章:
  EvolutionistCharles Darwin first marvelled at flesh-eating plants in the mid-19th century.Today, biologists, using 21st-century tools to study cells and DNA, arebeginning to understand how these plants hunt, eat and digest - and how suchbizarre adaptations arose in the first place.
  A
  The leavesof the Venus flytrap plant are covered in hairs. When an insect brushes againstthem, this triggers a tiny electric charge, which travels down tunnels in theleaf and opens up pores in the leaf’s cell membranes. Water surges from thecells on the inside of the leaf to those on the outside, causing the leaf torapidly flip in shape from convex to concave, like a soft contact lens. As theleaves flip, they snap together, trapping the insect in their sharp-toothedjaws.
  B
  Thebladderwort has an equally sophisticated way of setting its underwater trap.
  It pumpswater out of tiny bag-like bladders, making a vacuum inside. When smallcreatures swim past, they bend the hairs on the bladder, causing a flap toopen. The low pressure sucks water in, carrying the animal along with it. Inone five-hundredth of a second, the door swings shut again. The Drosera sundew,meanwhile, has a thick, sweet liquid oozing from its leaves, which firstattracts insects, then holds them fast before the leaves snap shut. Pitcherplants use yet another strategy, growing long tube-shaped leaves to imprisontheir prey. Raffles' pitcher plant, from the jungles of Borneo, produces nectarthat both lures insects and forms a slick surface on which they can't get agrip. Insects that land on the rim of the pitcher slide on the liquid andtumble in.
  C
  Manycarnivorous plants secrete enzymes to penetrate the hard exoskeleton of insectsso they can absorb nutrients from inside their prey. But the purple pitcherplant, which lives in bogs and infertile sandy soils in North America, enlistsother organisms to process its food. It is home to an intricate food web ofmosquito larvae, midges and bacteria, many of which can survive only in thisunique habitat. These animals shred the prey that fall into the pitcher, andthe smaller organisms feed on the debris. Finally, the plant absorbs thenutrients released.
  D
  While suchplants clearly thrive on being carnivorous, the benefits of eating flesh arenot the ones you might expect. Carnivorous animals such as ourselves use thecarbon in protein and the fat in meat to build muscles and store energy.Carnivorous plants instead draw nitrogen, phosphorus, and other criticalnutrients from their prey in order to build light-harvesting enzymes. Eatinganimals, in other words, lets carnivorous plants do what all plants do: carryout photosynthesis, that is, grow by harnessing energy directly from the sun.
  E
  Carnivorousplants are, in fact, very inefficient at converting sunlight into tissue. Thisis because of all the energy they expend to make the equipment to catch animals- the enzymes, the pumps, and so on. A pitcher or a flytrap cannot carry outmuch photosynthesis because, unlike plants with ordinary leaves, they do nothave flat solar panels that can grab lots of sunlight. There are, however, somespecial conditions in which the benefits of being carnivorous do outweigh thecosts. The poor soil of bogs, for example, offers little nitrogen andphosphorus, so carnivorous plants enjoy an advantage over plants that obtainthese nutrients by more conventional means. Bogs are also flooded withsunshine, so even an inefficient carnivorous plant can photosynthesise enoughlight to survive.
  F
  Evolutionhas repeatedly made this trade-off. By comparing the DNA of carnivorous plantswith other species, scientists have found that they evolved independently on atleast six separate occasions. Some carnivorous plants that look nearlyidentical turn out to be only distantly related. The two kinds of pitcherplants - the tropical genus Nepenthes and the North American Sarracenia - have,surprisingly, evolved from different ancestors, although both grow deeppitcher- shaped leaves and employ the same strategy for capturing prey.
  G
  In severalcases, scientists can see how complex carnivorous plants evolved from simplerones. Venus flytraps, for example, share an ancestor with Portuguese sundews,which only catch prey passively, via 'flypaper' glands on their stems. Theyshare a more recent ancestor with Drosera sundews, which can also curl theirleaves over their prey. Venus flytraps appear to have evolved an even moreelaborate version of this kind of trap, complete with jaw-like leaves.

答案:
1:raindrops    2:stomach     3:pore     4:vacuum
5:
digest    6: T      7: T      8: F      9: NG
10: F         11: NG      12: T       13: F

第二篇:the link between culture and thought
文章大意:研究不同地区、不同文化的人对事物认知的差异性
答案:
14: D    15: B    16: C    17: A     18: D
19: A     20: B    21: C     22: A
23:genes    24:qualitative     25:experience     26:soical

第三篇:the practical skills in the classroom
文章大意:讲美国发起了一个叫AIA的项目来推动建筑课程的实践性,并以Zuni这个地方为例讲到了如何实施并指出此项目可以带来的好处。
答案:
27. B   28. C    29. C    30. B    31. D
32. storage    33. design  34. resources    35. experts
36. training    37. FALSE  38. FALSE   39. TRUE   40. NOT GIVEN

版本二:
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QQ图片20181208185943.png
QQ图片20181208190150.png
回忆10:
回忆11:
回忆12:


为更好地促进做好Edward艾华师最新预测,请烤鸭们积极回忆在本文下面评论栏目里面,请尽量详细,并标明城市考点,A/G类,听力,阅读,大小作文,谢谢!特请亚太其他国家,欧洲,北美,南美,非洲等其他考区的烤鸭们也积极回忆吧

2018年12月1日雅思考试总体反馈:2018年12月1日听力命中2-4部分旧题、命中大小作文原题、命中阅读多篇、命中口语大部分真题原题,12月1日雅思听说读写全面大中,A类G类全面开花!(考生回忆不够齐全,待补充,还在不断更新中…)祝贺IRP会员将出现不少雅思高分人才!总体反馈请复制链接进入

特别提醒:雅思考试20多年来,有非常严格的规律性和出题思路。全世界有6大考区,而只有一个剑桥考试中心几个人在出题,每个考区一周平均要出一份考卷,一个月出24份考卷,考官如何保证达到难度一样呢,如何保证新题难度、准确度和评价机制公平呢,所以只能是20年来的题库旧题目的有效组合,新题不能超出5-10%,每份雅思卷子都是95%-99%以上旧题原题真题。多年雅思考官和专家Edward老师非常熟悉雅思出题规律和听说读写题库出题组合卷子的秘诀,IRP资料因此而诞生!具体请阅读http://bbs.ieltstofelglobal.com/thread-32-1-1.html

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