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托福阅读备考---托福阅读提速提分的方法!

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发表于 2017-8-29 00:25:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

                         托福阅读备考---托福阅读提速提分的方法!

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1. Improve Your Reading Speed
提高你的阅读速度
Time is of the essence when it comes to the TOEFL. In fact, all other things being equal, good timing and the ability to pace yourself can make or break your TOEFL score.
在托福考试里时间就是精华。事实上,在其它方面相同的情况下,优秀的时间支配和提高自己速度可以决定你的托福成绩的高低。
In other sections, time is specifically called out. For example, when you are speaking, you will have 15 seconds to prepare an answer and 45 seconds to record it. In the Listening section, you can only hear the dialogue when it is played out to you.
在考试的其它部分,特地强调了时间。比如,口语部分,你有15秒准备答案和45秒录下答案;听力部分,你只能在播放音频的时候听到对话。
The Reading section is where a sense of time and pace will need to come from you and you alone. You need to judge how much time you have left to complete the readings and give your answers.
阅读部分对时间的感觉和做题的速度是靠你自己的,而且只能由你自己掌控。你需要判断还剩下多少阅读和作答的时间
This is trickier than it seems, because you will be faced by not one difficult-to-understand text, but several (three or four).
这比看起来更难做到,因为你要对的不是一篇难懂的文章,而是几篇(三篇或四篇)。
The Reading section can have up to 56 questions for 3 or 4 passages, and the maximum time given for the section is 80 minutes. That means you will have only 5 minutes to read each text and about 1 minute to answer each question in the Reading section.
阅读部分你需要在80分钟内阅读三四篇文章,回答56个问题。这就意味着每篇文章你只能用5分钟来读,每个问题只能花1分钟作答。
If you want to have more time to answer the questions, you will need read each passage in just 3 or 4 minutes—and you’re probably going to want to read each passage more than once. That’s tough!
如果你想花更多时间来作答,你就必须在三四分钟内读完文章,而且很大可能需要读好几遍,那非常困难。
To succeed, you’ll need start improving your reading speed.
想要成功,你就需要开始提高快速阅读的能力了。
Time yourself when you study for the test and note how long it takes you to go through a given passage. You will likely notice that you slow down when your level of comprehension drops down, and that’s normal! When you understand less, you need to slow down and read more carefully.
为考试练习的时候给自己计时并且记下自己读完一篇文章用了多久。你很可能会发现当你读得慢的时候,理解水平也跟着下降了,这很正常!理解的越少,你就需要慢下来读得更仔细。
Everyone reads at a different pace. Your task is to make your reading pace slightly faster for the very specific test-taking situation, so you can switch gears and go into full-speed mode if you need to.
每个人的阅读速度都不一样。你的任务是把阅读速度保持在比自己的正常速度快一点,这样你就能在需要的时候换挡进入全速模式。
Apart from studying TOEFL-style academic passages, be sure to read other English language material as well. Read English literature, newspapers and magazines—reading a variety of English writing styles will help improve your reading speed.
除了学习托福类型的学术文章,一定要阅读其它的英语材料。阅读英语文学、报纸和杂志——阅读很多的英语阅读风格可以帮助你提高阅读速度。

2. Work on Your Comprehension Speed
提高你的理解速度
Once you have worked on your reading speed and are comfortable gulping down a complex English passage in less time (in under 4 minutes, to be precise), you are ready for the next step.
一旦你已经提高了阅读速度并且对于在短时间内(准确地说,在4分钟内)大致阅读一篇复杂的英语文章没有不适感,你就已经准备好进行下一步了。
Now you need to teach yourself to remain calm and avoid stressing out when you encounter an unfamiliar word. The reading section will be full of challenging words you have not seen before. They put in challenging words that you probably do not know on purpose.
现在你需要自学在遇到不熟悉的生词是保持冷静、避免压力。阅读部分满是你从没见过的难词。他们会故意放你不会的难词。
The reading section will ask you to deduce meaning and infer information from words you do not understand.
阅读部分会要求你解释词义和用不理解的词推断信息。
This is what the reading section is actually testing. Not your ability to memorize a thesaurus before the test, but your skill at dealing with vocabulary words that you do not know. Not knowing a word is not only normal, but it is expected from speakers of English as a foreign language.
这才是阅读部分真正考察的部分。不是你考前背完词典的能力,而是你应对没见过的词汇的能力。不懂一个词不仅很正常,而且对于英语非母语的人是很常见的。
When you stumble across a word you do not understand, your first reaction might be to check Google Translate or consult a dictionary. When these tools are not available, you may panic and get hung up on trying to understand the word, wasting time that is extremely valuable for you during the TOEFL.
当你遇到一个不懂的生词的时候,你的第一反应可能是查查谷歌翻译或者查字典。当不能使用那些工具的时候,你就可能很慌张并且停在那里试图搞懂这个单词,浪费了在托福考试中你极其宝贵的时间。
Well, relax.
嗯,放松吧。
Force yourself to skip that unknown word and continue reading. Often, you will find that the meaning of the whole text is easy to understand, even if you did not understand a few words. Cool, right?
强迫你自己跳过那些生词,继续读下去。通常你会发现整篇文章的意思其实很好懂,哪怕你不理解几个单词的意思,也没关系,不是吗?


3. Learn Specific Vocabulary
学点专有名词
Even though you will encounter unknown words, developing a nice and wide vocabulary never hurt anyone. When you study for the Reading section of the TOEFL, whether you are at home or in class, go ahead and look up words you don’t understand!
尽管你会遇到生词,但是拥有丰富广泛的词汇量又没有坏处。在你准备托福考试的时候,不管你在家还是在课上,直接查你不会的单词。
Since you are practicing for the Reading section of the TOEFL, try to read every text completely without looking up any words. After you have read the whole text and tried to understand everything on your own, then you may look up words. This is very similar to the actual testing situation.
既然你在准备托福阅读,试着不查单词读完整篇文章。在你读完整篇文章之后,试着自己理解,然后你就可以查单词了。这和真正的考试情况很相似。
Make a list of unfamiliar words and translate them using an English-to-English dictionary. This is important! You must avoid the temptation to use a dictionary which translates words from English to your native language. Don’t give in!
制作一个不熟悉的单词表,用英英词典来翻译。这很重要!你必须避免想要用自己母语翻译单词的欲望。不要屈服。
The English-to-English dictionary will be very helpful to you. Not only will you read a clear English explanation for the word you do not understand, you will also familiarize yourself with synonyms (similar words) and antonyms (opposite words). Hint, hint! This is hugely useful and very much applicable to TOEFL.
英英词典对你来说非常有用。你不仅会读到生词的清晰英文解释,还可以熟悉同义词和反义词。提示!提示!这对于托福考试非常有用而且可操作。
Your vocabulary will grow and so will your confidence. By the time you get to your test day, you will have a much larger English vocabulary to help you out.
你的自信会随着词汇量一起增长。到你考试的那天,你就会有能帮助你的巨大词汇量。

4. Keep Moving
一直读下去
Timing is everything in TOEFL.
时间支配是托福考试的一切。
When it comes to the Reading section, remember that you will not have more than 4 minutes per passage, so do not get hung up on every passage. Try not to stop! Keep moving no matter what.
到阅读部分的时候,记住每篇文章不能花超过4分钟,所以不要停在每篇文章上!不顾一切地读下去。
There are multiple passages on the test, and you are guaranteed to feel more comfortable with one or another. Some will seem harder and some will seem easier. Skim the passage, note key words in sentences, leave unfamiliar terms behind and keep in mind that TOEFL passages may contain words that even native speakers don’t typically know.
考试有好几篇文章,肯定会有一两篇你觉得简单的。有难懂的文章,也有简单的文章。略读文章,记下句子里的关键词,不要管不熟悉的术语,要记住有些托福考试里的生词连母语是英语的人也不一定懂的。
Keep in mind that the TOEFL is highly specific.
要记住托福考试是非常明确的。
You may see a question like: “The word X on line Y is closest in meaning to…” with four choices of words following. Rest assured—most of the choices will sound similar or have very similar meanings, so you will need to read the text carefully to identify the correct answer.
你可能会看到这样的问题:“在Y行的单词X和下列含义最相近的是?”下面会有四个单词给你选择。可以确定的是,大部分选择都很相似或者有很相似的意思,所以你需要仔细读文章来确定正确答案。

5. Use the Line Numbering
利用行数标记
The TOEFL quirk of numbering every fifth line in the passage is meant to help you navigate to the words or sentences referred to in the questions. Practice locating specific lines by the numbers provided—you might be surprised by how much time you can actually waste looking for line 29 or 47!
托福官方每五行会做标记,是为了帮助你问题中提到的单词或句子。练习用给你的数字定位特定的一行——你也许会被自己找29行或47行用的时间震惊到!
That being said, when starting your actual TOEFL, take a deep breath and do not let the Reading section tire you out.
那就是说,开始托福考试的时候,深呼吸,不要被考试累到。
You have practiced and studied enough, and it is now time to demonstrate your excellent English reading skills!
你已经准备和学习得足够多了,现在就是展示你出色的英语阅读技巧的时间啦!



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 楼主| 发表于 2017-8-29 00:26:13 | 显示全部楼层
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