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[国内外] 2018年10月11日中国大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总

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发表于 2018-10-2 19:43:51 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2018年10月11日中国陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总请看最下面,
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2018年10月11日中国陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总
回忆1:
小作文:线图
大作文:Some groups, such as poor people or people from rural area find it is difficult to access the university education. Universities should make it especially easy for the students come from the rural areas get an access to the university. To what extend do you agree or disagree?
回忆2:
阅读:
第一篇:food desert
第二篇:新西兰教育
第三篇:解密记忆
Memory Decoding
A
Try this memory test: Study each face and compose a vivid image for the person’s first and last name. Rose Leo. for example, could be a rosehud ( 妙龄少女) and a lion. Fill in the blanks on the next page. The Examinations chool at Oxford University is an austere building of oak-paneled rooms, with large Gothic windows, and looming portraits of eminent dukes and earls. It is where generations of Oxford students have tested their memory on final exams, and it is where, last August, 34 contestants gathered at the World Memory Championships to be examined in an entirely different manner. In timed trials, contestants were challenged to look at and then recite a twopage poem, memorize rows of 40-digit numbers, recall the names of 110 people after looking at their photographs, and perform seven other feats of extraordinary retention. Some tests took just a few minutes; others lasted hours. In the 14 years since the World Memory Championships was founded, no one has memorized the order of a shuffled deck of playing cards in less than 30 seconds. That nice round number has become the four-minute mile of competitive memory; a benchmark that the world’s best “mental athletes”, as some of them like to be called are closing in on. Most contestants claim to have just average memories, and scientific testing confirms that they’re not just being modest. Their feats are based on tricks that capitalize on how the human brain encodes information. Anyone can learn them.
B
Psychologists Elizabeth Valentine and John Wilding, authors of the monograph Superior Memory, recently teamed up with Eleanor Maguire, a neuroscientist at University College London to study eight people, including Karsten, who had finished near the top of the World Memory Championships. They wondered if the contestants’ brains were different in some way. The researchers put the competitors and a group of control subjects into an MRI ( 磁共振)machine and asked them to perform several different memory tests while their brains were being scanned. When it came to memorizing sequences of three-digit numbers, the difference between the memory contestants and the control subjects was, as expected, immense. However, when they were shown photographs of magnified snowflakes, images that the competitors had never tried to memorize before the champions did no better than the control group. When the researchers analyzed the brain scans, they found that the memory champs were activating some brain regions that were different from those the control subjects were using. These regions, which included the right posterior hippocampus , which are known to be involved in visual memory and spatial navigation.
C
It might seem odd that the memory contestants would use to visual imagery and special numbers, but the activity makes sense when their techniques are revealed. Cooke, a 23-year-old cognitive-science graduate student with a shoulder-length mop of curly hair, is a grand master of brain storage. He can memorize the order of 10 decks of playing cards in less than than an hour or
one deck of cards in less than a minute. He is closing in on the 30-second deck. In the Lamb and Flag, Cooke pulled out a deck of cards and shuffled it. He held up three cards-the 7 0f spades( 黑桃), the queen of clubs, and the 10 0f spades. He pointed at a fireplace and said. “Destiny’s Child is whacking Franz Schubert with handbags.” The next three cards were the king of hearts, the
king of spades, and the jack of clubs. He ran over to the bar and announced, “Admiral Lord Nelson is holding a guitar upside down over there.” By now, everyone in the pub had begun to gawk. Forty-six cards and a few minutes later, Cooke ended up outside the Lamb and Flag, where he proceeded to reel off the deck’s order flawlessly.
D
How did he do it? Cooke has already memorized a specific person, verb, and object that he associates with each card in the deck. For example, for the 7 0f spades, the person (or, in this case, persons) is always the singing group Destiny’s Child, the action is surviving a storm, and the image is a dinghy. The queen of clubs is always his friend Henrietta, the action is thwacking with
a handbag, and the image is of wardrobes filled with designer clothes. When Cooke commits a deck to memory, he does it three cards at a time. Every threecard group forms a single image of a person doing something to an object. The first card in the triplet becomes the person, the second the verb, the third the object. He then places those images along a specific familiar route, such as the one he took through the Lamb and Flag. In competitions, he uses an imaginary route that He has designed to be as smooth and downhill as possible. When it comes time to recall, Cooke takes a mental walk along his route and translates the images into cards. That’s why the MRIs of the memory contestants showed activation in the brain areas associated with visual imagery and spatial navigation.
E
The more resonant the images are, the more difficult they are to forget. But even meaningful information is hard to remember when there’s a lot of it. That’s why competitive memorizers place their images along an imaginary route. That technique, known as the Ioci method, reportedly originated in 477 B.C. with the Greek poet Simonides of Ceos. Simonides was the sole survivor
of a roof collapse that killed all the other guests at a royal banquet. The bodies were mangled beyond recognition, but Simonides was able to reconstruct the guest list by closing his eyes and recalling each individual around the dinner table. What he had discovered was that our brains are exceptionally good at remembering images and spatial information. Evolutionary psychologists
have offered an explanation: Presumably our ancestors found it important to recall where they found their last meal or the way back to the cave. After Simonides’ discovery, the loci method popular across ancient Greece as a trick for memorizing speeches and texts. Aristotle wrote about it, and later a number of treatises on the art memory were published in Rome. Before printed books, the art of memory was considered a staple or classical education on a par with grammar, logic and rhetoric.
F
The most famous of the naturals was the Russian journalist S. V. Shereshevski, who could recall long lists of numbers memorized decades earlier, as well as poems, strings of nonsense syllables, and just about anything else he was asked to remember. “The capacity of his memory had no distinct limits.” wrote Alexander Luria, the Russian psychologist who studied Shereshevski from the 1920s to the 1950s. Shereshevski also had synesthesia, a rare condition in which the senses become intertwined. For example, every number may be associated with a color or every word with a taste. Synesthetic reactions evoke a response in more areas of the brain, making memory easier. They also create problems. “lf I read when I am eating, I have a hard time understanding what I am reading-the taste of the food drowns out the sense.” Shereshevski told Luria.
G
K. Anders Ericsson, a Swedish-born psychologist at Florida State University, thinks anyone can acquire Shereshevski’s skills. He cites an experiment with S. F. an undergraduate who was paid to take a standard test of memory called the digit span for one hour a day, two or three days a week. When he started, he could hold, like most people, only about seven digits in his head at any given time (conveniently, the length of a phone number). Over two years, S. F. completed 250 hours of testing. By then. he had stretched his digit span from 7 to more than 80. He had developed his own strategy for remembering based on his own experience as a competitive runner: He associated strings of random numbers with track times. For example 3,492 was remembered as “3 minutes and 49 point 2 seconds, near world-record mile time.” The study of S. F. led Ericsson to believe that innately superior memory doesn’t exist at all. When he reviewed original case studies of naturals, he found that exceptional memorizers were using techniques-sometimes without realizing it-and lots of practice. Often, exceptional memory was only for a single type of material, like digits. “If we look at some of these memory tasks, they’re the kind of thing most people don’t even waste one hour practicing, but if they wasted 50 hours, they’d be exceptional at it,” Ericsson says. It would be remarkable, he adds, to find a person who is exceptional across a number of tasks. I don’t think that there’s any compelling evidence that there are such people.”

Questions 27-30
The reading Passage has seven paragrahhsA-G
Which paragraph contains the followinginformation?
QQ图片20181011165711.png
QQ图片20181011165851.png

参考答案:
27. E  28. D   29. B    30. F  31. 30 seconds     32. specificperson
33.loci method     34.synesthesia      35.practice         36.YES   
37.YES          38.NO           39.NOT GIVEN      40.NO
回忆3:
听力
S1
参考答案:
Booking
radio
animals
Thursday
nature
instrument
8.50
piano
age
experience

S2
参考答案:
B Staff discounts
A Long goals
C More responsibilities
B 15(存疑)
C Three months
C Management
F someone home
B children
A Parties
G Short Stays


S3 学术讨论场景——两个学生 Rob and Sarah 关于药物治疗的 presentation
Two students talk about the medical presentation
21-26multiple choice
21. the reason for Rob becoming nervous?
  A.be part of mid-term score
  B. not did well last time
 C. have not yet faced to so big group of people before
22. 女生是什么心情面对演讲
  A. excited
  B. worried
   C. unconcerned
23. 演讲开始open with a
  A. joke (story)
  B. video clip
  C. Statistic information in film
24. what did LEO learn from message: how to strengthen the relationship between doctor and patients
25. 待补充
26. what to do next
  A. investigation
  B. give a view of the information
  C. check content again
27-30)multiple choices(2/5)
27-28)first thing
  B explain why they chose this topic
  E illustration, medical and therapy
29-30)
  B.国家的背景experience of audience(not having time for that)
  D audience participates
  E audience to ask question

S4 介绍有关Cotton planting and process的负面影响
31. process
32. machines
33. soilbecomes high-salty because: irrigation
34. contaminants
35. freedom
36. 工人容易受伤害是因为缺少:protective clothing
37. 用rain water来灌溉
38. designerinspired by nature
39. energy
40. maintenance
回忆4:
回忆5:
回忆6:
回忆7:
回忆8:
回忆9:
回忆10:


为更好地促进做好Edward艾华师最新预测,请烤鸭们积极回忆在本文下面评论栏目里面,请尽量详细,并标明城市考点,A/G类,听力,阅读,大小作文,谢谢!特请亚太其他国家,欧洲,北美,南美,非洲等其他考区的烤鸭们也积极回忆吧


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