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[国内外] 2018年6月30日大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题+答案+回忆

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发表于 2018-6-25 17:50:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2018年6月30日陆考区雅思A类笔试真题+答案+回忆请看最下面,
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2018年6月30日陆考区雅思A类笔试真题+答案+回忆
回忆1:
小作文柱图 澳大利亚超重男女各自比例
大作文report类 越来越多的人换工作原因以及这对社会来说是积极的还是消极的发展
回忆2:
阅读:
第一篇是针对一个公司的产品营销 两个专家发表了一些观点
第二篇是讲治理洪水的新方法
第三篇讲的是对澳大利亚大型动物的研究啥的 大概在几千年前人是否和大型动物一起生活啥的
回忆3:
Task1: 柱状图  小作文percentage of overweighting in males and females of Australia from 1980 to 2010.
Task2: An increasing number of people are changing their careers during their working time. What causes thi

回忆4:
Section 1 课程咨询
1. swim
50 meters
2.
rules to follow
3. a vest and a
helmet provided
4.
shower afterwards
5. spare
cloth
6. fee: adult 17 pounds
7. with assurance included
8. sea
9. 完成课程后的活动: take part in race
10. 最后的开班日期: Tuesday 5th June

Section 2 exhibit of a local garden of conservation
11. C trimming branches guidance
12. D set pocket ladybugs free
13. A cafe
14. D gift shops
15. Murry Garden - C native plants
16. Vincent Garden - can store water
17. Smith Garden - edible plants
18. Lulean Garden - alternative to your lawns
19. Gameron Garden - organic fertilizer
20. Sadioly Garden - unified design

Section 3 internet impact on psychology
21. why interesting - many lectures from different department - C principles
22. 用什么开车 - B date/bar chart
23. 基于个人经历的消极影响 - B less creative
24. 关于其他消极影响 - B 咨询老师
25. 从哪里获得更多信息 - A website
26. 关于研究的惊喜发现 - A kinder
27. 实验bad noises - 网站内难找
28. 实验the stracker test - 参与人多
29. 实验personality plus - 觉得很有用
30. 实验face up - 专家推荐

Section 4 鸟类研究
31. which is rare
32. estimate
33. method: mapping
34. identify
35. pollution
36. survival rate
37. frequency
38. method: recording the tracks to listening
39. monitor from distance
40. wind farm

回忆5:
阅读1:某超市开分店为了老年人, 新产品以及吸引顾客的结果。填空题和判断对错。 阅读2:control rivers flood。段落匹配+忘了 阅读3:冰河世纪什么layer挖出的东西证明什么乱七八糟的。选词填空加选择…
大作文an increasing number of people are changing their careers during their working time. What causes this trend and is it a positive or negative development for society
小作文柱状图percentage of overweighting in males and females of Australia from 1980 to 2010
回忆6:
写作 :
小作文柱状图澳大利亚男女超重比1998到2010
大作文为什么有人工作做一半就换了原因和你认为对社会影响好坏
回忆7:
阅读
第一篇:对商店产品的评价

第二篇:洪水治理 (can we hold back the flood?
文章大意:
上个冬天发生在中欧大陆的洪涝灾害是自从中世纪以来最严重的。传统的traditional排涝办法tackling flood就是迅速排掉水,把水倒到海里去。使用弯曲道路twisty path和大坝dykes解决洪涝的办法都失败了。在英国实施了一条新的方案去解决洪涝,不仅是针对河流,而是整个地区。在欧洲阿尔卑斯山Alps实施的一个方案惠及benefit了三个国家nations。在Netherlands和Germany的排涝科学家们做出许多努力effort。洪水使得河流长度变短,流速更快,这对于在冲积平原上的建筑是危险的。不仅欧洲的河流面临着这样的威胁,在美国的密西西比河Mississippi也面临着同样的威胁。在英国一个新的方案被环境署执行,用湿地wetland代替水泥墙被建在伦敦市London边来保护洪涝。在1995年,Rhine再次发生洪涝,成千上万人离开荷兰the Netherworlds。许多工程师建议城市应该是渗水性好的porous,柏林Berlin就是一个很好的例子。另一个被强暴雨毁灭的城市就是洛杉矶los Angeles,尽管政府每年在解决这项问题上花费十多亿美金。在澳大利亚实施的办法是为了下流城镇downstream towns储存水reserve water。

欧洲从中世纪以来,史上最严重洪水传统方法A: 挖渠, 但是洪水依然汹涌
A LAST winter's floods on the rivers of central Europe were among the worst since the Middle Ages, and as winter storms return, the spectre of floods is returning too. Just weeks ago, the river Rhône in south-east France burst its banks, driving 15,000 people from their homes, and worse could be on the way. Traditionally, river engineers have gone for Plan A: get rid of the water fast, draining it off the land and down to the sea in tall-sided rivers re-engineered as high-performance drains. But however big they dig city drains, however wide and straight they make the rivers, and however high they build the banks, the floods keep coming back to taunt them, from the Mississippi to the Danube. And when the floods come, they seem to be worse than ever.No wonder engineers are turning to Plan B: sap the water's destructive strength by dispersing it into fields, forgotten lakes, flood plains and aquifers.

多绕道的河道对现在的洪水也没有效果。提到莱茵河
B Back in the days when rivers took a more tortuous path to the sea, flood waters lost impetus and volume while meandering across flood plains and idling through wetlands and inland deltas. But today the water tends to have an unimpeded journey to the sea. And this means that when it rains in the uplands, the water comes down all at once. Worse, whenever we close off more flood plain, the river's flow farther downstream becomes more violent and uncontrollable. Dykes are only as good as their weakest link - and the water will unerringly find it. By trying to turn the complex hydrology of rivers into the simple mechanics of a water pipe, engineers have often created danger where they promised safety, and intensified the floods they meant to end.Take the Rhine, Europe most engineered river. For two centuries,German engineers have erased its backwaters and cut it off from its flood plain.

莱茵河长度减少,水流加快,危害很大,密西西比河也一样, flood plain 不停地重复
C Today, the river has lost 7 per cent of its original length and runs up to a third faster. When it rains hard in the Alps, the peak flows from several tributaries coincide in the main river, where once they arrived separately. And with four-fifths of the lower Rhine's flood plain barricaded off, the waters rise ever higher. The result is more frequent flooding that does ever-greater damage to the homes, offices and roads that sit on the flood plain. Much the same has happened in the US on the mighty Mississippi, which drains the world's second largest river catchment into the Gulf of Mexico.

欧盟研究下雨天气预报来缓解,但仍然。
D The European Union is trying to improve rain forecasts and more accurately model how intense rains swell rivers. That may help cities prepare, but it won't stop the floods. To do that, say hydrologists, you need a new approach to engineering not just rivers, but the whole landscape. The UK's Environment Agency - which has been granted an extra £150 million a year to spend in the wake of floods in 2000 that cost the country £1 billion - puts it like this: "The focus is now on working with the forces of nature. Towering concrete walls are out, and new wetlands are in."To help keep London's feet dry, the agency is breaking the Thames's banks upstream and reflooding 10 square kilometres of ancient flood plain at Otmoor outside Oxford. Nearer to London it has spent £100 million creating new wetlands and a relief channel across 16 kilometres of flood plain to protect the town of Maidenhead, as well as the ancient playing fields of Eton College. And near the south coast the agency is digging out channels to reconnect old meanders on the river Cuckmere in East Sussex that were cut off by flood banks 150 years ago.
The same is taking place on a much grander scale in Austria, in one of Europe's largest river restorations to date. Engineers are regenerating flood plains along 60 kilometres of the river Drava as it exits the Alps. They are also widening the river bed and channelling it back into abandoned meanders, oxbow lakes and backwaters overhung with willows. The engineers calculate that the restored flood plaincan now store up to 10 million cubic metres of flood waters and slow storm surges coming out of the Alps by more than an hour, protecting towns as far downstream as Slovenia and Croatia.

荷兰的一个专家说,洪水需要更大的空间,缓解。"soft engineers" 需要城市成为渗水性,柏林是个优秀的例子。
F "Rivers have to be allowed to take more space. They have to be turned from flood-chutes into flood-foilers," says Nienhuis. And the Dutch, for whom preventing floods is a matter of survival, have gone furthest. A nation built largely on drained marshes and seabed had the fright of its life in 1993 when the Rhine almost overwhelmed it. The same happened again in 1995, when a quarter of a million people were evacuated from the Netherlands. But a new breed of "soft engineers" wants our cities to become porous, and Berlin is their shining example. Since reunification, the city's massive redevelopment has been governed by tough new rules to prevent its drains becoming overloaded after heavy rains. Harald Kraft, an architect working in the city, says: "We now see rainwater as a resource to be kept rather than got rid of at great cost."A good illustration is the giant Potsdamer Platz, a huge new commercial redevelopment by Daimler Chrysler in the heart of the city.
LA每年花巨资,来对付突然的雨水。。。
G Los Angeles has spent billions of dollars digging huge drains and concreting river beds to carry away the water from occasional intense storms. The latest plan is to spend a cool $280 million raising the concrete walls on the Los Angeles river by another 2 metres. Yet many communities still flood regularly.Meanwhile this desert city is shipping in water from hundreds of kilometres away in northern California and from the Colorado river in Arizona to fill its taps and swimming pools, and irrigate its green spaces. It all sounds like bad planning. "In LA we receive half the water we need in rainfall, and we throw it away. Then we spend hundreds of millions to import water," says Andy Lipkis, an LA environmentalist wh

Lipkis和市民,以及政府都投巨资来支持LA的渗水计划。
H Lipkis, along with citizens groups like Friends of the Los Angeles River and Unpaved LA, want to beat the urban flood hazard and fill the taps by holding onto the city's flood water. And it's not just a pipe dream. The authorities this year launched a $100 million scheme to road-test the porous city in one flood-hit community in Sun Valley. The plan is to catch the rain that falls on thousands of driveways, parking lots and rooftops in the valley. Trees will soak up water from parking lots. Homes and public buildings will capture roof water to irrigate gardens and parks. And road drains will empty into old gravel pits and other leaky places that should recharge the city's underground water reserves. Result: less flooding and more water for the city.Plan B says every city should be porous, every river should have room to flood naturally and every coastline should be left to build its own defences. It sounds expensive and utopian, until you realise how much we spend trying to drain cities and protect our watery margins - and how bad we are at it.

答案回忆:
14. 过去有一些方法可以治理洪水
15. 2 reasons for isolated from a flooding plain iii
16. the method has been used in three countries iv
17.一个国家荷兰牺牲标志 v
18. 作者对比率新旧方法的花费 vii 多选
19. canal directed to the sea
20. Lots of areas and lands
填空 4
21. Europe attacked by flood recently
22. 跟另一条河 Mississippi, two rivers are similar
23. 有个城市使用了项目名字 soft engineer
24. 小规模用大规模规划 Los Angeles

第三篇: mega-fauna(巨型动物)与人类的生存问题
回忆8:
回忆9:
回忆10:


为更好地促进做好Edward艾华师最新预测,请烤鸭们积极回忆在本文下面评论栏目里面,请尽量详细,并标明城市考点,A/G类,听力,阅读,大小作文,谢谢!特请亚太其他国家,欧洲,北美,南美,非洲等其他考区的烤鸭们也积极回忆吧

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