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[全国] 2018年9月8日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题...

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发表于 2018-8-29 11:16:34 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2018年9月8日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题答案回忆汇总请看最下面,
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2018年9月8日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题答案回忆汇总
回忆1:
大作文,失业率高,建议政府只提供小学教育,不提供中学教育,你怎么看。 小作文是2个隧道的对比图
回忆2:
亚太区A类小作文流程图对比,大作文In countries where there is a high rate of unemployment, most pupils should be offered only primary education. There is no point in offering secondary education to those who have no hope of finding a job. To what extent do you agree or disagree with  this statement?  
回忆3:
小作文 a road tunnel in Australian city 比较 前几年的tunnel A 和 后几年的 tunnal B
回忆4:
大洋洲考区:1、一种治疗法的历史。不记得那个单词怎么拼了,homo什么的。2、汽车的历史。3、新西兰一种濒临灭绝的蜥蜴。整体还挺容易的。
回忆5:
阅读:
第一篇 珍珠
The Pearl
A
Throughout history, pearls have held a unique presence within the wealthyand powerful. For instance, the pearl was the favored gem of the wealthy during the Roman Empire. This gift from the sea had been brought back from the orient by the Roman conquests. Roman women wore pearls to bed so they could be reminded of their wealth immediately upon waking up. Before jewelers learned to cut gems, the pearl was of greater value than the diamond. In the Orient and Persia Empire, pearls were ground into powders to cure anything from heart disease to epilepsy, with possible aphrodisiac uses as well. Pearls were once considered an exclusive privilege for royalty. A law in 1612 drawn up by the Duke of Saxony prohibited the wearing of pearls by nobility, professors, doctors or their wives in an effort to further distinguish royal appearance. American Indians also used freshwater pearls from the Mississippi River as decorations and jewelry.
B
There are essentially three types of pearls: natural, cultured and imitation. A natural pearl (often called an Oriental pearl) forms when an irritant, such as a piece of sand, works its way into a particular species of oyster, mussel, or clam. As a defense mechanism, the mollusk secretes a fluid to coat the irritant. Layer upon layer of this coating is deposited on the irritant until a lustrous pearl is formed.
C
Theonly difference natural pearls and cultured pearls is that the irritant is a surgically implanted bead or piece of shell called Mother of Pearl. Often, these shells are ground oyster shells that are worth significant amounts of money in their own right as irritant-catalysts for quality pearls. The resulting core is, much larger than in a natural pearl. Yet, as long as there are enough layers of nacre (the secreted fluid covering the irritant) to result in a beautiful, gem-quality pearl, the size of the nucleus is of no consequence to beauty or durability.
D
Pearls can come from either salt or freshwater sources. Typically, saltwaterpearls tend to be higher quality, although there are several types of freshwater pearls that are considered high in quality as well. Freshwater pearls tend to be very irregular in shape, with a puffed rice appearance the most prevalent. Nevertheless, it is each individual pearls merits that determines value more than the source of the pearl. Saltwater pearl oysters are usually cultivated in protected lagoons or volcanic atolls. However, most freshwater cultured pearls sold today come from China. Cultured pearls are the response of the shell to a tissue implant. A tiny piece of mantle tissue from a donor shell is transplanted into a recipient shell. This graft will form a pearl sac and the tissue will precipitate calcium carbonate into this pocket. There are a number of options for producing cultured pearls: use freshwater or seawater shells, transplant the graft into the mantle or into the gonad, add a spherical bead or do it nonbeaded. The majority of saltwater cultured pearls aregrown with beads.
E
Regardless of the method used to acquire a pearl, the process usually takesseveral years. Mussels must reach a mature age, which can take up t0 3 years, and then be implanted or naturally receive an irritant. Once the irritant is in place, it can take up to another 3 years for the pearl to reach its full size. Often, the irritant may be rejected, the pearl will be terrifically misshapen, or the oyster may simply die from disease or countless other complications. By the end of a 5 t0 10 year cycle, only 50% of the oysters will have survived. And of the pearls produced, only approximately 5% are of substantial quality for top jewelry makers. From the outset, a pearl fanner can figure on spending over $100 for every oyster that is farmed, of which many will produce nothing or die.
F
Imitation  pearls  are  a  different  story altogether. In most cases, a glass bead is dipped into a solution made from fish scales. This  coating  is  thin  and  may eventually wear off. One can usually tell an imitation by biting on it. Fake pearls glide across your teeth, while the layers of nacre on real pearls feel gritty. The Island of Mallorca (in Spain) is known for its imitation pearl industry. Quality natural pearls are very rare jewels. The actual value of a natural pearl is determined in the same way as it would be for other “precious”gems. The valuation factors include size, shape, color, quality of surface, orient and luster. In general, cultured pearls are less valuable than natural pearls, whereas imitation pearls almost have no value. One way that jewelers can determine whether a pearl is cultured or natural is to have a gem lab perform an x-ray of the pearl. If the x-ray reveals a nucleus, the pearl is likely a beadnucleated saltwater pearl. If no nucleus is present, but irregular and small dark innerspots indicating a cavity are visible, combined with concentric rings of organic substance, the pearl is likely a cultured freshwater. Cultured freshwater pearls can often be confused for natural pearls which present as homogeneous pictures which continuously darken toward the surface of the pearl. Natural pearls will often show larger cavities where organic matter has dried out and decomposed. Although imitation pearls look the part, they do not have the same weight or smoothness as real pearls, and their luster will also dim greatly. Amongcultured pearls, Akoya pearls from Japan are some of the most lustrous. A good quality necklace of 40 Akoya pearls measuring 7mm in diameter sells for about $1,500, while a super- high quality strand sells for about $4,500. Size onthe other hand, has to do with the age of the oyster that created the pearl (the more mature oysters produce larger pearls) and the location in which the pearl was cultured. The South Sea waters of Australia tend to produce the larger pearls; probably because the water along the coast line is supplied with rich nutrients from the ocean floor. Also, the type of mussel common to the area seems to possess a predilection for producing comparatively large pearls.
G
Historically, the world’s best pearls came from the Persian Gulf, especiallyaround what is now Bahrain. The pearls of the Persian Gulf were natural created and collected by breath-hold divers. The secret to the special luster of Gulf pearls probably derived from the unique mixture of sweet and salt water around the island. Unfortunately, the natural pearl industry of the Persian Gulf endedabruptly in the early 1930’s with the discovery of large deposits of oil. Those who once dove for pearls sought prosperity in the economic boom ushered in by the oil industry. The water pollution resulting from spilled oil and indiscriminate over-fishing of oysters essentially ruined the once pristine pearlproducing waters of the Gulf. Today, pearl diving is practiced only as a hobby. Still, Bahrain remains one of the foremost trading centers for high quality pearls. In fact, cultured pearls are banned from the Bahrain pearl market, in an effort to preserve the location’s heritage. Nowadays, the largest stockof natural pearls probably resides in India. Ironically, much of India’s
stock of natural pearls came originally from Bahrain. Unlike Bahrain, which has essentially lost its pearl resource, traditional pearl fishing is still practiced on a small scale in India.

Questions l-4
..................................................................................
Reading Passage l has seven paragraphs, A-G. Which paragraph contains the following information? Write the correct letter A-G in boxes 1-4 0n your answer sheet.
1 Ancient stories around the pearl and customers
2 Difficulties in cultivating process
3  Factors can decide the value of natural pearls.
4   Different growth mechanisms that distinguish the cultured pearls from natural ones.
Question 5-10
.................................................................................
Complete the summary below. Choose letter from A-K for each answer. Write them in
boxes 5-10 0n your answer sheet.
A  America  B  Ancient Rome  C Australia
D  Bahrain  E  China  F  Japan
G  India  H Korea  I  Mexico
J Persia  K Spain
In ancient history, pearls have great importance within the rich and rulers, which was treated as gem for women in 5 . And pearls were even used as medicine and sex drug for people in 6 . There are essentially three types of pearls: natural, cultured and imitation. Most freshwater cultured pearls sold today come from Chinawhile the7 is famous for its imitation pearl industry. The country 8 usually manufactures some of the glitteriest cultured ones while the nation, such as 9 , produces the larger sized pearl due to the favorable environment along the coast line. In the past, one country of 10 in Gulf produced the world’s best pearls. Nowadays, the major remaining suppliers of the natural pearls belong to India.

Question 11-14
...............................................................................
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage 1? In boxes 11-14 0n your answer sheet, write
TRUE  if the sataement agrees with the information
FALSE  if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN  if there is no information on this
11 Often cultured pearl’s centre is significantly larger than in a natural pearl.
12  Cultivated cultured pearls are generally valued the same much as natural ones
13 The size of pearls produced in Japan is usually of smaller size than those came from Australia.
14 Akoya pearls from Japan Glows more deeply than the South Sea pearls ofAustralia

参考答案:
1 A      2 E     3 F     4 C     5 B      6 J       7 K      8 F      9 C
10 D     11 TRUE       12 FALSE       13 TRUE     14 NOT GIVEN

第二篇  福尔摩斯
文章大意:
第一段写夏洛克福尔摩斯这本书的作者是柯南道尔,在书中介绍了一种对于血液测量的方法。在书中提到的这种方法直到13年以后才被德国科学家所证实并应用于刑侦学。
第二段写夏洛克福尔摩斯的作者柯南道尔是一名物理学家。在他的书信和手稿里详细描述了夏洛克断案的严格精神。
第三段写一个人,对于道尔的内容非常支持并予以研究,但是当时英国警察局对于内容不相信并阻碍研究。
第四段对比读者们对于道尔的内容非常喜爱并掀起了侦探小说的高潮。电视上陆续出现了相同题材的电视节目。
第五段讲了法国的一位科学家在柯南道尔作品的启发下发明了一系列辅助侦破工作的科学方法。
第六段讲述柯南道尔创作的inspiration来自于他在爱丁堡的三个colleague,分别描述

部分答案:
1-5 单选题: (1) 德国科学家发明的例子:证明柯南关于血液的研究是有科学依据的(2) 柯南道尔内容在那个时代不能被立刻采纳:英国警察认为是inpactical 6-10 配对题:柯南道尔的书信和手稿--------福尔摩斯严格办案法国年轻科学家-------- 证明福尔摩斯这本书促进了刑侦学的发展柯南道尔的灵感---------爱丁堡的同事 11-13 判断题 11.Y, 12.N, 13.NG

第三篇  人的感官
文章大意:
第一段简述人类有五种感觉,听觉,嗅觉,味觉,视觉和触觉。
第二段开始讲述听觉,人们在对于特定频率Hz的声音更加敏感人类在频率20-20000HZ的时候听得比较清楚,但是达到了某个30000的频率的时候也会听到。其中speech的Hz只要在这个频率段。
第三段开始讲述视觉。人类是彩色视觉高度发展的物种,只有一些猫,还有一种特殊的狗的视觉在能够接近人类。在白天人类的视觉非常好。而其他动物通过其他的视觉类型敏捷的分辨食物。
第四段讲述嗅觉,嗅觉在平时觉得很useless,但是能够帮助我们察觉危险。
第五段到最后一段描述触觉,证明触觉是最不真实的。列举了一个人的实验。 实验内容(流程图答案)组织者对志愿者进行电击。每个志愿分发一个小inactive pill。Group A告诉他们pill能够减少疼痛,Group B告诉他们Pill最增加人们的sensitivity。实验开始,Group A即时承受最大电流的电击也很轻松,而Group B在遭受中等疼痛的电击就开始无法承受。

部分答案:
Matching题:感觉和描述配对,出现了NB Smell:搭配平时没用,但能察觉危险。同义词odour Taste: (NB):(1)种族和种族不同。原文说白种人喜欢牛奶,黄种人喜欢其他的。(2)人和人之间差别很大。原文说因为不同的经历有些人认为很好吃的东西其他人觉得不好吃。 Hearing:不确定 判断题:第一个T。说的是声音的speech要比其他的sound听得清楚,这句话是被动语态。原文中说人类在频率20-20000HZ的时候听得比较清楚,但是达到了某个30000的频率的时候也会听到。单原句有一个比较级,明显说的是20-20000HZ的更好,所有这道题应该选T 第二题NG说的是人类的视觉比动物对daylight 的更敏感,文中找不到这种比较。第三个F关键词all。也是一个比较,文中找不到对应的比较。第四个说法绝对化。 流程图摘要:第一个填inactive,第二个maximum, 第三个mild
回忆6:
澳洲A卷
Section 1 Consulting a well-being center for health
1. Current job: nurse
2. Telephone number: 0407 686 121
3. Frequent: headache
4. Occasional symptom: colds
5. Allergic to: seafood
6. Have problem with her: eyes
7. Time last: 30 min
8. Venue: park
9. Activity: yoga
10. Sport center

Section 4 How to choose building material
31. There is some man-made materials, such as the example of plastic
32. Before using, materials should be undergo processing
33. Wood: wood should be cut and seasoned and then made into timber which is kept with preservatives
34. Stone: cut and polished
35. Building should consider cost and effect on environment should be considered
36. The properties of different materials varies widely, for example, color/texture, and grain pattern of timber
37. Use mathematic formula to evaluate the quality of wood, because words are subjective, they are ambiguous in description
38. Approximately 0.8
39. Approximately 0.1
40. Black velvet

澳洲B卷
Section 1 Telephone conversation
1. Janet’s address: No. 134 the Rose Road
2. Telephone number: 0407 60822
3. If she win the prize, how to contact her: C work number
4. When does the prize winner information be publicized on: C Saturday’s newspaper
5. At the hotel what benefit can she get: B a free dinner and all free breakfast
6. What types of holiday does her children like: A surfing holiday with a lot of music
7. What type of environment does she like, the lady prefers: A quiet environment
8. Walking
9. Reading
10. Eating out

Section 2 PE course
11. To seek opportunities
12. To increase applicant’s confidence and experience
13. Include some culture contacts
14. Young employees
15. Written documents
16. Interested in promotion
17. 45 minutes
18. Networking
19. Your application form
20. Self employment
回忆7:
亚太卷
Section 1 House renting
1. Sarah is sharing the flat with her cousin
2. First she must contact landlord’s service manager
3. Repair fee: it may cost her $50
4. Sarah can contact private company for emergency repair
5. Sarah can be contacted by mobile phone
6. She needs to sigh the agreement after all the repair
7. What’s the problem with the bathroom window: B the lock needs to be checked
8. When the electricity can be repaired: A exam the electricity firstly
9. What can be done to lighting system: A check
10. What additional was broken in the main hall: C carpet

Section 2 The notice on leaving a ship trip
11. a bill
12. A comment card
13. A booking form
14. The final time of luggage taken: 11.30pm
15. After dinner, please leave the cabin keys on dressing table
16. Room service not offered last night
17. When can the passengers go off the boat: C complete all legal formalities
18. Who will go off the board first: B persons who need to catch planes
19. Then going off the board, passengers should wait at: B the Public Room
20. If there are goods to be declared in the custom, you should: C phone the officer
回忆8:
阅读
Passage1: Ancient Chinese Chariots
Passage2: Is Graffiti Art or Crime?
Passage3: 作家
回忆9:
香港考的 阅读
第一篇是一个什么治疗法,homo什么什么忘了怎么拼了
第二篇是汽车的发展史,外形变化什么的
The History of Automobiles

A  Thehistory of the automobile begins as early as 1769, with the creation of steamengined automobiles capable of human transport. In 1806, the first cars poweredby an internal combustion engine running on fuel gas appeared, which led to theintroduction in 1885 of the ubiquitous modern petrol-fueled internal combustionengine.
B  It isgenerally acknowledged that the first really practical automobiles withpetrol/gasoline-powered internal combustion engines were completed almostsimultaneously by several German inventors working independently: Karl Benzbuilt his first automobile in 1885 in Mannheim. Benz was granted a patent forhis automobile on 29 January 1886, and began the first production ofautomobiles in 1888 in a company later became the famous Mercedes-Benz.
C  Atthe beginning of the century the automobile entered the transportation marketfor the rich. The drivers of the day were an adventurous lot, going out inevery kind of weather, unprotected by an enclosed body, or even a convertibletop. Everyone in town knew who owned what car and the cars were soon to becomeeach individual's token of identity. However, it became increasingly popularamong the general population because it gave travelers the freedom to travelwhen they wanted to and where they wanted. As a result, in North America andEurope the automobile became cheaper and more accessible to the middle class.This was facilitated by Henry Ford who did two important things. First hepriced his car to be as affordable as possible and second, he paid his workersenough to be able to purchase the cars they were manufacturing.
D  Theassembly line style of mass production and interchangeable parts had beenpioneered in the U.S. This concept was greatly expanded by Henry Ford,beginning in 1914. The large-scale, production-line manufacturing of affordableautomobiles was debuted Ford's cars came off the line in fifteen minuteintervals, much faster than previous methods, increasing productivity eightfold(requiring 12.5 man-hours before, 1 hour 33 minutes after), while using lessmanpower. Ford's complex safety proceduresespecially assigning each worker to a specific location instead ofallowing them to roam aboutdramatically reduced the rate of injury. The combination of highwages and high efficiency is called "Fordism," and was copied by mostmajor industries.
E  Theoriginal Jeep vehicle that first appeared as the prototype Bantam BRC becamethe primary light 4-wheel-drive vehicle of the United States Army and Alliesand made a huge leap in sale during World War IT, as well as the postwarperiod. Many Jeep variants serving similar military and civilian roles havesince been created and kept being improved on general performance in othernations.
F  Throughoutthe 1950s, engine power and vehicle speeds rose, designs became more integratedand artful, and cars spread across the world. The market changed somewhat inthe 1960s, as Detroit began to worry about foreign competition, the Europeanmakers adopted ever-higher technology, and Japan appeared as a seriouscar-producing nation. General Motors, Chrysler, and Ford tried radical smallcars, like the GM A-bodies, but had little success. Captive imports and badgeengineering swept through the US and UK as amalgamated groups like the BritishMotor Corporation consolidated the market. BMC's revolutionary space-savingMini, which first appeared in 1959, captured large sales worldwide. Minis weremarketed under the Austin and Morris names, until Mini became a marque in itsown right in 1969. The trend for corporate consolidation reached Italy as nichemakers like Maserati, Ferrari, and Lancia were acquired by larger companies. Bythe end of the decade, the number of automobile marques had been greatlyreduced.
G  InAmerica, performance became a prime focus of marketing, exemplified by ponycars and muscle cars. But everything changed in the 1970s as the 1973 oilcrisis, automobile emissions control rules, Japanese and European imports, andstagnant innovation wreaked havoc on the American industry. Though somewhatironically, full-size sedans staged a major comeback in the years between theenergy crisis, with makes such as Cadillac and Lincoln staging their best salesyears ever in the late 70s. Small performance cars from BMW, Toyota, and Nissantook the place of big-engined cars from America and Italy.
H  Onthe technology front, the biggest developments in Post-war era were thewidespread use of independent suspensions, wider application of fuel injection,and an increasing focus on safety in the design of automobiles. The hottesttechnologies of the 1960s were NSU's "Wankel engine", the gasturbine, and the turbocharger. Of these, only the last, pioneered by GeneralMotors but popularised by BMW and Saab, was to see widespread use. Mazda hadmuch success with its "Rotary" engine which, however, acquired areputation as a polluting gas-guzzler. Other Wankel licensees, includingMercedes-Benz and General Motors, never put their designs into production afterthe 1973 oil crisis. (Mazda's hydrogen-fuelled successor was later todemonstrate potential as an "ultimate eco-car".) Rover and Chryslerboth produced experimental gas turbine cars to no effect.
I   Themodern era has also seen rapidly rising fuel efficiency and engine output. Oncethe automobile emissions concerns of the 1970s were conquered with computerizedengine management systems, power began to rise rapidly. In the 1980s, apowerful sports car might have produced 200 horsepower (150 kW) - just 20 yearslater, average passenger cars have engines that powerful, and some performancemodels offer three times as much power.
J   Mostautomobiles in use today are propelled by an internal combustion engine, fueledby gasoline or diesel. Both fuels are known to cause air pollution and are alsoblamed for contributing to climate change and global warming. Rapidlyincreasing oil prices, concerns about oil dependence, tightening environmentallaws and restrictions on greenhouse gas emissions are propelling work on alternative powersystems for automobiles. Efforts to improve or replace existing technologiesinclude the development of hybrid vehicles, plug-in electric vehicles andhydrogen vehicles. Vehicles using alternative fuels such as ethanolflexible-fuel vehicles and natural gas vehicles are also gaining popularity insome countries.

Questions 15-19
Look at the following statements (Questions15-19) and the list of auto companies or car types in the box belong:
Match each statement with the correctperson A-G
Write the appropriate letter A-G in boxes15-19 on your answer sheet.
15. The company which began the firstmanufacture of automobiles
16. The company that produces theindustrialized cars that consumers can afford
17. The example of auto which improved thespace room efficiency
18. The type of auto with greatest upgradedoverall performance in Post-war era
19. The type of autos still keeping anadvanced sale even during a seemingly unproductive period
A. The Ford (American, Henry Ford)
B. The BMC's Mini
C. Cadillac and Lincoln (American)
D. Mercedes-Benz (German)
E. Mazda
F. Jeep
G. NSU's "Wankel engine" car
H. Mascrati, Ferrari, and Iancia

Questions 20-26
Answer the questions below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR ANUMBER from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 20-26 on youranswer sheet.
20. What is a common feature of modem cars'engine type since late 19th century
21. In the past, what did the rich takeowing a car as?
22. How long did Ford's assembly line taketo produce a car?
23. What does people call the Mazda cardesigned under Wankel engine?
24. What is the major historical event thatled American cars to suffer when competing with Japanese imported cars?
25. What has greatly increased withcomputerised engine management systems?
26. What factor is blamed for contributingto pollution, climate change and global warming?

Questions 27
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C, or D.
Write your answers in boxes 27 on youranswer sheet
27 What is the main idea of this passage?
A. the historical contribution of theFord's mass production assembly line
B. the historical development andinnovation in car designs
C. the beginning of the modern designedgasoline engines
D. the history of human and the Autoindustry
答案:
15.D   16.A    17.B    18.G    19.C    20.Petrol-fueled internalcombustion
21.Token of identity   22.minutes/ (1 hour 33 minutes)   23.Polluting gas-guzzler
24.0il crisis    25.Power  26.Fuel或者 gasoline ordiesel    27.B

版本二:
文章主旨:本文主要讲解了汽车的发展史。
配对6:
14. providing more space because of its special design--Mini
15. It didn’t catch so much interest—Motorwagen
16. affordable to common people-- Ford
17. overall performance was improved-- Sliver Ghost
18. generated in unproductive period--Jeep
19. front wheel engine--Tatra Avant
问答6:
20. What are the features of motor cars compared with previous  road transportation? steam-powered cars
21. 除了速度快,motor car 还有什么作用?a status symbol
22. 生产一台福特轿车需要多久:90 minutes
23. 人们把特别耗油的车成为:gas guzzler
24. 首次用Diesel驱动的汽车成产公司是:Mercedes
25. 目前致力于生产什么样的车?economy-conscious cars
选择1:
26:What’s the main idea  of this passage?
B:  describe the development of cars

第三篇是一种新西兰的lizard要die out了因为一些rats...
回忆10:
阅读
P1 一种治疗方法的起源和曲折发展?
P2汽车工业的发展和对环境的担忧。
P3关于一种濒危蜥蜴的研究理论。
回忆11:
回忆12:
回忆13:
回忆14:
回忆15:


为更好地促进做好Edward艾华师最新预测,请烤鸭们积极回忆在本文下面评论栏目里面,请尽量详细,并标明城市考点,A/G类,听力,阅读,大小作文,谢谢!特请亚太其他国家,欧洲,北美,南美,非洲等其他考区的烤鸭们也积极回忆吧



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