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[国内外] 2018年9月13日中国大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总

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发表于 2018-9-10 09:17:38 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2018年9月13日中国陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总请看最下面,
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2018年9月13日中国陆考区雅思A类笔试真题回忆+答案汇总
回忆1:
小作文: 图表+折线,澳大利亚1994-2002看电影人数变化
大作文: some people think scientific research is a waste of time and money,to what degree do you agree or disagree
回忆2:
S1  电话调查某城市本地人对该城市的满意度和建议。
1,地址, 103 FowlerRoad会拼出来
2,邮编, RO62LR
3,受访者职业,waiter
对城市的评价 三个空
4、 street的干净程度
5、Health service 的满意度
6、Police的印象
7,被问到满意的地方 一个是parks很多可以跟老婆散步,
8,还有一个是shools方便
9,最后两个空是suggestion,一个local是与当地人交流
10,swimming pool

S3   水葫芦对生态的影响
QQ图片20180913164300.png

S4  美洲阿拉斯加移民
QQ图片20180913164005.png
回忆3:
阅读:
Passage1:Australia Airborne Dentist
Passage2:工作压力
Stress of workplace)
原文:
A   How busy is too busy? For some it means having to miss the occasional long lunch; for others it means missing lunch altogether. For a few, it is not being able to take a “sickie” once a month. Then there is a group of people for whom working every evening and weekend is normal, and frantic is the tempo of their lives. For most senior executives, workloads swing between extremely busy and frenzied. The vice-president of the management consultancy AT Kearney and its head of telecommunications for the Asia-Pacific region, Neil Plumridge, says his work weeks vary from a “manageable” 45 hours to 80 hours, but average 60 hours.
B    Three warning signs alert Plumridge about his workload: sleep, scheduling and family. He knows he has too much on when he gets less than six hours of sleep for three consecutive nights; when he is constantly having to reschedule appointments; “and the third one is on the family side”, says Plumridge, the father of a three-year-old daughter, and expecting a second child in October. “If I happen to miss a birthday or anniversary, I know things are out of control.” Being “too busy” is highly subjective. But for any individual, the perception of being too busy over a prolonged period can start showing up as stress: disturbed sleep, and declining mental and physical health. National workers’ compensation figures show stress causes the most lost time of any workplace injury. Employees suffering stress are off work an average of 16.6 weeks. The effects of stress are also expensive. Comcare, the Federal Government insurer, reports that in 2003-04, claims for psychological injury accounted for 7% of claims but almost 27% of claim costs. Experts say the key to dealing with stress is not to focus on relief – a game of golf or a massage – but to reassess workloads. Neil Plumridge says he makes it a priority to work out what has to change; that might mean allocating extra resources to a job, allowing more time or changing expectations. The decision may take several days. He also relies on the advice of colleagues, saying his peers coach each other with business problems. “Just a fresh pair of eyes over an issue can help,” he says.
C    Executive stress is not confined to big organisations. Vanessa Stoykov has been running her own advertising and public relations business for seven years, specialising in work for financial and professional services firms. Evolution Media has grown so fast that it debuted on the BRW Fast 100 list of fastest-growing small enterprises last year – just after Stoykov had her first child. Stoykov thrives on the mental stimulation of running her own business. “Like everyone, I have the occasional day when I think my head’s going to blow off,” she says. Because of the growth phase the business is in, Stoykov has to concentrate on short-term stress relief – weekends in the mountains, the occasional “mental health” day – rather than delegating more work. She says: “We’re hiring more people, but you need to train them, teach them about the culture and the clients, so it’s actually more work rather than less.”
D    Identify the causes: Jan Elsnera, Melbourne psychologist who specialises in executive coaching, says thriving on a demanding workload is typical of senior executives and other high-potential business people. She says there is no one-size-fits-all approach to stress: some people work best with high-adrenalin periods followed by quieter patches, while others thrive under sustained pressure. “We could take urine and blood hormonal measures and pass a judgment of whether someone’s physiologically stressed or not,” she says. “But that’s not going to give us an indicator of what their experience of stress is, and what the emotional and cognitive impacts of stress are going to be.”
E     Eisner’s practice is informed by a movement known as positive psychology, a school of thought that argues “positive” experiences – feeling engaged, challenged, and that one is making a contribution to something meaningful – do not balance out negative ones such as stress; instead, they help people increase their resilience over time. Good stress, or positive experiences of being challenged and rewarded, is thus cumulative in the same way as bad stress. Elsner says many of the senior business people she coaches are relying more on regulating bad stress through methods such as meditation and yoga. She points to research showing that meditation can alter the biochemistry of the brain and actually help people “retrain” the way their brains and bodies react to stress. “Meditation and yoga enable you to shift the way that your brain reacts, so if you get proficient at it you’re in control.”
F    The Australian vice-president of AT Kearney, Neil Plumridge, says: “Often stress is caused by our setting unrealistic expectations of ourselves. I’ll promise a client I’ll do something tomorrow, and then promise another client the same thing, when I really know it’s not going to happen. I’ve put stress on myself when I could have said to the clients: ‘Why don’t I give that to you in 48 hours?’ The client doesn’t care.” Over-committing is something people experience as an individual problem. We explain it as the result of procrastination or Parkinson’s law: that work expands to fill the time available. New research indicates that people may be hard-wired to do it.
G    A study in the February issue of the Journal of Experimental Psychology shows that people always believe they will be less busy in the future than now. This is a misapprehension, according to the authors of the report, Professor Gal Zauberman, of the University of North Carolina, and Professor John Lynch, of Duke University. “On average, an individual will be just as busy two weeks or a month from now as he or she is today. But that is not how it appears to be in everyday life,” they wrote. “People often make commitments long in advance that they would never make if the same commitments required immediate action. That is, they discount future time investments relatively steeply.” Why do we perceive a greater “surplus” of time in the future than in the present? The researchers suggest that people underestimate completion times for tasks stretching into the future, and that they are bad at imagining future competition for their time.
Question 1-5
Use the information in the passage to match the people (listed A-D) with opinions or deeds below.
Write the appropriate letters A-D in boxes 14-18 on your answer sheet.
NB    You may use any letter more than once.
AJan Elsnera
BVanessa Stoykov
CGal Zauberman
DNeil Plumridge

1 Work stress usually happens in the high level of a business.
2  More people’s ideas involved would be beneficial for stress relief.
3 Temporary holiday sometimes doesn’t mean less work.
4 Stress leads to a wrong direction when trying to satisfy customers.
5 It is not correct that stress in the future will be eased more than now.
Question 6-8
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write your answers in boxes 19-21 on your answer sheet.
6    Which of the following workplace stress is NOT mentioned according to Plumridge in the following options
A Not enough time spend on family
B Unable to concentrate on work
C Inadequate time of sleep
D Alteration of appointment
7    Which of the following solution is NOT mentioned in helping reduce the work pressure according toPlumridge
A Allocate more personnel
B  Increase more time
C Lower expectation
D Do sports and massage
8    What is point of view of Jan Elsnera towards work stress
A Medical test can only reveal part of the data needed to cope with stress
B  Index somebody samples will be abnormal in a stressful experience
C Emotional and cognitive affection is superior to physical one
D One well designed solution can release all stress

Question 9-14
Complete the following summary of the paragraphs of Reading Passage, using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the Reading Passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 9-14on your answer sheet.
Statistics from National worker’s compensation indicate stress plays the most important role in 9 which cause the time losses. Staffs take about 10 for absence from work caused by stress. Not just time is our main concern but great expenses generated consequently. An official insurer wrote sometime that about 11 of all claims were mental issues whereas nearly 27% costs in all claims, Sports Such as 12 as well as 13 could be a treatment to release stress; However, specialists recommended another practical way out, analyse 14 once again.

参考答案:
14 A    15 D     16 B     17 D     18 C    19 B    20 D
21 A       22 workplace injury     23 16.6 weeks
24 7%     25 golf     26 a massage      27 workloads

Passage3: 英语学习
回忆4:
听力
Section 1 City Survey
1. Address: Fowler Road
2. Postcode: RO6 2LR
3. Occupation: waiter
4. Satisfactory-streets
5. Good-health services
6. Good-police
7. Plenty of parks
8. Good quality schools
9. More consultation local people
10. Improvements of swimming pool

Section 2 Hamilton Car Sale
11. C - the number of people each week
12. A - differences of entry fee
13. B - document of car
14. B - sign of car
15. C - advice for car owners
16. Cars under 5000 pounds - D
17. Cars between 5000 to 10000 pounds - F
18. Cars above 10000 pounds - H
19. Caravans - A
20. Motorbikes - E

Section 3 水中某种环境污染物的讨论  
21. B
22. E - move of trees
23. A - originated from Latin
24. C
25. C
26. B
27. Dried - B
28. Mushroom - E
29. Oyster - D
30. C

Section 4 Early Human’s migration to USA
31. The place is cold but free of ice
32. How people migrate to Alaska: hunting
33. Evidence of migration: teeth
34. Resources
35. Evidence found: weapons
36. Technology used: boats
37. Plants
38. Climate
39. Lack of skill: navigational
40. Migration is impossible: current

回忆5:
阅读:
Passage1: Australia Airborne Dentist
1. All the dentists in RFDS are volunteers - Not Given
2. They go to rural areas once a month
3. RFDS can treat wild variety of diseases
4. They will bring nurses with them
5. 会提供牙具和教育给村民
6. 假牙大小不适合是一个问题
7. 城里人的牙齿好是因为水
8. Jack said he had scores concerning the composition of the song
9. The Mario changed the song because they were fond of dancing
10. They also added lyrics to the song
11. Fields encountered the song on a tour and recorded it
12. The song became less popular after radio was invented
13. A court rejected that Jack and the descendants of the song

Passage2: Work Related Stress
14. 工作压力来源于给顾客的承诺 - 企业家说的
15. 同事的帮助缓解工作压力 - 企业家说的
16. 主妇
17. 压力大不要缓解,需要训练 - 科学家说的
18. 积极的心态解决压力

Passage3: Global Lingua Franca
回忆6:
小作文: The table and graph below shows cinema visits in Australia between 1994 and 2002. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features,and make comparisons where relevant.

大作文: Some people think that too much money and time have been allocated in scientific research. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

回忆7:
回忆8:
回忆9:
回忆10:
回忆11:
回忆12:


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