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[全国] 2018年9月15日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题...

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发表于 2018-9-10 09:50:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2018年9月15日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题答案回忆汇总请看最下面,
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2018年9月15日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题答案回忆汇总
回忆1:
小作文线图➕表格,大作文,scientific research is a waste of time and money,to what extent, do you agree or disagree
回忆2:
听力
Section 1aul carter rent a house via agent
1.021 3975671790/021 3972256
2.550
3. shelf
4. street
5. playground
6. stairs
7. lake
8. fee
9. damage
10. Cleaning

Section 4 fumigation
31. ozone layer
32. colour
33. bag
34. expensive
35. 14 days
36. nitrogen
37. wooden/wood sculpture
38. frogs
39. pesticide bacteria
40. moisture

回忆3:
阅读
Passage 1: William Gilbert and Magnetism
(威廉•吉尔伯特和磁场学)
原文:
A
16th and 17th centuries saw two great pioneers of modern science: Galileo and Gilbert. The impact of their findings is eminent. Gilbert was the first modern scientist, also the accredited father of the science of electricity and magnetism, an Englishman of learning and a physician at the court of Elizabeth. Prior to him, all that was known of electricity and magnetism was what the ancients knew, nothing more than that the lodestone possessed magnetic properties and that amber and jet, when rubbed, would attract bits of paper or other substances of small specific gravity. However, he is less well-known than he deserves.
B   
Gilbert’s birth predated Galileo. Born in an eminent local family in Colchester county in the UK, on May 24, 1544, he went to grammar school, and then studied medicine at St. John’s College, Cambridge, graduating in 1573. Later he traveled in the continent and eventually settled down in London.
C
He was a very successful and eminent doctor. All this culminated in his election to the president of the Royal Science Society. He was also appointed thepersonal physician to the Queen (Elizabeth I), and later knighted by the Queen. He faithfully served her until her death. However, he didn’t outlive the Queen for long and died on December 10, 1603, only a few months after his appointment as personal physician to King James.
D
Gilbert was first interested in chemistry but later changed his focus due to the large portion of mysticism of alchemy involved (such as the transmutation of metal). He gradually developed his interest in physics after the great minds of the ancient, particularly about the knowledge the ancient Greeks had about lodestones, strange minerals with the power to attract iron. In the meantime, Britain became a major seafaring nation in 1588 when the Spanish Armada was defeated, opening the way to British settlement of America. British ships depended on the magnetic compass, yet no one understood why it worked. Did the pole star attract it, as Columbus once speculated; or was there a magnetic mountain at the pole, as described in Odyssey, which ships would never approach, because the sailors thought its pull would yank out all their iron nails and fittings? For nearly 20 years William Gilbert conducted ingenious experiments to understand magnetism. His works include On the Magnet and Magnetic Bodies, Great Magnet of the Earth.
E
Gilbert’s discovery was so important to modern physics. He investigated the nature of magnetism and electricity. He even coined the word “electric”. Though the early beliefs of magnetism were also largely entangled with superstitions such as that rubbing garlic on lodestone can neutralize its magnetism, one example being that sailors even believed the smell of garlic would even interfere with the action  of  compass,  which  is why helmsmen were forbidden to eat it near a ship’s compass. Gilbert also found that metals canbe magnetized by rubbing materials  such  as  fur,  plastic or the like on them. He named the ends  of  a  magnet  “north pole” and “south  pole”. The magnetic poles can attract or repel,  depending  on  polarity. In addition, however, ordinary iron is always attracted to a magnet. Though he started to study the relationship between magnetism and electricity, sadly he didn’t complete it. His research of static electricity using amber and jet only demonstrated that objects with electrical charges can work like magnets attracting small pieces of paper and stuff. It is a French guy named du Fay that discovered that there are actually two electrical charges, positive and negative.
F
He also questioned the traditional astronomical beliefs. Though a Copernican, he didn’t express in his quintessential beliefs whether the earth is at the center of the universe or in orbit around the sun. However he believed that stars are not equidistant from the earth, but have their own earth-like planets orbiting around them. The earth is itself like a giant magnet, which is also why compasses always point north. They spin on an axis that is aligned with the earth’s polarity. He even likened the polarity of the magnet to the polarity of the earth and built an entire magnetic philosophy on this analogy. In his explanation, magnetism wasthe soul of the earth. Thus a perfectly spherical lodestone, when aligned with the earth’s poles, would wobble all by itself in 24 hours. Further, he also believed that suns and other stars wobble just like the earth does around a crystal core, and speculated that the moon might also be a magnet caused to orbit by its magnetic attraction to the earth. This was perhaps the first proposal that a force might cause a heavenly orbit.
G  
His research method was revolutionary in that he used experiments rather than pure logic and reasoning like the ancient Greek philosophers did. It was a new attitude toward scientific investigation. Until then, scientific experiments were not in fashion. It was because of this scientific attitude, together with his contribution to our knowledge of magnetism, that a unit of magneto motive force, also known as magnetic potential, was named Gilbert in his honor. His approach of careful observation and experimentation rather than the authoritative opinion or deductive philosophy of others had laid the very foundation for modern science.

Questions 1-7
.................................................................................
Reading passage 1 has seven paragraphs A-G.
Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.
Write the correct number i-x in boxes 1-7 on your answer sheet.
List of Headings
i  Early years of Gilbert
ii  What was new about his scientific research method
iii  The development of chemistry
iv  Questioning traditional astronomy
v  Pioneers of the early science
vi  Professional and social recognition
vii  Becoming the president of the Royal Science Society
viii  The great works of Gilbert
ix  His discovery about magnetism
x  His change of focus
1  Paragraph A
2 Paragraph B
3 Paragraph C
4 Paragraph D
5 Paragraph E
6 Paragraph F
7 Paragraph G
Questions 8-10
...............................................................................
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
In boxes 8-10 on your answer sheet write
TRUE  if the sataement agrees with the information
FALSE  if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN  if there is no information on this
8 He is less famous than he should be.
9  He was famous as a doctor before he was employed by the Queen.
10 He lost faith in the medical theories of his time.
Questions 11-13
.............................................................................
Choose THREE letters A-F.
Write your answers in boxes 11-13 on your answer sheet.
Which THREE of the following are parts of Gilbert’s discovery?
A Metal can be transformed into another.
B Garlic can remove magnetism.
C  Metals can be magnetized.
D Stars are at different distances from the earth.
E The earth wobbles on its axis.
F There are two charges of electricity.
参考答案:
1. Paragraph A: v       2. Paragraph B: i    3. Paragraph C: vi
4. Paragraph D: x      5. Paragraph E: ix     6. Paragraph F: iv
7. Paragraph G: ii       8. True     9. True    10. Not Given
11. C      12. D     13. E

Passage 2:Malaria Combat in Italy  意大利的疟疾
文章大意:疟疾,从历史,言论,志愿者一直到当今科技,讲人们是怎么误会疟疾的及原因。疟疾在意大利的湿热地区疟疾肆虐 死亡率很高 寿命预期只有22.7岁开始大家都认为这是一种空气传播的疾病,没人想到是insects在搞鬼,直到后来一个意大利的学者貌似把活人拉到疟疾重灾区不让蚊子咬(好残忍),意大利人在疫区情况表明某些人有免疫力,不得疟疾,终于找到病源啦。后来在第四段为了治疗疟疾 意大利政府颁布了法律给公民发放奎宁 还成立治疗中心 终于控制大多数疾病的发生,尽管药物有副作用 利用强制力政府给所有公民发放药物,但是有反抗,意大利80%的疟疾被消除了;但是有很多人怀疑这东西而不使用,惨啊。后来的研究进入近代研究洛克菲勒中心啊,美国啊都支持的研究。1913一战使得政府把大多数资金用于战争 疾病有反复 二站时 有个人故意散播疾病 二站结束后政府采用了新药消灭的疟疾60年代最后一个疟疾被消灭 最后一段疟疾是非常危险的疾病,直到现在仍然能杀死人,通过这个故事给人们警示。

原文:
QQ图片20180915174041.png
QQ图片20180915174111.png
QQ图片20180915174121.png
QQ图片20180915174132.png
QQ图片20180915174142.png
QQ图片20180915174155.png
参考答案:
QQ图片20180915174205.png

Passage 3:造船
回忆4:
听力
S1  租房场景
1.电话号码 021 3972256
2.平均房租 average house room rent 550dollars
3.房间有个新的书架 it has a new shelf
4. 在街上停车 parking on the street
5. 在儿童游乐场对面 opposite to the children’s playground
6. 没有楼梯 no stairs
7. 有湖景和山景可供欣赏 has a view of lake and mountain
8. 租金包括 rental fee
9. 任何大的改观any major change
10.任何需要的打扫 any necessary cleaning

S4 博物馆文物保护
31. 老文物保护方法破坏Ozone layer
32. 用一种药水会破坏colour
33. 把害虫之类直接闷死在一个bag里面
34. 画非常expensive
35.这种方法最长需要 14 days
36. 抽掉氧气,填充氮气Nitrogen
37. Wooden/wood sculpture
38. a skin of a kind of frogs
39. Bacteria
40. Moisture
回忆5:
小作文:三个饼图 讲的是智利 阿根廷 墨西哥出口到四个destination的百分比
大作文:Most of world‘s problems is caused by over-population. To what extend you agree or disagree?  

回忆6:
回忆7:
回忆8:
回忆9:
回忆10:
回忆11:
回忆12:


为更好地促进做好Edward艾华师最新预测,请烤鸭们积极回忆在本文下面评论栏目里面,请尽量详细,并标明城市考点,A/G类,听力,阅读,大小作文,谢谢!特请亚太其他国家,欧洲,北美,南美,非洲等其他考区的烤鸭们也积极回忆吧


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