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[国内外] 2018年4月7日大陆考区雅思A类笔试真题+答案+回忆

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发表于 2018-3-31 18:20:06 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2018年4月7陆考区雅思A类笔试真题+答案+回忆请看最下面,
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2018年4月7日陆考区雅思A类笔试真题+答案+回忆
回忆1:
大作文:some people think that the most important thing about being rich is that give a person opportunity to help other people. Do you agree or disagree ?
回忆2:
小作文是一个地方两个时间变化的描述 大作文是有些人认为变富时最重要的是帮助别人 to what extend do you agree
回忆3:
S1 screen manager cooking June singer band art Friday ?
s4部分  expensive painting realstic books largement times glass
回忆4:
听力:
Section1: 公司在酒店开年会
Section2: fun city
Section3: 金属容器
Section4: 待回忆


阅读 :
Passage1: first city
Passage2: bond
Passage3: multitasking

写作 :  
Task1: 地图题,一个地方两个时间变化的描述。
第二段介绍第一图,第三段介绍12年的变化,多了个入口,2层楼边四层楼,电梯取代楼梯,接待室多了个chark的功能,入口顶部有个阳台可以tearace,然后就是4层楼每层的名字。第四段结尾,描述12年的计划比08年多了功能

Task2:有钱了最重要的是帮助别人。Some people think the most important thing about being rich is it gives a opportunity to help other people. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

回忆5:
阅读
Section 1 世界上第一座城市
文章主旨:
第一部分: 乌尔城的历史起源、地址、当地人的生活习惯等
第二部分: 寺庙的作用
第三部分: Writing 乌尔城文化如何得以保留
判断题6
1 Not Given  定位在第二段开头,乌尔城在伊拉克仍有少量剩余信息,但是没有说是physic remains
2 False
3 True
4 False
5 True   basis 替换了 important
6 False  relatives 亲属。文中说缺粮的时候大家会走出家庭和邻居合作
填空题7
1 待补充
2 pyramid  当地的寺庙盖以金字塔的形状建造
3 待补充
4 storeroom
5 banks  寺庙可以扮演银行的角色在经济困难时提供借贷服务
6 clay   当地人的文字写在湿的clay上得以保存
7 fires

Section 2 Financial Bond
文章主旨:
第一段:债券的历史起源
第二段:债券对政府的作用
第三段:债券价格受通货膨胀、利率变化的影响
第四段:待补充
第五段:不同的债券市场类型
第六段:有时候债券不到期就被收回
第七段:欧盟国家因为使用同一种货币对某一个国家的经济影响
小标题 7
14 Paragraph A  vi
15 Paragraph B  vii
16 Paragraph C  ii
17 Paragraph D  iv
18 Paragraph E  i
19 Paragraph F  viii
20 Paragraph G  iii
多选2
21 A 为重工程基础设施建设筹集资金
22 D pension fund以此盈利
填空 4
23 salt monopoly  古代一个国家在盐垄断的基础上发行债券
24 secondary market 是说pension fund只能在二级市场进行债券交易
25 interest rate
26 quantitative easing


Section 3 多任务Multitasking
文章大意:
研究表明人不能够一心二用.然后一个叫Marois的人做实验证明人不能在看到画面和听到声音时分别作出相应的反应.人辨别所看到的东西是需要时间的.人会有短暂的视觉记忆,选择对刺激物作出相应的反应.一个叫Meyer的人认为通过训练人是可以做到一心二用的.Marois对Meyer的观点提出了些看法.多任务执行能力随着年龄变老而减弱,老年人可以通过加强练习而提高做多任务的能力.
Multitasking Debate – Can you do them at the same time?
Talking on the phone while driving isn’t the only situation where we're worse at multitasking than we might like to think we are. New studies have identified a bottleneck in our brains that some say means we are fundamentally incapable of true multitasking If experimental findings reflect real-world performance, people who think they are multitasking are probably just underperforming in all — or at best, all but one - of their parallel pursuits. Practice might improve your performance, but you will never be as good as when focusing on one task at a time.
The problem, according to Rene Marois, a psychologist at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, is that there's a sticking point in the brain. To demonstrate this, Marois devised an experiment to locate it. Volunteers watch a screen and when a particular image appears, a red circle, say, they have to press a key with their index finger. Different coloured circles require presses from different fingers. Typical response time is about half a second, and the volunteers quickly reach their peak performance. Then they learn to listen to different recordings and respond by making a specific sound. For instance, when they hear a bird chirp, they have to say “ba”; an electronic sound should elicit a “ko", and so on. Again, no problem. A normal person can do that in about half a second, with almost no effort.

The trouble comes when Marois shows the volunteers an image, and then almost immediately plays them a sound. Now they’re flummoxed. “If you show an image and play a sound at the same time, one task is postponed,” he says. In fact, if the second task is introduced within the half-second or so it takes to process and react to the first, it will simply be delayed until the first one is done. The largest dual-task delays occur when the two tasks are presented simultaneously; delays progressively shorten as the interval between presenting the tasks lengthens.

There are at least three points where we seem to get stuck, says Marois. The first is in simply identifying what we're looking at. This can take a few tenths of a second, during which time we are not able to see and recognise a second item. This limitation is known as the "attentional blink”: experiments have shown that if you're watching out for a particular event and a second one shows up unexpectedly any time within this crucial window of concentration, it may register in your visual cortex but you will be unable to act upon it. Interestingly, if you don’t expect the first event, you have no trouble responding to the second. What exactly causes the attentional blink is still a matter for debate.

A second limitation is in our short-term visual memory. It’s estimated that we can keep track of about four items at a time, fewer if they are complex. This capacity shortage is thought to explain, in part, our astonishing inability to detect even huge changes in scenes that are otherwise identical, so-called “change blindness”. Show people pairs of near-identical photos - say, aircraft engines in one picture have disappeared in the other - and they will fail to spot the differences. Here again, though, there is disagreement about what the essential limiting factor really is. Does it come down to a dearth of storage capacity, or is it about how much attention a viewer is paying?
A third limitation is that choosing a response to a stimulus -- braking when you see a child in the road, for instance, or replying when your mother tells you over the phone that she’s thinking of leaving your dad -- also takes brainpower. Selecting a response to one of these things will delay by some tenths of a second your ability to respond to the other. This is called the “response selection bottleneck” theory, first proposed in 1952.

But David Meyer, a psychologist at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, doesn't buy the bottleneck idea. He thinks dual-task interference is just evidence of a strategy used by the brain to prioritize multiple activities. Meyer is known as something of an optimist by his peers. He has written papers with titles like "Virtually perfect time-sharing in dual-task performance: Uncorking the central cognitive bottleneck”. His experiments have shown that with enough practice - at least 2000 tries - some people can execute two tasks simultaneously as competently as if they were doing them one after the other. He suggests that there is a central cognitive processor that coordinates all this and, what's more, he thinks it uses discretion: sometimes it chooses to delay one task while completing another.

Marois agrees that practice can sometimes erase interference effects. He has found that with just 1 hour of practice each day for two weeks, volunteers show a huge improvement at managing both his tasks at once. Where he disagrees with Meyer is in what the brain is doing to achieve this. Marois speculates that practice might give us the chance to find less congested circuits to execute a task-rather like finding trusty back streets to avoid heavy traffic on main roads-effectively making our response to the task subconscious. After all, there are plenty of examples of subconscious multitasking that most of us routinely manage: walking and talking, eating and reading, watching TV and folding the laundry.

It probably comes as no surprise that, generally speaking, we get worse at multitasking as we age. According to Art Kramer at the University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign, who studies how ageing affects our cognitive abilities, we peak in our 20s. Though the decline is slow through our 30s and on into our 50s, it is there; and after 55, it becomes more precipitous. In one study, he and his colleagues had both young and old participants do a simulated driving task while carrying on a conversation. He found that while young drivers tended to miss background changes, older drivers failed to notice things that were highly relevant. Likewise, older subjects had more trouble paying attention to the more important parts of a scene than young drivers.

It’s not all bad news for over-55s, though. Kramer also found that older people can benefit from practice. Not only did they learn to perform better, brain scans showed that underlying that improvement was a change in the way their brains become active. While if s clear that practice can often make a difference, especially as we age, the basic facts remain sobering. "We have this impression of an almighty complex brain, says Marois,"and yet we have very humbling and crippling limits.” For most of our history, we probably never needed to do more than one thing at a time, he says, and so we haven't evolved to be able to. Perhaps we will in future, though. We might yet look back one day on people like Debbie and Alun as ancestors of a new breed of true multitaskers.
答案:
  27. RM (人名)的实验目的是什么? D
  28. DM (人名)的观点是什么? B
  29. 两个人共同同意的是什么? D
  30. A
  31. B
  32. attractional blink. C
  33. change blindness E
  34. bottleneck A
  35. adaptive executive B
  36. NOT GIVEN
  37. NO
  38. NOT GIVEN
  39. YES
  40. YES
回忆6:
听力
Section 1 公司订酒店及其配套设施咨询
1. There is a big screen provided in the ball room
2. Please contact the manager for the booking requirements
3. Popular activity: cooking
4. You can see the forest nearby
5. Recommend month to go: June
6. Special: get a rose
7. Performance by a famous singer
8. Local band will be there to do a live music
9. Will organize an exhibition for local arts
10. The earliest day to go exhibition is this Friday

Section 2 主题公园
11. When does ride open in the park:
A 9.00 B 9.30 C 10.00
12. How much does the family fast line track ticket cost if booked online:
A 78 B 95 C 113
13. The suggestion of lake in the park water-ride:
A camera B go there in summer C take waterproof clothes
14. The special feature of roller-coaster:
A its material B the changing speed C family design
15. What should they bring to eat:
A buy some snacks B sit in a cafe C take some food and go for picnic
16. What the activity recommend for one day trip: C stay and see fireworks
17. Cowboy show ride - not wait at a long queue line
18. Driving school ride - only for small child
19. Rollercoaster - the most frightening one
20. Magic show ride - some surprise at the end

Section 3 实验课讨论
21. Course of seam engine - B too difficult
22. Breakfast cereal - E cheap
23. Bounce balls - C easy to understand
24. Paper making - A very boring
25. Tie water experiment - H take longer than usual to do
26. Extract glue from milk - F immediate result
27. Metal container - F
28. Integral refiner - D
29. Drip tip - B
30. Pottery container - C

Section 4 文学会话与摄影
31. Expensive
32. Painting
33. Realistic
34. Enlargement
35. Times
36. Outside the studio
37. Glass
38. New material
39. Light
40. approaches
回忆7:
小作文
地图+流程图
博物馆2008到2012的改造计划。需要描述建筑内部,多了rooms、restaurant和terrace、children play area和lift。以及其他一些改造,比如入口变成entrance hall

大作文
Some people think the most important thing about being rich is helping other people. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
回忆8:
听力
QQ图片20180407175913.png
QQ图片20180407175933.png
QQ图片20180407175858.png
QQ图片20180407175844.png
回忆9:
写作小作文:地图题
题目:图片上半部分是一个博物馆南半边2008年的图,下半部分是2012年的图,对比这两年的变化。
QQ图片20180407202220.png
雅思写作大作文: 生活类
题目:Some people think the most important thing about being rich is that give person an opportunity to help other people. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
回忆10:



为更好地促进做好Edward艾华师最新预测,请烤鸭们积极回忆在本文下面评论栏目里面,请尽量详细,并标明城市考点,A/G类,听力,阅读,大小作文,谢谢!特请亚太其他国家,欧洲,北美,南美,非洲等其他考区的烤鸭们也积极回忆吧


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