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[全国] 2018年8月25日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题...

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发表于 2018-8-19 22:30:55 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2018年8月25日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题答案回忆汇总请看最下面,
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2018年8月25日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题答案回忆汇总
回忆1:
亚太区A类小作文柱状图,大作文For school children, their teachers have more influence on their intelligence and social development than their parents. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
回忆2:
墨尔本 大作文 孩子读书以后  在他们的智力和社交能力的提升上老师的作用比父母大与否  你同意哪种观点
小作文 2007欧洲城市和乡村受四种污染的柱状图 交通 工业 另外两个忘了
阅读  第一篇罗马古建筑  
Fishbourne Roman Palace
Fishbourne Roman Palace is in the village of Fishbourne, Chichester in West Sussex. The large palace was built in the 1st century AD, around thirty years after the Roman conquest of Britain on the site of a Roman army supply base established at the Claudian invasion in 43 AD. The rectangular palace surrounded formal gardens, the northern half of which have been reconstructed. There were extensive alterations in the 2nd and 3rd centuries, with many of the original black and white mosaics being overlaid with more sophisticated coloured work, including the perfectly preserved dolphin mosaic in the north wing. More alterations were in progress when the palace burnt down in around 270, after which it was abandoned.

Although local people had known of the existence of Roman remains in the area, it was not until 1960 that the archaeologist Barry Cunliffe first systematically excavated the site, which had been accidentally uncovered by Aubrey Barrett an engineer working for Portsmouth Water Company who was laying a new water main across a field. The Roman villa excavated by Cunliffe's team was so large that it became known as Fishbourne Roman Palace, and a museum was erected to protect and preserve some of the remains in situ. This is administered by the Sussex Archaeological Society.

In size, it is approximately equivalent to Nero's Golden House in Rome or to the Roman villa at Piazza Armerina in Sicily, and in plan it closely mirrors the basic organisation of the emperor Domitian's palace, the Domus Flavia, completed in AD 92 upon the Palatine Hill in Rome. Fishbourne is by far the largest Roman residence known north of the Alps. At about 500 feet (150 m) square, it is larger in size than Buckingham Palace.

A modern museum has been built by the Sussex Archaeological Society, incorporating most of the visible remains including one wing of the palace. The gardens have been re-planted using authentic plants from the Roman period. A team of volunteers and professional archaeologists are involved in a continuing research archaeological excavation on the site of nearby, possibly military, buildings. The last dig was in 2002.

The first buildings on the site were granaries, apparently a supply base for the Roman army, constructed in the early part of the conquest in 43 AD. Later, two timber-frame buildings were constructed, one with clay and mortar floors and plaster walls which appears to have been a dwelling house of some comfort. These buildings were demolished in the AD 90s and replaced by a substantial stone-walled house, which included a courtyard garden with colonnades and a bath suite. It has been suggested [4] that the palace itself, incorporating the previous house in its south-east corner, was built in around c 73-75 AD. A reinterpretation of the ground plan and finds assemblage by Dr Miles Russell of Bournemouth University has suggested that, given the extremely close parallels with Domitian's imperial palace in Rome, its construction may more plausibly date to after AD 92.

With regard to who lived in the Fishbourne palace, the accepted theory, first proposed by Barry Cunliffe, is that the early phase of the palace was the residence of Tiberius Claudius Cogidubnus (or Togidubnus), a pro-Roman local chieftain who was installed as king of a number of territories following the first stage of the conquest. Cogidubnus / Togidubnus is known from a reference to his loyalty in Tacitus's Agricola,[5] and from an inscription commemorating a temple dedicated to Neptune and Minerva found in nearby Chichester. Another theory is that it was built for another native, Sallustius Lucullus, a Roman governor of Britain of the late 1st century who may have been the son of the British prince Adminius.[7] Two inscriptions recording the presence of Lucullus have been found in nearby Chichester and the redating, by Miles Russell, of the palace to the early AD 90s, would fit far more securely with such an interpretation. If the palace were designed for Lucullus, then it may have only been in use for a few years, for the Roman historian Suetonius records that Lucullus was executed by the delusional emperor Domitian in or shortly after AD 93.[8]

Additional theories suggest that either Verica, a British client king of the Roman Empire in the years preceding the Claudian invasion was owner of the palace, or even one Tiberius Claudius Catuarus, whose gold signet ring was recently discovered.[2]

The palace outlasted the original owner and was extensively re-planned early in the 2nd century, being subdivided up into a series of lesser apartments. Further redevelopment was begun in the late 3rd century, but these alterations were incomplete when the north wing was destroyed in a fire c. 270 AD. The damage was too great to repair, and the palace was abandoned and later dismantled. It is not known whether the fire was accidental, set by coastal raiders or part of a more widespread period of disruption caused by the revolt of the 'British' emperor Carausius in the 280s AD.

The final phase palace comprised four large wings with colonnaded fronts, forming a square around a formal garden. The north and east wings each consisted of suites of rooms built around courtyards, with a monumental entrance in the middle of the east wing. In the north-east corner was an aisled assembly hall. The west wing contained state rooms, a large ceremonial reception room, and a gallery. The south wing contained the owner's private apartments. The palace also included as many as 50 mosaic floors, under-floor central heating and an integral bathhouse.

文章大意:主要讲的是对一个罗马宫殿的考察。第一段总述该宫殿的历史;第二段描述发现的经过;第三段对其建筑进行描写;第四段列举了关于该宫殿为谁而建的两种假说;最后段说明该地方现状。

答案:
填空题
1.        Save food for the army
2.        Surrounded by formal gardens
3.        Colors are added to mosaic floors
判断题
1.        The Fishbourne Roman Palace was the first building built on the site. NOT GIVEN
2.        Research is going on in this area. TRUE
3.        FALSE
4.        TRUE
5.        Scientists have reached agreement on whom the palace was built for. FALSE
6.        The palace was burnt down by local people. NOT GIVEN
填空题
10. The first part found was part of a wall.
11. One of the kings lived there until 93 AD.
12. His gold ring was found there.
13. A modern museum was built to protect it.

第二篇是自主创业
回忆3:
大阪 听力 房屋配件维修 公司放假制度 海豚 和一个新的仪器 阅读 英国的侦探小说 第二篇忘了 玩具
回忆4:
新西兰作文同大陆。阅读 美国英国侦探小说的发展,人数在团队中的function,最后小孩子玩玩具跟现代社会的区别。听力section4 airplane robot salt quality climate cables chemical surface oil right
回忆5:
第一篇侦探小说,第二篇是人数控制,150人最佳,第三篇中世纪英国儿童娱乐方式。
回忆6:
Section 3 Dolphins in New Zealand
1. Why people become interested in dolphins: their special organ in head structure
2. What not affected Hector dolphins’ population most: B tourists’ contact
3. The reason that government established the sanctuary: evidence by a recent scientific research
4. Where has the most population of dolphins in New Zealand: B western coast
5. Common dolphins: D can be found through in New Zealand
6. Dusky dolphins: B swim in large group
7. Hector’s dolphins: A swim behind the ships
8. Maui dolphin: E live only off to northwest coast
9. Orcas dolphin: H the biggest dolphin
10. Bottlenose dolphin: F the second largest dolphin in New Zealand

Section 4 Autonomous underwater vehicles
11. AUV looks like a small airplane
12. Act like a robot
13. Measure level of salt concentration
14. Rely on the water quality
15. How the ocean impacts on the climate
16. Cannot ink to ship of cables
17. Chemical level
18. Engines use oil and the gas is pumped between the two bladders
19. From the antenna in the right wing-tip
回忆7:
阅读
Passage1: 地图的发展
QQ图片20180825181643.png
QQ图片20180825181656.png
QQ图片20180825181707.png
Passage2: 古建筑保护

Passage3: 花朵
回忆8:
香港BC 尖沙咀新世界千禧酒店 听力  S1 房屋维修 S2 公司休闲项目 S3 海豚 S4 水下自动车( AUV) 阅读忘了..... 好像有个讲玩具史的 还有一个讲group number的 写作 小作文:2007年城市和乡村五项噪音污染对居民的影响 大作文:教师对学生的影响比家长对孩子的影响大?agree/disagree
回忆9:
英国考区
听力
S1是考的参加课程,画画的课,drawing课是人体模特什么的
S2、3部分记不太清楚了
S4是考的一种动物,以前认为属于goast, 现在认为属于sheep
阅读
第一篇是SOSUS: Listening to the Ocean(海地声音探索)
A The oceans of Earth cover more than 70 percent of the planet’s surface, yet, until quite recently, we knew less about their depths than we did about the surface of the Moon. Distant as it is, the Moon has been far more accessible to study because astronomers long have been able to look at its surface, first with the naked eye and then with the telescope-both instruments that focus light. And, with telescopes tuned to different wavelengths of light, modem astronomers can not only analyze Earth’s atmosphere, but also determine the temperature and composition of the Sun or other stars many hundreds of light years away. Until the twentieth century, however, no analogous (类 似 的) instruments were available for the study of Earth’s oceans: Light, which can travel trillions of miles through the vast vacuum of space, cannot penetrate very far in seawater.
B Curious investigators long have been fascinated by sound and the way it travels in water. As early as 1490,Leonardo da Vinci observed: “If youcause your ship to stop and place the head of a long tube in the water and place the outer extremity to your ear, you will hear ships at a great distance from you.”In 1687, the first mathematical theory of sound propagation was published by SirIsaac Newton in his Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica. Investigators were measuring the speed of sound in air beginning in the mid seventeenth century, but it was not until 1826 that Daniel Colladon, a Swiss physicist, and Charles Sturm, a French mathematician, accurately measured its speed in water. Using a long tube to listen underwater (as da Vinci had
suggested), they recorded how fast the sound of a submerged bell traveled across Lake Geneva. Their result-1,435 meters (1,569 yards) per second in water of l.8 degrees Celsius (35 degrees Fahrenheit)- was only 3 meters per second off from the speed accepted today. What these investigators demonstrated was that water-whether fresh or salt- is an excellent medium for sound, transmitting it almost five times faster than its speed in air
C In 1877 and 1878, the British scientist John William Strut, third Baron Rayleigh, published his two-volume seminal work, The Theory of Sound, often regarded as marking the beginning of the modem study of acoustics. The recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1904 for his successful isolation of theelement argon, Lord Rayleigh made key discoveries in the fields of acoustics and optics that are critical to the theory of wave propagation in fluids. Among other things, Lord Rayleigh was the first to describe a sound wave as a mathematical equation (the basis of all theoretical work on acoustics) and the first to describe how small particles in the atmosphere scatter certain wavelengths of sunlight, a principle that also applies to the behavior of sound waves in water.
D A number of factors influence how far sound travels underwater and how long it lasts. For one, particles in seawater can reflect, scatter, and absorb certain frequencies of  sound-just  as  certain  wavelength  (波长)of light may be reflected, scattered, and absorbed by specific types of particles in the atmosphere. Seawater absorbs 30 times the amount of sound absorbed by distilled water, with  specific  chemicals  (such as magnesium sulfate and boric acid) damping
out certain frequencies of sound. Researchers also learned that low frequency sounds, whose long wavelengths generally pass over tiny particles, tend to travelfarther without loss through absorption or scattering. Further work on the effects of salinity, temperature, and pressure on the speed of sound has yielded fascinating insights into the structure of the ocean. Speaking generally,
the ocean is divided into horizontal layers in which sound speed is influenced more greatly by temperature in the upper regions and by pressure in the lower depths. At the surface is a sun-warmed upper layer, the actual temperature and thickness of which varies with the season. At mid-latitudes, this layer tends to be isothermal (等温的) , that is, the temperature tends to be uniform throughout the layer because the water is well mixed by the action of waves, winds, and convection currents; a sound signal moving down through this layer tends to travel at an almost constant speed. Next comes a transitional layer called the thermocline, in which temperature drops steadily with depth; as temperature falls, so does the speed of sound. (考卷部分有删减)
E  The U.S. Navy was quick to appreciate the usefulness of low-frequency sound and the deep sound channel in extending the range at which it could detect submarines. In great secrecy during the 1950s, the U.S. Nary launched a project that went by the code name Jezebel; it would later come to be known as the Sound Surveillance (监视) System(SOSUS).The system involved arrays of underwater microphones, called hydrophones, that were placed on the ocean bottom and connected by cables to onshore processing centers. With SOSUS deployed in both deep and shallow water along both coasts of North America and the British West Indies, the U.S. Navy not only could detect submarines in much of the northern hemisphere, it also could distinguish how many propellers a submarine had, whether it was conventional or nuclear, and sometimes even the class of sub.
F The realization that SOSUS could be used to listen to whales also was made by Christopher Clark, a biological acoustician(声学家) at Cornell University, when he first visited a SOSUS station in 1992. When Clark looked at the graphic representations of sound, scrolling 24 hours day, every day, he saw the voice patterns  of blue, finback, minke,  and humpback  whales.  He  also could hear the sounds. Using a SOSUS receiver in the West Indies, be could hear whales that were  l,770  kilometers (1,100miles) away. Whales are the biggest of Earth’s creatures. The  blue whale,for example, can be 100 feet long and weigh as many tons. Yet these animals also are remarkably elusive. Scientists wish to observe blue time and position them on a map. Moreover, they can track not just one whale at a time, but many creatures simultaneously throughout the North Atlantic and the eastern North Pacific. They also can learn to distinguish whale calls. For example, Fox and colleagues have detected changes in the calls of finback whales( 长 须 鲸)during different seasons and have found that blue whales in different regions of thePacific ocean have different calls. Whales firsthand must wait in their ships for the whales to surface. A few whales have been tracked ‘briefly in the wild this way but not for very great distances, and much about them remains unknown. Using the SOSUS stations, scientists can track the whales in real time and position them on a map. Moreover, they can track not just one whale at a time, but many creatures simultaneously throughout the North Atlanticand the eastern North Pacific. They also can learn to distinguish whale calls. For example, Fox and colleagues have detected changes in the calls of finback whales during different seasons and have found that blue whales in different
regions of the Pacific Ocean have different calls.
G SOSUS, with its vast  reach, also has proved instrumental in obtaining information crucial to our understanding of Earth’s weather and climate. Specifically, the system has enabled researchers to begin making ocean temperature measurements on a global scale-measurements that are keys to puzzling out the workings of heat transfer between the ocean and the atmosphere. The ocean plays an enormous role in determining air temperature the heat capacity in only the upper few meters of ocean is thought to be equal to all of the heat in the entire atmosphere. For sound waves traveling
horizontally in the ocean, speed is largely a function of temperature. Thus, the travel time of a wave of sound between two points is a sensitive indicator of the average temperature along its path. Transmitting sound in numerous directions through the deep sound channel can give scientists measurements spanning vast areas of the globe. Thousands of sound paths in the ocean could
be pieced together into a map of global ocean temperatures and, by repeating measurements along the same paths over times, scientists could track changes in temperature over months or years.
H Researchers also are using other acoustic techniques to monitor climate. Oceanographer Jeff Nystuen at the University of Washington, for example, has explored the use of sound to measure rainfall over the ocean. Monitoring changing global rainfall patterns undoubtedly will contribute to understanding major climate change as well as the weather phenomenon known as EJ Nino. Since 1985, Nystuen has used hydrophones to listen to rain over the ocean, acoustically measuring not only the rainfall rate but also the rainfall type, from drizzle to thunderstorms. By using the sound of rain underwater as a “natural” rain gauge (雨量测量器) , the measurement of rainfall over the oceans will become available to climatologists.
Questions 1-4 .................................................................................
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage l? In boxes l-4 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE  if the sataement agrees with the information
FALSE  if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN  if there is no information on this
1 In the past, difficulties of research carried out on Moon were much easier than that of ocean.
2   The same light technology used on investigation of moon can be employed in
the field of ocean.
3 Research on the depth of ocean by method of sound wave is more time consuming
4 Hydrophones technology is able to detect the category of precipitation
Questions 5-8 .................................................................................
The reading Passage has seven paragraphs A-H.
Which paragraph contains the following information ?
Write the correct letter A-H, in boxes 5-8 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once
5 Elements affect sound transmission in the ocean
6 Relationship between global climate and ocean temperature
7 Examples of how sound technology help people research ocean and creatures in it
8 Sound transmission under water is similar to that of ligbt in any condition
Questions 9-13 ...............................................................................
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write your answers in boxes 9-13 on your answer sheet.
9 Who of the followings is dedicated to the research of rate of sound?
A  Leonardo da Vinci
B  Isaac Newton
C  John William Strutt
D Charles Sturm
10 Who explained that the theory of light or sound wavelength is significant inwater?
A  Lord Rayleigh
B  John William Strutt
C  Charles Sturm
D  Christopher Clark
11 According to Fox and colleagues, in what pattern does the change of finback whale calls happen
A  Change in various seasons
B  Change in various days
C  Change in different months
D  Change in different years
12 In which way does the SOSUS technology inspect whales?
A Track all kinds of whales in the ocean
B  Track bunches of whales at the same time
C  Track only finback whale in the ocean
D  Track whales by using multiple appliances or devices
13 what could scientists inspect via monitoring along a repeated route ?
A Temperature of the surface passed
B  Temperature of the deepest ocean floor
C  Variation of temperature
D  Fixed data of temperature
参考答案:
1. TRUE    2. FALSE     3.NOT GIVEN      4. TRUE
5. D     6. G     7. F      8 .D     9. C
10. A    11.A     12. B      13. C

第二篇Antic Fox
第三篇是石油短缺

小作文是表格题,参加马拉松的人数
大作文是, Some young people leaving the home in the rural area to work or study in the cities.  What do you think is the reasons?Do you think the advantage of this development outweigh the disadvantage

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