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[全国] 2018年8月2日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题

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发表于 2018-7-29 22:17:52 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2018年8月2日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题答案回忆汇总请看最下面,
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2018年8月2日澳洲,新西兰,香港等亚太考区雅思A类笔试真题答案回忆汇总
回忆1:
香港bc小作文折线图大作文few controls over design and construction of buildings你是否认为优点大过缺点
回忆2:
韩国小作文折线图 大作文没有限制自己设计建造房子或者办公室好还是不好
回忆3:
台湾 阅读
第一篇是汽车发展
The History of Automobiles

A  Thehistory of the automobile begins as early as 1769, with the creation of steamengined automobiles capable of human transport. In 1806, the first cars poweredby an internal combustion engine running on fuel gas appeared, which led to theintroduction in 1885 of the ubiquitous modern petrol-fueled internal combustionengine.
B  It isgenerally acknowledged that the first really practical automobiles withpetrol/gasoline-powered internal combustion engines were completed almostsimultaneously by several German inventors working independently: Karl Benzbuilt his first automobile in 1885 in Mannheim. Benz was granted a patent forhis automobile on 29 January 1886, and began the first production ofautomobiles in 1888 in a company later became the famous Mercedes-Benz.
C  Atthe beginning of the century the automobile entered the transportation marketfor the rich. The drivers of the day were an adventurous lot, going out inevery kind of weather, unprotected by an enclosed body, or even a convertibletop. Everyone in town knew who owned what car and the cars were soon to becomeeach individual's token of identity. However, it became increasingly popularamong the general population because it gave travelers the freedom to travelwhen they wanted to and where they wanted. As a result, in North America andEurope the automobile became cheaper and more accessible to the middle class.This was facilitated by Henry Ford who did two important things. First hepriced his car to be as affordable as possible and second, he paid his workersenough to be able to purchase the cars they were manufacturing.
D  Theassembly line style of mass production and interchangeable parts had beenpioneered in the U.S. This concept was greatly expanded by Henry Ford,beginning in 1914. The large-scale, production-line manufacturing of affordableautomobiles was debuted Ford's cars came off the line in fifteen minuteintervals, much faster than previous methods, increasing productivity eightfold(requiring 12.5 man-hours before, 1 hour 33 minutes after), while using lessmanpower. Ford's complex safety proceduresespecially assigning each worker to a specific location instead ofallowing them to roam aboutdramatically reduced the rate of injury. The combination of highwages and high efficiency is called "Fordism," and was copied by mostmajor industries.
E  Theoriginal Jeep vehicle that first appeared as the prototype Bantam BRC becamethe primary light 4-wheel-drive vehicle of the United States Army and Alliesand made a huge leap in sale during World War IT, as well as the postwarperiod. Many Jeep variants serving similar military and civilian roles havesince been created and kept being improved on general performance in othernations.
F  Throughoutthe 1950s, engine power and vehicle speeds rose, designs became more integratedand artful, and cars spread across the world. The market changed somewhat inthe 1960s, as Detroit began to worry about foreign competition, the Europeanmakers adopted ever-higher technology, and Japan appeared as a seriouscar-producing nation. General Motors, Chrysler, and Ford tried radical smallcars, like the GM A-bodies, but had little success. Captive imports and badgeengineering swept through the US and UK as amalgamated groups like the BritishMotor Corporation consolidated the market. BMC's revolutionary space-savingMini, which first appeared in 1959, captured large sales worldwide. Minis weremarketed under the Austin and Morris names, until Mini became a marque in itsown right in 1969. The trend for corporate consolidation reached Italy as nichemakers like Maserati, Ferrari, and Lancia were acquired by larger companies. Bythe end of the decade, the number of automobile marques had been greatlyreduced.
G  InAmerica, performance became a prime focus of marketing, exemplified by ponycars and muscle cars. But everything changed in the 1970s as the 1973 oilcrisis, automobile emissions control rules, Japanese and European imports, andstagnant innovation wreaked havoc on the American industry. Though somewhatironically, full-size sedans staged a major comeback in the years between theenergy crisis, with makes such as Cadillac and Lincoln staging their best salesyears ever in the late 70s. Small performance cars from BMW, Toyota, and Nissantook the place of big-engined cars from America and Italy.
H  Onthe technology front, the biggest developments in Post-war era were thewidespread use of independent suspensions, wider application of fuel injection,and an increasing focus on safety in the design of automobiles. The hottesttechnologies of the 1960s were NSU's "Wankel engine", the gasturbine, and the turbocharger. Of these, only the last, pioneered by GeneralMotors but popularised by BMW and Saab, was to see widespread use. Mazda hadmuch success with its "Rotary" engine which, however, acquired areputation as a polluting gas-guzzler. Other Wankel licensees, includingMercedes-Benz and General Motors, never put their designs into production afterthe 1973 oil crisis. (Mazda's hydrogen-fuelled successor was later todemonstrate potential as an "ultimate eco-car".) Rover and Chryslerboth produced experimental gas turbine cars to no effect.
I   Themodern era has also seen rapidly rising fuel efficiency and engine output. Oncethe automobile emissions concerns of the 1970s were conquered with computerizedengine management systems, power began to rise rapidly. In the 1980s, apowerful sports car might have produced 200 horsepower (150 kW) - just 20 yearslater, average passenger cars have engines that powerful, and some performancemodels offer three times as much power.
J   Mostautomobiles in use today are propelled by an internal combustion engine, fueledby gasoline or diesel. Both fuels are known to cause air pollution and are alsoblamed for contributing to climate change and global warming. Rapidlyincreasing oil prices, concerns about oil dependence, tightening environmentallaws and restrictions on greenhouse gas emissions are propelling work on alternative powersystems for automobiles. Efforts to improve or replace existing technologiesinclude the development of hybrid vehicles, plug-in electric vehicles andhydrogen vehicles. Vehicles using alternative fuels such as ethanolflexible-fuel vehicles and natural gas vehicles are also gaining popularity insome countries.

Questions 15-19
Look at the following statements (Questions15-19) and the list of auto companies or car types in the box belong:
Match each statement with the correctperson A-G
Write the appropriate letter A-G in boxes15-19 on your answer sheet.
15. The company which began the firstmanufacture of automobiles
16. The company that produces theindustrialized cars that consumers can afford
17. The example of auto which improved thespace room efficiency
18. The type of auto with greatest upgradedoverall performance in Post-war era
19. The type of autos still keeping anadvanced sale even during a seemingly unproductive period
A. The Ford (American, Henry Ford)
B. The BMC's Mini
C. Cadillac and Lincoln (American)
D. Mercedes-Benz (German)
E. Mazda
F. Jeep
G. NSU's "Wankel engine" car
H. Mascrati, Ferrari, and Iancia

Questions 20-26
Answer the questions below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR ANUMBER from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 20-26 on youranswer sheet.
20. What is a common feature of modem cars'engine type since late 19th century
21. In the past, what did the rich takeowing a car as?
22. How long did Ford's assembly line taketo produce a car?
23. What does people call the Mazda cardesigned under Wankel engine?
24. What is the major historical event thatled American cars to suffer when competing with Japanese imported cars?
25. What has greatly increased withcomputerised engine management systems?
26. What factor is blamed for contributingto pollution, climate change and global warming?

Questions 27
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C, or D.
Write your answers in boxes 27 on youranswer sheet
27 What is the main idea of this passage?
A. the historical contribution of theFord's mass production assembly line
B. the historical development andinnovation in car designs
C. the beginning of the modern designedgasoline engines
D. the history of human and the Autoindustry
答案:
15.D   16.A    17.B    18.G    19.C    20.Petrol-fueled internalcombustion
21.Token of identity   22.minutes/ (1 hour 33 minutes)   23.Polluting gas-guzzler
24.0il crisis    25.Power  26.Fuel或者 gasoline ordiesel    27.B

版本二:答案:
配对6:
14. providing more space because of its special design--Mini
15. It didn’t catch so much interest—Motorwagen
16. affordable to common people-- Ford
17. overall performance was improved-- Sliver Ghost
18. generated in unproductive period--Jeep
19. front wheel engine--Tatra Avant
问答6:
20. What are the features of motor cars compared with previous  road transportation? steam-powered cars
21. 除了速度快,motor car 还有什么作用?a status symbol
22. 生产一台福特轿车需要多久:90 minutes
23. 人们把特别耗油的车成为:gas guzzler
24. 首次用Diesel驱动的汽车成产公司是:Mercedes
25. 目前致力于生产什么样的车?economy-conscious cars
选择1:
26:What’s the main idea  of this passage?
B:  describe the development of cars

第二篇主要讲述意大利治疗疟疾的历史,应该是一本书的介绍。
文章大意:疟疾,从历史,言论,志愿者一直到当今科技,讲人们是怎么误会疟疾的及原因。疟疾在意大利的湿热地区疟疾肆虐 死亡率很高 寿命预期只有22.7岁开始大家都认为这是一种空气传播的疾病,没人想到是insects在搞鬼,直到后来一个意大利的学者貌似把活人拉到疟疾重灾区不让蚊子咬(好残忍),意大利人在疫区情况表明某些人有免疫力,不得疟疾,终于找到病源啦。后来在第四段为了治疗疟疾 意大利政府颁布了法律给公民发放奎宁 还成立治疗中心 终于控制大多数疾病的发生,尽管药物有副作用 利用强制力政府给所有公民发放药物,但是有反抗,意大利80%的疟疾被消除了;但是有很多人怀疑这东西而不使用,惨啊。后来的研究进入近代研究洛克菲勒中心啊,美国啊都支持的研究。1913一战使得政府把大多数资金用于战争 疾病有反复 二站时 有个人故意散播疾病 二站结束后政府采用了新药消灭的疟疾60年代最后一个疟疾被消灭 最后一段疟疾是非常危险的疾病,直到现在仍然能杀死人,通过这个故事给人们警示。
QQ图片20180802131508.png
QQ图片20180802131517.png
QQ图片20180802131529.png
QQ图片20180802131539.png
QQ图片20180802131551.png
QQ图片20180802131611.png
答案:
QQ图片20180802131621.png

第三篇是疾病的认知之类的,我们如何确认自己得病。
回忆4:
听力P1租房子,想搬办公室。P2与老师讨论文学学术研究啥的。P3慈善活动,艺术展览。P4老师介绍一次field trip,去哪不记得了,地名不熟悉的那种。
回忆5:
小作文是折线图比较中国几十年的石油产量与消费量,大作文是城市不控制建造房屋,自己设计好不好
回忆6:
阅读一汽车发展史,阅读二痢疾,阅读三治病相关
作文小折线图,中国石油产产出和消耗的对比,动态折线图;
大作文,few controls over design and construction of new homes and office building,whether advantages outweigh disadvantages
回忆7:
听力
Section 1 租借办公场地
1. The woman’s title: manager
2. Preferred location: near the station
3. Company size: total staff number 40
4. Preferred date: May
5. The size of new office: 12000 square meters
6. Remove the booths in conference room
7. There are boards
8. Store room needs enlargement too small
9. Kitchen is needed some improvements
10. Has the terrace which is with the view of river outside of building

Section 2 学校庆典
11. The first year activity: A festival
12. Volunteers’ Parking using card: C pink card
13. What is the main way of latest advertisement: C leaflet
14. Most volunteers come from: B the same secondary school
15. Volunteer can join in activity such as barbecue, what will not be provided what during barbecue: A cutlery
16. H - sculpture
17. Wood carving
18. Art exhibition
19. Pottery
20. Oil painting
回忆8:
小作文 折线图  
大作文 Some cities have few controls on the design and construction of new homes an office buildings, so people can build house in style whatever they like. 觉得好处超过坏处吗?
回忆9:
回忆10:


为更好地促进做好Edward艾华师最新预测,请烤鸭们积极回忆在本文下面评论栏目里面,请尽量详细,并标明城市考点,A/G类,听力,阅读,大小作文,谢谢!特请亚太其他国家,欧洲,北美,南美,非洲等其他考区的烤鸭们也积极回忆吧


2018年7月28日雅思考试总体反馈:2018年7月28日雅思命中A类G类大小作文、命中听力两旧题,命中阅读两篇和口语大部分真题原题,7月28日雅思A类G类听说读写全面大中,全面开花!(考生回忆不够齐全,待补充,还在不断更新中…)祝贺IRP会员将出现不少雅思高分人才!总体反馈请复制链接进入
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